Anthropological Abstracts

 

Cultural/Social Anthropology

from German-speaking countries

 

edited by

Ulrich Oberdiek

 

 

 

10.Abstracts of 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©Ulrich Oberdiek

Reprint only by written permission of the editor:

Editor@anthropology-online.de

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

 

 

Editorial                                                                                              7

                                              

 

General/Theoretical/Historical Studies                                                9  

 

 

Regional Studies

 

                            Africa                                                                   83                      

 

                            The Americas                                                     114                      

 

                            Asia                                                                    131                              

 

                            Australia & Oceania                                           159  

 

 

                            Europe                                                                163

 

 

Periodicals Scanned                                                                       189                             

 

Author Index                                                                                  191   

 

 

Subject Index                                                                                  198  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Editorial

 

 

 

 

This reference journal is published once a year and announces - in English language - most of the new publications in the field of cultural/social anthropology published in the German language area (Austria, Germany, Switzerland). Since many of these publications have been written in German, and most of these publications in the field of anthropology are not included in major, English language abstracting services, Anthropological Abstracts (AA) offers an opportunity and convenient source of information for scholars who do not read German, to become aware of anthropological research and publications in the German-speaking countries. Included are journal articles, monographs, anthologies, exhibition catalogs, yearbooks, etc. Occasionally, publications in English, or French, are included as well if the publisher is less well-known internationally and if it is likely that the publication will not be noticed abroad.

The present internet volume of Anthropological Abstracts (www.10) is also represented as Vol. 8.2009, published with Lit Publishers.

 

Some technical remarks

Anthropological Abstracts uses a flexible approach in representing publications: While usually abstracts are supplied, for anthologies the Current Contents method is applied, i.e. only authors and titles are printed. So technically, this is a combined approach: an Abstracting Reference Journal, and the Current Contents method of listing names and titles only. However, the complete material, including those papers which appear by title only, has been thoroughly indexed.

Abstracts supplied by authors are marked by ## before and after the abstract. Due to space limitations they may be abbreviated. Up to three editors of an anthology will be listed; if there are more, only the first will appear (added by ,et al.).

Only those papers in journals will be abstracted that are relevant to cultural/social anthropology - which mainly applies in the case of interdisciplinary, or predominantly sociological journals. AA also tries to cover subjects related to, or influencing, anthropology, i.e. if they are relevant for present discourses. Thus, there may be material from history, folklore studies, linguistics, sociology, philosophy, etc., if there is an intersection with present debates in anthropology.

Keywords serve as an "abstract of the abstract" - for a quick assessment of the contents. Page numbers in the Subject Index refer to the page where the Keywords listings appear.

Terms of the Subject Index - which is identical with the Keywords in alphabetical order - do not follow the Thesaurus principle but are chosen rather loosely and generously, according to need, and there is no strict formal rule to limit their number. In many cases, Subject Index terms try to be specific rather than general, in order to reduce the time of searching. Thus, if there is a topic relating to “history”, it will be specified like “history (Guinea)”, or “history and literacy”, so that users do not have to check all “history” entries.

Regarding alphabetical order, the German Umlaut (ä, ö, ü) will be broken up into ae, oe, ue in the text, but is disregarded in the indexes.

 

The publishers, museums and research institutions must be thanked for their generally prompt deliveries of the books requested for Anthropological Abstracts.

 

 

 

 

PD Dr. Ulrich Oberdiek

Institut für Ethnologie, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany

and:

Institut für Ethnologie und Afrikanistik (Department für Kulturwissenschaften und Altertumskunde), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München, Germany.

 

Contact:

Quäkerst. 7

79102 Freiburg/Germany

Phone+Fax: Germany:  0761/70 72 344

e-mail: Ulrich.Oberdiek@t-online.de


 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL/THEORETICAL/HISTORICAL STUDIES

 

 

 

ALVARADO LEYTON, CRISTIAN

Native anthropology. Kritische Ethnographie einer Debatte um den Zweck der Ethnologie

(Interethnische Beziehungen und Kulturwandel 66)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

136 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-10046-7

Keywords: native anthropology, anthropology-at-home, Arguedas, J.M., Abu-Lughod, L., elite research, power and anthropology, Erdheim, M., otherness, alterity

 

Native anthropology. Critical ethnography of a debate focusing on the purposes of ethnology

The author provides an overview over the self-image of anthropology (ethnology - very much so in the German tradition) of not including research in one”s own society or culture. He does so by citing numerous cases of anthropologists and their opinions on this perspective, and he also introduces two anthropologists who did otherwise by researching their own societies (anthropology-at-home): Jos≈Ω Mar‚Äôa Arguedas and Lila Abu-Lughod. He criticizes the traditional attitude of exclusively researching otherness as being scientist, objectivist, and in fact racist and imperialist. In dealing with his topic he also takes recourse to the guiding line of power, and for instance ethno-psychoanalytic work which includes it, such as Mario Erdheim”s or Maya Nadig”s. What is not included really is for instance the work of the Chicago School since the 1920s, doing research in their own realm (but still otherness in one”s own culture), continued by Mediterranean studies of American scholars (which again means a form of otherness) and presently urban anthropology (like Ulf Hannerz), which comes closer to anthropology-at-home, or research in Great Britain done by members of the Manchester School in the 1950s etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALBRECHT, CLEMENS

Die Halbwertszeit der Kultur. Kultursoziologie zwischen Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaft

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:39-56

Keywords: culture, sociology of culture, humanities and culture, cultural sciences

 

The half-life of culture. Sociology of culture between the humanities and cultural sciences

##This article refers to the consideration that the development of the humanities in the 19th century and the origin of cultural sociology at the beginning of the 20th century requires some reflection on the cultural background at that time. Both the humanities, as well as cultural sociology, emerged as reflecting modes of the national culture (bürgerliche Kultur) in Germany, France and Great Britain and evolved into a kind of double-sided character by confirming its validity on one side and reflexively qualifying its validity on the other side. The interpretation of traditional meanings requires making a distinction between three steps: 1. philologically, 2. sociologically and 3. semiotically within today's flourishing cultural studies. In this way the cultural studies level out the remaining stock of the unequally distributed meaning in the constructivist dogma and shift their normative implications from the aesthetic to the political field. The article pleads for searching the new tasks of cultural sociology in the phenomena of social connections produced by culture.##

 

 

 

ANTWEILER, CHRISTOPH

Heimat Mensch. Was UNS ALLE verbindet

Hamburg: Murmann Verlag 2009

267 pp., Euro 18,-; ISBN 3-86774-067-8

Keywords: anthropological constants, sex, morals, cultural relativism, inclusivism, exclusivism, emotions, arts, violence, conflict management, games, globalization, equality, hierarchy, time, initiation

 

The human home. What connects US ALL

15 essays contemplate human traits that according to the author are universal, which can be observed among all peoples. They deal with sex and morals, the singularity of any culture, inclusivism and exclusivism, emotions that are widespread, comments on artistic expressions, violence and conflict management, games and sports, globalization and equality vs. hierarchy, measuring time, initiation rituals, thought and language, romance, and the drive to discover.

