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1002 -- BISTRICH, ANDREA

Maitreya: "I come to change all things" Eine moderne Heilserwartung im interkulturellen Vergleich
(Münchener ethnologische Abhandlungen Band 17)
München: Akademischer Verlag 1996
129 pp., DM 35,-; ISBN 3-929115-76-X

Maitreya: "I come to change all things" A modern expectation of salvation in intercultural comparison
Instead of a historical reconstruction Bistrich tries to trace complex patterns of meaning of these phenomena and to understand the specific case of the Maitreya movement, spread by Benjamin Creme in London. He understands all millennial movements (Christian, Judaist, Buddhist, Hindu, Islamic, etc.) as relating to one world-teacher: Maitreya. In this context the authoress discusses questions of religiosity, "mental crisis", salvation, utopias, revolutionary messianism, justice, etc. Bistrich concludes that the Maitreya movement transcends ordinary attempts to improve social, political, economic and other structures, which makes it difficult to subsume this movement under the categories of B.R. Wilson, A. Wallace, W.E. Mühlmann and G. Elwert - which, according to the author, distort the processuality of such movements. Bistrich instead favors the "holistic" model of O.W. Markley.

Keywords; millenarianism, millennial movements, Maitreya movement, Creme, B., revitalization, messianism, mass movements, nativism, Wilson, B.R., Wallace, A.F.C., Mühlmann, W.E., Elwert, G.



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