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6128 -- REHBEIN, BOIKE

Globalisierung in Laos. Transformation des ökonomischen Feldes
(Market, culture and society 14)
Münster: Lit Verlag 2004
308 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-8258-7894-5

Globalization in Laos. Transformation of the economic field
Rehbein discusses economics and globalization, the ’universal diffusion of capitalism´ which integrates all spheres of life, including socio-cultural ones, in an economic framework. Based on her fieldwork, including the use of questionnaires, Bourdieu´s habitus concept is used to explain and conceptualize the events in Laos: ##Bourdieu´s theory... had to be modified in several regards to fit the problematic. It had to be opened from the national to the global scale, it had to be supplemented by subjective and cultural dimensions, and it had to be stripped of its emphasis on social inequality and reproduction.##
##All lao seem to lose their (subjective) social order, which leads to insecurity. Many social groups react with conservatism. In some social environments, this is not possible any more. Here, the only options are the adoption of a market-proof habitus or resistance. The former is only the case in social environments where the market economy can be perceived as a chance. But even most of these Lao do not develop a ’spirit of capitalism´ because their habitus was formed in a culture of patrimonialism, subsistence ethics and hedonism. This culture (or: these cultures) may only be challenged when the younger generation formed in business schools and foreign companies takes over the Lao economy. It is not certain, however, that this will happen.##

Keywords: globalization and market economy, Bourdieu, P., market economy and traditions, capitalism and globalization, subsistence and market economy

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