 

 

 

ANTWEILER, CHRISTOPH

Universalien im Kontext kultureller Vielfalt

Erwägen Wissen Ethik 20.2009:341-352

Keywords: universals, culture and universals, intercultural comparison, comparison and universals, “anthropological constants”

 

Universals in the context of cultural variety

##Between and within human cultures is a tremendous diversity. Nevertheless, there are many phenomena which we observe regularly in all societies. These pan-cultural characteristics, called universals, are analytically on the level of societies, not individuals. They are empirically revealed via worldwide intercultural comparisons. Universals are partially based in our common human nature, partially there are other social, cultural and systemic factors. Thus, universals are not simply to be equated with “anthropological constants” respectively species characteristics of Homo sapiens. Knowledge about universals is needed for an empirically-minded science of humanity and is politically relevant for realistic solutions for current human social problems.##

 

 

 

APPADURAI, ARJUN

Die Geographie des Zorns

(Edition Suhrkamp 2541)

Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp Verlag 2009

159 pp.; Euro 12,-; ISBN 3-518-12541-0

Keywords: globalization, violence, war, “vertebrate systems”, “cellular systems”, terrorism

 

Fear of small numbers

This is the German translation of Fear of small numbers, written between 1998-2004, under the impression of two forms of violence, showing in the first case (former Yugoslavia, the Caucasus, Rwanda, India) that there would be no linear “progress” in the course of globalization, and in the second case it is the “war against terrorism”. Appadurai argues that in the “new global war” there are no longer two opposing blocs but cellular and vertebrate systems fighting, while he associates national states with the vertebrate world - likening them to the “last dinosaurs” fighting to survive.

 

 

 

BEER, BETTINA & HANS FISCHER

Wissenschaftliche Arbeitstechniken in der Ethnologie. 3. überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2009

176 pp., Euro 17,-; ISBN 3-496-02825-3

Keywords: working techniques, scientific working techniques

 

Techniques of scientific work in social/cultural anthropology. 3rd enlarged edition

The authors present an overview of scientific working techniques, particularly designed to introduce them to students. This includes how to do protocols, how to listen to lectures methodically, excerpting, how to maintain files and forms of ordering the material, how to cite/quote, information retrieval, how to write, using texts and manuscripts, presentation and discussion. This new edition includes searching and communicating in the internet.

 

 

 

BEER, BETTINA, SABINE KLOCKE-DAFFA & CHRISTIANA LÜTKES (Eds.)

Berufsorientierung für Kulturwissenschaftler. Erfahrungsberichte und Zukunftsperspektiven

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2009

305 pp., Euro 19.90,-; ISBN 3-496-02814-7

Keywords: jobs for anthropologists, anthropologists and jobs

Jobs for scholars in the Cultural Sciences. Experiences and future perspectives

23 papers of this “guide book” discuss the various facets of job orientation, trying to teach the “nuts and bolts” of the discipline. The authors present their own ways and experiences in dealing with this, beyond classical activity. This includes: doing practica while studying, how to bridge periods of unemployment in the curriculum vitae, jobs and practica in the publishing field, the museum, cultural management, cultural scientists in libraries, development work, integration of migrants and intercultural communication, the military, cultural knowledge in patient care, psychological counseling in children”s hospitals, tourism, personnel consulting, anthropological knowledge in consulting companies, anthropology of law and development, NGO “business”, work in the media, and finally: practical advice for applications.

 

 

 

BEER, BETTINA & MATTHIAS KOENIG

Grenzziehungen im System wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen - der Fall der “Kulturwissenschaft(en)”

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:3-38

Keywords: cultural science(s), strategies of cultural science(s), culture and disciplines, boundary-blurring

 

Creating borders in the scientific disciplines - the case of the “cultural sciences”

This paper analyzes the inter-disciplinary practices of creating boundaries connected with the “cultural science(s)” in the German language area. Analyses of  theoretical differentiation in the system of the disciplines are augmented by insights of the recent theory of symbolic and social delimitation. The high tide of the interdisciplinary “cultural sciences” (plural) is explained by specific strategies of boundary-blurring - an answer to primarily extra-scientific conditions of the 1990s. “Cultural science” (singular) on the other hand seems to result from internally motivated strategies of boundary-making - but has not been able to become dominant because of the stability of the (traditional) system of scientific disciplines. This paper analyzes these strategies, their external and internal conditions and their success using a comprehensive empirical analysis of their development in German-speaking countries.

 

 

 

BEETZ, MICHAEL

Was können Soziologen von Moral verstehen? Gesellschaftliche Praxisfelder und ihre moralischen Kompetenzerfordernisse

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:248-267

Keywords: morality, moral reasoning, scandal, conflict, social field 

 

##Understanding morality in sociology - social practices and moral competences/authority

The paper deals with the role of morality within society, pointing out the relevance of empirical research on morals for sociological theory. According to Durkheim the moral sense concerns the relation between individuals and society. The observable formats of it are "moral reasoning" (in the sense of developmental psychology), which occurs on the mental level, and “moral communication" (in the sense of conversation analysis), emerging on the social level. Regarding the relation between moral competences and social contexts, an affinity can be found between the competences concerning "rule consciousness", "taking the perspective of the other" and "societal attitude" on the one hand and the communicative types of "scandal", "conflict" and "social field" on the other hand.##

 

 

 

BEREK, MATHIAS

Kollektives Gedächtnis und die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit. Eine Theorie der Erinnerungskulturen

(Kultur- und sozialwissenschaftliche Studien 2)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 2009

224 pp., Euro 38,-; ISBN 3-447-05921-3

Keywords: memory, remembering, collective memory, cultures of remembering, Luckmann, T., Berger, P.L., Schütz, A.

