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2062 -- METZLER, MANUEL

Japanische Ordnungsprinzipien - einige Parallelen zwischen Schule und Unternehmen
Asien 71.1999:62-81

Japanese principles of order. Some parallels between schools and companies
##To Western observers, Japanese society often appears to be based on different social and psychological laws. This otherness tends to be explained by "cultural differences/ peculiarities". However, the underlying concept of "culture" too often remains vague, and statements are overly generalized. From a sociological point of view, a direct transfer of supposed cultural patterns to individual behavior ignores the important part that institutions play in shaping social reality. This paper therefore attempts to compare the institutions of Kindergarten school, college and company according to those rules and norms that appear specifically Japanese (from a German perspective). Such comparison yields hitherto unnoticed parallel features. These will be discussed as pointing towards four principles relevant to Japanese society at large: the ideology of educational meritocracy, a high regularity of life patterns, conflict avoidance as a major tool of conflict management and a widespread understanding of institutions as social communities.##

Keywords: Japanese culture, order in Japan, culture and order, schools in Japan, companies in Japan



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