History, identity and community among returning Guatemalan POWs
Escalating violence in Guatemala in the early 1980s led to an acceleration of social disintegration. Especially the Indian population has been repressed and driven out. Thus, self-organized repatriation of Guatemalan prisoners of war was of special importance: After their experiences in Mexican exile the building of new communities was a step towards permanently surmounting the effects of the war. So, following the uprooting of their culture, economy and social structure, they consciously construct new roots. After introducing his theoretical approach (based on concepts of identity, ethnicity, habitus, hegemony, etc.), Garbers attempts a historical analysis of social space in Guatemala, describes the circle of migration, flight, exile, and return, describes a model of village organization in detail, the foundations of community construction, and finally processes of history, identity, and community in the process of the returning of Guatemalan refugees.
Keywords: POWs, prisoners of war, identity of refugees, refugees in Guatemala, ethnicity, habitus, hegemony, dominance, violence, migration, repatriation, villages in Guatemala, community construction