 

Collective memory and the societal construction of reality. A theory of cultures of remembering

Two problems in studies on cultures of remembering are under-researched according to the author: the relation between individual and collective, and often the existence (or possibility) of a “true”, uncorrupted memory/ recollection is taken for granted. These problems can be solved, so the author, if cultures of remembrance are systematically analyzed in their emergence, structure, and function, as part of the pool of societal knowledge. To do so Berek combines Berger & Luckmann”s constructionist sociology of knowledge with the lifeworld analysis of Alfred Schütz - systematizing results from the neuro- and literary sciences, psychology, sociology, and history, to form a coherent theory of collective memory. In this way Berek provides further proof for the fact that collective memory is simulaneously constructed and necessary for constructing reality.

 

 

 

BERKING, SABINE & MAGDALENA ZOLKOS (Eds.)

Between life and death. Governing populations in the era of human rights

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2009

326 pp., Euro 49,-; ISBN 3-631-58733-9

Keywords: governance, human rights and governance, populations, migration and reproduction rights, Aids and populations, burial rights, abortion, war babies, “child allowances”

 

##How does the focus on human rights change the study of population governance? What, if any, new insights, perspectives and challenges do human rights bring to population policies? How, if at all, can protection and respect for human rights be integrated with national and global problems of population management? These questions are looming in light of contemporary recognition that dealing with the world”s population is an increasingly urgent, challenging and complex issue of global governance. Cutting across standard academic disciplines and often challenging the divide between social theory and practice, this collection brings together contributions from experts in the area of population studies and human rights.##

BERKING, SABINE & MAGDALENA ZOLKOS: Introduction - Human Rights, Human Populations, and the Controversies of Natality

RANDERIA, SHALINI: Malthus versus Condorcet - Population Policy, Gender and Culture from an Ethnological Perspective

ERIKSSON, MAJA KIRILOVA: Reproductive Rights - The Challenge of Reconciling Ethics and Law      

GREENHALGH, SUSAN: Governing China's Population - The State Planning of Unplanned Persons

BLEDSOE, CAROLINE H.: Reproduction at the Margins - Reproduction, Migration and Legitimacy in the New Europe

TURAY, KHADIJA R.: A Population Policy Transition - Human Rights and Population Politics in India during the 1975-1977 Emergency and Today        

RICHEY, LISA ANN: HIV/AIDS Prevention and Population Politics in Africa 

ROBINSON, RACHEL SULLIVAN: The Positive Impact of Population Policy on Human Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa

KRÖHNERT, STEFFEN & REINER KLINGHOLZ: Emancipation or Child Benefits? - New Family Policies in Germany and Europe

CHU, JULIE Y.: Departing China - Identification Papers and the Pursuit of Burial Rights in Fuzhou

HOODFAR, HOMA: Population Policy in the Islamic Republic of Iran

ANDAYA, ELISE: Bearing Children, Bearing the Revolution - Fertility, Culture, and Economy in Cuba

ZOLKOS, MAGDALENA: Mapping Human Rights in the Polish Abortion Debates - Reflections on the Subversion of the Democratic Polity

MOOKHERJEE, NAYANIKA: Available Motherhood - Legal Technologies, 'State of Exception' and the Dekinning of 'War-Babies' in Bangladesh

ROUSSO-SCHINDLER, STEVEN: Discourses of Modernization and Child Allowances - Israeli Population Politics and their Impact on Palestinian Citizens of Israel 

PEREIRA, RICARDO M.: The Right to Reproductive Self-Determination of Indigenous Peoples under Human Rights Law

 

 

 

BERNER, ULRICH

Representation and anticipation in ritual drama. Examples from medieval Europe and modern Africa

Paideuma 55.2009: 117-135

Keywords: ritual drama, representation and drama, performance, imitation, Darwin, C., Nazareth Baptist Church, Zulu

 

Berner discusses the evolutionist concept of imitation vs., goes into the history of (medieval) Christian ritual (the balance of representation and anticipation) - a “rich tradition of ritual drama” which was then suppressed due to the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, and he alludes to thinkers such as M. Eliade and H. Whitehouse. The case from modern Africa pertains to the Nazareth Baptist Church of South Africa.

 

 

 

BOGUSZ, TANJA

Erfahrung, Praxis, Erkenntnis. Wissenssoziologische Anschlüsse zwischen Pragmatismus und Praxistheorie - ein Essay

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:197-228

Keywords: sociology of knowledge, epistemology, practice, experience, cognition, pragmatism, Durkheim, E., Bourdieu, P., Dewey, J., translation

 

Experience, practice, cognition. Connections of the sociology of knowledge with pragmatism and theory of practice - an essay

##Pragmatism has experienced a striking renaissance during the last decade. The essay takes this development as a starting point to propose a historical and epistemological combination of pragmatism and sociological practice theory provided by Emile Durkheim and Pierre Bourdieu. In the long run this combination is not only supposed to overcome their pretended incommensurateness in social theory, but to consolidate their methodo-logical convergences, which, while actually reclaimed in international social sciences, still wait to be applied in a more systematic relation. Hence, the essay examines their respective approaches concerning knowledge, action and the importance of experience starting with William James and Durkheim (1). In a second step, the concepts of experience and practice in the works of John Dewey and Bourdieu will be compared one to another (2). The essay finishes by sketching a possible combination based on the pragmatic methodology of "translation" embedded in a theory of social emergence that still has to be developped (3).##

 

 

 

BRÜHL, TANJA & ANDREAS NÖLKE

Spurensuche: Fragmente globaler Sozialpolitik 

Peripherie 29,113.2009:149-167

Keywords: global social policy, social policy, justice

 

##Tracing the Fragments of Global Social Policy

Whereas some authors argue that global social policy-defined as global redistributive policies, global social regulatory policies and elements of global provision and empowerment - does exist, other observers challenge this claim. These contradictory positions are the starting point of our article. In the first part, we investigate to what extent elements of global social policy can be found; we demonstrate that only fragments of global social policy exist, namely some norms of social justice and some weak global regulatory mechanisms. In the second part of our article, we identify reasons for the limited articulation of global social policy. We sketch social policy theories which have been developed for the national level and discuss their relevance for global social policy. In doing so, we highlight limited industrialization at the global level, the weakness of global trade unions and churches, the dominance of liberal international organizations, the veto power of powerful national governments and the weakness of (Scandinavian) welfare states in global politics as possible reasons for the rather fragmentary existence of global social policy.##

 

BÜCH, REINER

Erinnerung an die Konnotationsanalyse. Zur Methodik der Symbolischen Handlungstheorie und Kulturpsychologie von Ernst E. Boesch

Curare 32.2009:10-17

Keywords: Cultural Psychology, Symbolic Action theory, free association, Boesch, E.E.

 

##Reconsidering Ernst E. Boesch's Cultural Psychology. The Importance of the Method of his Theory of Symbolic Action

The following article reconsiders the analysis of connotations, a method developed by ERNST E. BOESCH since 1954 in order to capture symbolic significations; the method is embedded in his symbolic action theory. The analysis of connotations is based on a collection of free associations and the corresponding processing according to theoretical principles. By this processing both fantasms of the individual that guide action are made accessible and socially transmitted ideas of order are revealed; for the latter Boesch uses the notion of “myth”. The dynamics of fantasies and myths corresponds to the biotopic connectedness of individual and Culture. Progressing from symbolic action theory onwards to cultural psychology the analysis connotations becomes more complex and comprehensive. In the final part an example for the application of the method is given. This example from therapeutical and supervising practice shows effectiveness in data collection and in finding foci. Moreover the method is used to support a clinical team to enhance the professional quality of practice.##

 

 

 

BUTTERWEGGE, CHRISTOPH & GUDRUN HENTGES (Eds.)

Zuwanderung im Zeichen der Globalisierung. Migrations-, Integrations- und Minderheitenpolitik. 4. aktualisierte Auflage

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

304 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-531-16086-3

Keywords: migration and globalization, globalization and migration, integration, minorities, multicultural democracy, democracy

 

Immigration in the wake of globalization. Politics of migration, integration, and minorities. 4th revised edition

There are various reasons for migration which is increasing, but the discussion of immigration in the context of globalization has been inadequate so far. The papers in the book deal with the connection of globalization and migration, the political reaction to exodus/flight, migration and minorities, and questions of integration and perspectives of a multicultural democracy.

GALTUNG, JOHAN: Globale Migration [Global migration]

NUSCHELER, FRANZ: Globalisierung und ihre Folgen: Gerät die Welt in Bewegung? [Globalization and its effects]

ANGENENDT, STEFFEN: Wanderungsbewegungen und Globalisierung. Zusammenhänge - Probleme - Handlungsmöglichkeiten [Migration movemente and globalization. Contexts - problems - opportunities for action]

BUTTERWEGGE, CHRISTOPH: Globalisierung als Spaltpilz und sozialer Sprengsatz. Weltmarktdynamik und ,,Zuwanderungsdramatik" im postmodernen Wohlfahrtsstaat [Globalization as dividing force and social time bomb. World market dynamics and “Immigration drama” in the postmodern welfare state]

TREIBEL, ANNETTE:  Migration als Form der Emanzipation? Motive und Muster der Wanderung von Frauen [Migration as a form of emancipation? Motivations and patterns of the migration of women]

BENDEL, PETRA: Die Migrationspolitik der Europäischen Union. Inhalte, Institutionen und Integrationsperspektiven [Migration policy of the European Union. Contents, institutions, and integration perspectives]

BUTTERWEGGE, CAROLIN:  Fit für die Globalisierung? Deutschland auf dem Weg zur Modernisierung seiner Migrations- und Integrations-politik [Fit for globalization? Germany on the way to modernizing its migration - and integration policy]

BARINGHORST, SIGRID: Nationaler Zusammenhalt versus kulturelle Vielfalt. Die britische Einwanderungs- und Integrationspolitik zwischen globalem Wettbewerb und nationaler Identität [National cohesion versus cultural variety. British immigration and integration policy between global competition and national identity]

HENTGES, GUDRUN: ,,Brücken für unser Land in einem neuen Europa"? Minderheiten- und Volksgruppenpolitik in Österreich [“Bridges for our country in a new Europe?” Minority and ethnic policy in Austria]

OBERNDÖRFER, DIETER: Das Ende des Nationalstaates als Chance für die offene europäische Republik [The end of the national state as a chance for the open European Republic]

KÜHNE, PETER: Flüchtlinge und der deutsche Arbeitsmarkt. Dauernde staatliche Integrationsverweigerung [Refugees and the German job market. Permanent state denial of integration]

YILDIZ, EROL: Multikulturalität und Demokratie im Zeitalter der Globalisierung [Multiculturalism and democracy in the age of globalization]

CS√ßKY, MORITZ & CHRISTOPH LEITGEB (Eds.)

Kommunikation, Gedächtnis, Raum. Kulturwissenschaften nach dem “spatial turn”

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2009

172 pp., Euro 18.80; ISBN 3-8376-1120-5

Keywords: communication, memory, space, spatial turn, film, performance, literature and space, sound and space, cultural turn

 

Communication, memory, space. Cultural sciences after the “spatial turn”

The volume is based on a conference held by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, in November 2007. The contributions discuss the spatial turn and its application - ranging from aesthetics to consequences for the spatial paradigm of “Central Europe”.

ASSMANN, ALEIDA: Geschichte findet Stadt [History finds city]

LOSSAU, JULIA: Räume von Bedeutung. Spatial turn, cultural turn und Kulturgeographie [Spaces of meaning. Spatial turn, cultural turn and cultural geography]

NECKEL SIGHARD: Felder, Relationen, Ortseffekte: Sozialer und physischer Raum [Fields, relations, effects of place: Social and physical space]

OTT, MICHAELA: Raum im Film - spatial versus topological turn und der Standort der Kritik [Space in films: spatial vs. topological turn and the position of critique]

SIEGMUND, GERALD: In die Geschichte eintreten. Performatives Erinnern bei Rimini Protokoll und Klaus Michael Grüber [Entering history. Performative remembering in Rimini Protocol and in Klaus Michael Grüber]

ALBERT, MECHTHILD: Zur (De-)Konstruktion von Au¬ßen- und Innenräumen in der Literatur. Die Pariser Passagen in Louis Aragons Paysan de Paris [On the (de-) construction of outdoor and indoor spaces in literature. The Paris passages in Louis Aragon”s Paysan de Paris]

BRÜSTLE, CHRISTA: Klang als performative Prägung von Räumlichkeiten [Sound as performative coinage of locations]

ZAJAC, PETER: Interferenzialität als mitteleuropäisches Raumparadigma [Interferenciality as a Central European spatial paradigm]

ALTERMATT, URS: Ist die Schweiz ein Europa im Kleinen? [Is Switzerland Europe in a nutshell?]

 

 

 

 

DESCHAUER, MARTIN

Subjektivität in der Behandlung psychischer Krankheiten - Das Konzept des strategischen Synkretismus am Beispiel der Depressionstherapie

Curare 32.2009:40-47

Keywords: depression therapy, strategic syncretism, psychiatry

 

##Subjectivity in the Treatment of Mental Illnesses - the Concept of Strategic Syncretism using the Example of Therapy of Depression

The knowledge-processes, which guide the activity of psychiatrists, are based on different explanatory models. The elements, which the psychiatrists” concept of knowledge is composed of, has to be proofed in his practical acting-which means in the therapeutic situation. There is much more needed than to prescribe a pill that regulates the chemical imbalance in the brain. On the basis of the clinical therapy of depression I want to show, how psychiatrists use their explicit and tacit knowledge in their daily work and how experience guide their way. This is getting important when insecurities and contradictorily discourses of the psychiatric profession appear.##

 

 

 

DIETZSCH, INA, WOLFGANG KASCHUBA & LEONORE SCHOLZE-IRRLITZ (Eds.)

Horizonte ethnografischen Wissens. Eine Bestandsaufnahme

(alltag & kultur 12)

Köln: Böhlau Verlag 2009

266 pp., Euro 32.90; ISBN 3-412-20114-2

Keywords: ethnography, knowledge, Folklore Studies, museums, exhibitions, Cultural Studies, endangered languages, para-ethnographic knowledge

 

Horizons of ethnographic knowledge. A stocktaking

The authors explore everyday culture and how scholars and lay people (experts) use one and the same corpus of knowledge in different ways, e.g., as ethnographic knowledge becomes part of general everyday life.

DIETZSCH, INA: Zwischen Mathematik und Poesie. Praxen der Herstellung und Veröffentlichung volkskundlichen Wissens [Between mathematics and poetics. Practices of generating and publishing knowledge in Folklore Studies]

LAUKÖTTER, ANJA: Völkerkundemuseen als Orte der Wissensproduktion im ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts [Museums of anthropology as locations of knowledge production in the first three decades of the 20th century]

SCHNEIDER, FRANKA: Städtische Arenen volkskundlicher Wissensarbeit. Die Internationale Volkskunstausstellung 1909 im Berliner Warenhaus Wertheim [Municipal arenas of Folklore Studies work. The International Folklore Exhibition of 1909 in the Berlin Department Store of Wertheim]

IMERI, SABINE: Sozialkitt, Beheimatung und Mitmach-Wissen. Überlegungen zur Verwendbarkeit volkskundlichen Wissens im Kontext der Preu¬ßischen Schulreformen 1924/25 [Social ferment, making feel at home, and knowledge to participate. Using knowledge of Folklore Studies in the context of Prussian school reforms in 1924/25]

SCHOLZE-IRRLITZ, LEONORE: Feldforschung in der Mark Brandenburg. Volkskundliche Wissensproduktion in den 1930er Jahren in Berlin [Fieldwork in the Mark Brandenburg, Germany. Generating knowledge in Folklore Studies in Berlin in the 1930s]

KÜHN, CORNELIA: Sozialistische Wissenschaftspopularisierung. Volkskunst und Heimatgeschichte in der frühen DDR [Socialist popularization of the sciences. Folk art and regional history in the early GDR]

EGGMANN, SABINE: Die Volkskunde als Kulturwissenschaft. Der Diskursraum als Denkraum [Folklore Studies as cultural science. Discourse space as a space for thinking]

F&#196RBER, ALEXA: Das unternehmerische ethnografische Selbst. Aspekte der Intensivierung von Arbeit im ethnologisch-ethnografischen Feldforschungsparadigma [The entrepreneurial ethnographic self. Aspects of intensifying work/labor in the anthropological-ethnographic fieldwork paradigm]

WIDLOK, THOMAS: Die elektronische Zukunft der Ethnografie und ihre Gegenwart in der Dokumentation bedrohter Sprachen [The electronic future of ethnography and its present in the documentation of endangered languages]

BECK, STEFAN: Die Mobilisierung von Erfahrung. Anmerkungen zu Translationen para-ethnografischen Wissens [The mobilization of experience. Remarks on translations of para-ethnographic knowledge]

 

 

 

 

 

 

DITTMAR, NORBERT

Transkription. Ein Leitfaden mit Aufgaben für Studenten, Forscher und Laien. 3. Auflage

(Qualitative Sozialforschung 10)

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

242 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-531-16112-9

Keywords: transcription, techniques of transcription, discourse analysis, phonological authenticity, pragmatic authenticity, communication research

 

Transcription. A guideline with exercises for students, scholars, and lay persons. 3rd edition

This book introduces to the foundations and practice of transcription (from a sociological perspective), especially focusing on portraying the major transcription systems in the humanities and social sciences for graphically representing verbal and non-verbal behavior in the interactive everyday life of communication. Chapters are devoted to: cultural techniques to make speech permanent; spoken communication, transcription to create a document basis for scholarly research of vocal communication systems; phonological authenticity; pragmatic authenticity (the longest part of the book); transcribing non-verbal behavior; transcription and electronic data processing; and finally - the practice of transcribing.

 

 

 

DÜCKER, BURCKHARD & GERALD SCHWEDLER (Eds.)

Das Ursprüngliche und das Neue. Zur Dynamik ritueller Prozesse in Geschichte und Gegenwart

(Performanzen 13)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2008

256 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-8258-9895-3

Keywords: ritual processes, innovation and ritual, status quo and ritual, dynamics of ritual, Epiphany, papal court and ritual

 

The original and the new. On the dynamics of historical and present ritual processes

Most papers originated in a 2005 meeting of historians at the University of Heidelberg as part of a multi-disciplinary research project on “ritual dynamics”. The papers focus on how “the New”, between the static of the status quo and the dynamic of future conditions ensures continuity and order by anticipating the unexpected in “regulating” and “framing” it through rituals constellations.

DÜCKER, BURCKHARD: ,Alle Jahre wieder...' - “Was gibt's Neues?” Das Neue und das Rituelle als Kategorien der Kulturwissenschaft [The New and the Ritual as categories in Cultural Science]

SCHÖDLBAUER, ULRICH: Neu ist nur das Subjekt. Eine Grenzbetrachtung [Only the subject is new]

FALKOWSKI, WOJCIECH: Das ungewöhnliche Ritual der Herrscher-begegnungen auf Inseln [The extraordinary ritual of rulers meeting on islands]

TÖBELMANN, PAUL: Das Wormser Konkordat und der Wandel des rituellen Gebrauchs von Stäben bei Bischöfen [The Worms Concordat and changes in the ritual use of episcopal staffs]

SCHWEDLER, GERALD: Ritualinnovation. Zur Gestaltung politisch-liturgischer Zeremonien am Beispiel des Pariser Dreikönigszeremoniells von 1378 [Ritual innovation. On designing politico-liturgical ceremonies, exemplified in the Paris Epiphany ceremony]

STENZIG, PHILIPP: Nunquam antea in usu. Das diplomatische Protokoll an der Kurie [The diplomatic protocol at the papal court]

SCHLIE, HEIKE: The invention of Innovation. “Zentralperspektive” und “Ars Nova” als Positionierungen des Neuen [The invention of innovation. “The central perspective” and “Ars nova” as positionings of the New]

 

 

 

DYK, SILKE VAN

Das Alter: adressiert, aktiviert, diskriminiert. Theoretische Perspektiven auf die Neuverhandlung einer Lebensphase

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:601-625

Keywords: age, ageism, discrimination of age, negotiation of old age

 

##Old age: addressed, activated, discriminated. Theoretical perspectives on the re-negotiation of a phase of life

In the last years, ageing - or rather active ageing - has become a highly popular issue. In contrast to the disputed activation in labor market policies, the activation of old age seems to be a win-win-situation that benefits everyone. However, embedded in two highly topical debates - demographic change and activation-based welfare state reform - the conditions of the popularization of active ageing remain a blank within the German discussion. This concerns the specifics of old age activation as well as the power-related implications and the normalizing and standardizing consequences of this re-negotiation of old age. It is the aim of this article to discuss these blanks theoretically, paying reference to Anglo-Saxon gerontology, to works on active society and to gender theory on sameness and difference.##

 

 

 

EGGMANN, SABINE

“Kultur”-Konstruktionen. Die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft im Spiegel volkskundlich-kulturwissenschaftlichen Wissens

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2009

349 pp., Euro 30.80; ISBN 3-89942-837-7

Keywords: Folklore, Cultural Studies, authority of interpretation, interpretation and authority, knowledge

 

“Culture” constructions. Present society represented by the knowledge of Folklore and Cultural Studies

Current transformation processes in science and society challenge academic disciplines to reconfigure their knowledge regarding societal functions and authority. This is discussed in the case of the Cultural Sciences, and especially Folklore Studies (European Ethnology) by considering its construct of culture, the episteme of the field, and identity politics. This results in a critical diagnosis of societal self-description which is vying for authority/validity of interpretations with other social authorities of interpretation.

 

 

 

ELLEBRECHT, NILS

Triage. Charakteristika und Gegenwart eines ordnungsstiftenden Verfahrens

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:229-258

Keywords: triage, war, surgery, order producing system, disaster medicine

 

Triage. Characteristics and present of an order producing system

##Coming up from Napoleonic wars triage develops to a professional technique for sorting masses of wounded soldiers via injury severity and urgency of treatment. Particularly in the 19th century military surgeons extend triage to an order producing system. The first part of the article discusses in how far the political circumstances as well as the nature of modern war promote the establishment of triage. Triage is considered an administrative process, in which the physician has to break with his routinized practises. The second part deals with three contemporary basic versions of triage. In the 1980s there was a broad discussion about ethical problems and the implementation of triage into civil space. Variants like "Sichtung" have evolved in emergency medicine and contrary to disaster medicine triage. The medical competencies of the German "Rettungsassistent" are currently under discussion. One big question is whether and in how far she/ he is able and allowed to triage without medical control.##

 

 

 

ESSER, HARTMUT

Pluralisierung oder Assimilation? Effekte der multiplen Inklusion auf die Integration von Migranten

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38.2009:358-378

Keywords: pluralization, assimilation, inclusion, integration

 

##Pluralization or Assimilation? Effects of Multiple Inclusion on the Integration of Immigrants

This contribution analyzes empirically the mechanisms and social conditions of the emergence of multiple integration and its effects on the social integration of immigrants. The analysis is based on a general theoretical model and uses data of the German Socio-economic Panel (SOEP). Its background is the current debate between more pluralistic and more assimilationist approaches addressing the (mutual) impact of ethnic resources such as language, networks, and identification on immigrants” integration, especially with regard to their labor market chances. It reveals that multiple integration, including bilingualism, ethnically mixed networks, and hybrid identification, show no or even negative effects on integration in the host country and that ethnic segmentation always involves disadvantages. This applies, in particular, to processes on the labor market. At least in this respect, there is hardly any evidence supporting the hypotheses formulated by the advocates of the pluralistic position.##

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FEIST, THOMAS

Kritik der sozialen Vernunft. Kulturelle Orientierungsmuster in der postmodernen Gesellschaft

(Friedenauer Schriftenreihe. Reihe C: Musik-Kirche-Kultur 12)

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2009

421 pp., Euro 64.80; ISBN 3-631-59292-2

Keywords: postmodernity, metanarratives, religion and culture, interpreting postmodernity, synchronicity, de-historicization, systemic approaches, constructionism, Romanticism principle, Cultural Studies, cultural patterns, patterns of culture, homo culturalis

 

Critique of social reason. Cultural patterns of orientation in postmodern society

Feist thinks that postmodernity is not the end of meta-narratives - the latter only sound differently now, and are told by other people. He wants to uncover them, think basic principles of the social in a new way, and operationalize them for the humanities and social sciences (creating a  homo culturalis). To do so, Feist generates a theory of the aesthetic foundation of the social which should enable to interpret and understand postmodern society in a new way. Of special focus is the function of orientation of the popular and of fiction in culture for processes of communication and action of social actors. Systemic and constructionist approaches (which are used to “de-historicize” processes) are the basis for the then following hermeneutic analyses of art, religion, and social space, augmented by reflections on the diagnosis of time. Of particular focus ar the Churches, since they simultaneously provide meaning, patterns for orientation, and action.

 

 

 

FIGGE, HORST H.

Erlebte Wirklichkeit, Krankheit und Krankheitsbewältigung. Ein Diskussionsbeitrag aus psychologischer Sicht zur 21. Fachkonferenz Ethnomedizin

Curare 32.2009:23-27

Keywords: experienced reality, belief, coping strategies, socialization, reality and socialization

 

## Experienced Reality, Illness and Coping with Illness. A Contribution to the 21st Fachkonferenz Ethnomedizin from a Psychological Perspective

Each individual's subjective comprehension of what is meant by the concepts of "Illness" and "coping with illness" is based on passed knowledge and thoughts that were internalized as self-evident truths in the course of his or her socialization. Regardless of the objective situation, this comprehension is part of the experienced reality or, more precisely, part of the individual's own inner and intimate world (Eigenwelt). The efficacy of individual coping strategies is largely based on the individual's absolute reliance on his or her own inner world and, in particular, facts of belief.##

 

 

 

FINDEISEN, JANINA

“Was nützen uns die toten Instrumente von denen unsere Museen wimmeln?” Die Völkerkunde und der Beginn der auditiven Klang-speicherung am Beispiel der phonographischen Sammlung von Hans Findeisen, Sibirien 1927/28

Paideuma 55.2009:179-199

Keywords: Findeisen, H., sound preservation in museums, museal audible collections, phonograms

 

Anthropology and the beginnings of audible sound archiving exemplified in the phonographic collection of Hans Findeisen,

Siberia 1927/28

The author discusses the situation and procedures in the Berlin Museum of Anthropology, and phonograms from Siberia stored there.

 

 

 

FISCHER, JOACHIM

Was leistet die Kultursoziologie eigentlich für die Qualität der Kultur?

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:57-68

Keywords: sociology of culture, cultural sociology, culture and sociology, “sustainable” culture

 

What does the sociology of culture do for the quality of culture?

##Since 2006, a debate has been waged in Germany over the extent to which cultural sociology does bear a responsibility for the "quality" of culture, especially for high "sustainable" culture. First, this paper reconstructs how the dominant paradigms of cultural sociology have led to an abdication of the task of researching the social conditions of excellent culture. Second, the paper systematically argues against the strong reluctance to attend to the genesis, sustainability and creation of excellent culture that prevails within the contemporary sociology of culture.##

 

 

 

FREIBERGER, OLIVER

Der Askesediskurs in der Religionsgeschichte. Eine vergleichende Untersuchung brahmanischer und frühchristlicher Texte

(Studies in oriental religions 57)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 2009

283 pp., Euro 48,-; ISBN 3-447-058-69-8

Keywords: asceticism, Brahmanical asceticism, Christian asceticism, Saṃnyāsa Upaniṣads, Apophtegmata Patrum, History of Religions, religion

 

The discourse on asceticism in the History Religions. A comparative study of Brahmanical and early Christian texts

The author compares asceticism in the Saṃnyāsa Upaniṣads (using, among others, the exemplary study of Olivelle) and in the Apophtegmata Patrum. After defining his subject and alluding to comparative studies in the field of History of Religions (which rely on approaches of other disciplines, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology) he aims at generating, and in the end he presents, a (“metalinguistic”) model of the discourse on asceticism of his own discipline. The chapters on the two texts deal with the “right ascetic life”, in the Brahmanical case - renunciation, the peripatetic life, poverty, food, clothing, sexuality, and in the Christian case with: eremitic lifestyle, silence, obedience, poverty, food, clothing, and sexuality. This means, many areas of asceticism in the two concur. The last ten pages present a model of studying asceticism in the History of Religions discussing argumentation, practice, definitions, and reflecting method and theory.

 

 

 

FRIESSEM, DIETER H.

Devereux und die Psychiatrie. Gedanken beim Wiederlesen von “Angst und Methode"

Curare 32.2009:173-177

Keywords: Devereux, G., psychoanalysis, doctor patient relation, ethno-psychoanalysis, psychiatry

 

##Devereux and Psychiatry. Some Reflections while Re-reading "From Anxiety to Method"

In the following reprint the author reflects the history of reception of Devereux's book "From Anxiety to Method in the Behavioral Sciences" (1967, Den Haag, Paris: Mouton & Co.) within the German speaking community (first translated and edited 1973, München: Hanser, 1976 Frankfurt am Main: Ullstein). The reprint after 25 years was part of the Festschrift, dedicated to Georges Devereux in 1984 on his 75th anniversary by AGFM.##

 

 

 

FÜSSEL, MARIAN

Rituale in der Krise? Zum Wandel akademischer Ritualkultur im Zeitalter der Aufklärung

Paideuma 55.2009:137-153

Keywords: academic rituals, rituals of academia, Enlightenment and rituals, changing rituals

 

Rituals in crisis? On changing academic ritual culture in the age of Enlightenment

The title partially alludes to the age of Enlightenment but the author also comments on present situations of academic ritual. Three rituals are described: the deposition, the doctoral degree, and installing the rector. This survey shows that even in the beginning of the 19th century, at Göttingen University, the “enthronement” of the rector provoked laughter rather than awe.

 

 

 

GIORDANO, CHRISTIAN, JEAN-LUC PATRY & FRAN‚ÄöOIS RÜEGG (Eds.)

Trugschlüsse und Umdeutungen. Multidisziplinäre Betrachtungen unbe-haglicher Praktiken

(Freiburger sozialanthropologische Studien 26)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

181 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-643-80039-8

Keywords: practice, illusion, mystification, manipulation, misrecognition, lying, fraud, freedom, psychological research, normalcy, oral history

 

Fallacies and re-interpretations. Multidisciplinary considerations of uneasy practices

This book is the result of a meeting of the universities of Fribourg (Switzerland) and Salzburg (Austria). The papers deal with total social phenomena - illusion, mystification, manipulation, contortion, mis-recognition, lying, fraud, etc. They are thus uneasy practices which are nevertheless frequent in any given society and field, and which therefore pattern and impress the social life of individuals, communities, and groups. The contributions aim to show the functional logic and also the normality/normalcy of factual life.

ALLESCH, CHRISTIAN G.: Der Freiheit wildes Lied: Freiheitslieder als Geschichtskonstruktionen [The wild song of freedom: Songs of freedom as constructions of history]

GIORDANO, CHRISTIAN: Feindliche Geschichte und scheiternde Staatlichkeit. Erfahrungsräume und Erwartungshorizonte in Gesellschaften des öffentlichen Misstrauens [Hostile history and defeated statehoood. Spaces of experience and horizons of expectation in societies of public mistrust]

KRAMMER, REINHARD: Nationale Amnesie und die Strategien des Geschichtsunterrichts. Ein österreichischer Sachverhalt [National amnesia and the strategies of history classes]

METZGER, FRANZISKA: Entangled discourses of scientificity. Zur Konstruktion der Geschichte als Wissenschaft in der katholischen Kommunikationsgemeinschaft des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts [On the construction of history as science in the Catholic communication community of the 19th and early 20the centuries]

PATRY, JEAN-LUC: Des Kaisers immer wieder neue Kleider. Über das Finden und Vergessen von Theorien zur Situationsspezifität in der psychologischen Forschung [The emperor”s ever new clothes. On finding and forgetting of theories on situational specifity in psychological research]

RÜEGG, FRAN‚ÄöOIS:  Ethnicisation of poverty: poverty of ethnicisation. The Roma in Eastern Europe

STOETTINGER, ELISABETH: Oral History - Wahre Erinnerung oder Konfabulation? Validität und Reliabilität von Zeitzeugenberichten aus psychologischer Sicht [Oral history - True recollection or confabulation? Validity and reliability of time witnesses from a psychological perspective]

WEICHLEIN, SIEGFRIED: Die Verlierer der Geschichte. Zu einem Theorem Carl Schmitts [The losers of history. On a theorem of Carl Schmitt]

WEYRINGER, SIEGLINDE: Revolutionen und ihre Trügereien [Revolutions and their fallacies]

GÖBEL, ANDREAS

,Kultur", Wissenschaft und die Tradition der Kultursoziologie 

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:69-90

Keywords: culture, sociology of culture, Tenbruck, F., knowledge production

 

“Culture”, science, and the tradition of the sociology of culture

##The article discusses the chances and possibilities of profiling a new form of cultural sociology in referring to a normative concept of culture. Recognizing the old tradition of German cultural sociology in the work of Friedrich Tenbruck one can see the constraints of the 'nomoi' and 'illusiones' of the scientific field of knowledge production which can't be ignored by a new cultural sociology. In consequence, cultural sociology has to be based upon a sort of self-reflection in the way of sociology of science.##

 

 

 

GOTTOWIK, VOLKER, HOLGER JEBENS & EDITHA PLATTE (Eds.)

Zwischen Aneignung und Verfremdung. Ethnologische Gratwanderungen. Festschrift für Karl-Heinz Kohl

Frankfurt/M.: Campus Verlag 2009

Keywords: festschrift K.H. Kohl, Kohl, K.H., alterity and appropriation, appropriation of culture(s)

 

Between appropriation and alienation. Anthropological tightrope walks. Festschrift for Karl-Heinz Kohl

This festschrift celebrates the 60th birthday of K.H. Kohl in 34 papers. They are grouped under five headings: history; culture, theory and method; religion; ethnography; and the arts, media, photography. The motto is that the Other can be described only in categories of self, and that ethnography is cultural translation. So the endeavor is a tightrope walk between appropriation/acquisition/adoption and alienation.

 

 

 

GREINER, CLEMENS & WALTRAUD KOKOT (Eds.)

Networks, resources and economic action. Ethnographic case studies in honor of Hartmut Lang

(Kulturanalysen 9)

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2009

352 pp., Euro 39,-; ISBN 3-496-02826-0

Keywords: ethnography and methodology, methodology and ethnography, Lang, H., dispute resolution, compadrazgo, urbanism, housing cooperatives, social capital, resource management, agency, labor division, pastoralism, Rock festivals, elites, social networks

 

##Methodology-based ethnography - qualitative and quantitative alike - is basic to an understanding of anthropology as an empirical social science. The contributions to this "Festschrift" to Hartmut Lang cover a broad range of topics connected to networks, resources and economic action. They are based on ethnographic field work in East and South East Asia, Oceania, Africa, the Americas and Europe, in rural and in urban settings.##

KOKOT, WALTRAUD & CLEMENS GREINER: Introduction: Networks, Resources and Economic Action

AVENARIUS, CHRISTINE B.: Social Networks, Wealth Accumulation, and Dispute Resolution in Rural China

SCHNEGG, MICHAEL & DOUGLAS R. WHITE: Getting Connected: Kinship and Compadrazgo in Rural Tlaxcala, Mexico

GREINER, CLEMENS: Reporting Bias in Support Network Data: A Case Study of Remittances in Namibia

WONNEBERGER, ASTRID: Living in a Village within the City: Social Networks in the Dublin Docklands

GANDELSMAN-TRIER, MIJAL: Constructing Economic and Social Practice: Housing Cooperatives in Montevideo

KOKOT, WALTRAUD: Diaspora as a Resource? Managing Social Capital in the Armenian Community of Sofia, Bulgaria

BOLLIG, MICHAEL: Capturing a Hydrological Revolution: Resource Management and Political Process in Northwestern Namibia

PRÖPPER, MICHAEL: Sawing Kavango Timber Commons: Levels of Action and Agency upon Local Natural Capital

RUSSELL, BERNARD, H., GERY W. RYAN & STEPHEN P. BORGATTI: Green Cognition and Behavior: A Cultural Domain Analysis

FISCHER, HANS: Who Sweeps the Place? Aspects of the Sexual Division of Labor among the Wampar in Papua New Guinea

SCHNEGG, MICHAEL: It's the Combination that Counts: Diversification of Pastoral Livelihoods in Northwestern Namibia

SCHNEIDER, ALBRECHT: Social and Economic Aspects of Pop- and Rock Festivals: From 'A Gathering of the Tribes' to Mass Entertainment

HEINTZE, DIETER: A Matagan at Madine: Economic Sidelights on a New Ireland Tradition

PAULI, JULIA: (Re) Producing an Elite: Fertility, Marriage and Economic Change in Northwest Namibia

BEER, BETTINA: The Use of Cell Phones in the Philippines and Jamaica: Poverty, Economic Strategies and Social Networks

 

 

 

GREVERUS, INA-MARIA

Über die Poesie und die Prosa der Räume

(TRANS. Anthropologische texte 10)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

545 pp., Euro 49.90; ISBN 3-643-10340-6

Keywords: space, theory of space, society and negotiation, negotiating society

 

On the poetry and prose of spaces

This is a collection of papers of several decades presenting a comprehensive overview of Greverus”s anthropology of space - and simultaneously a laboratory  of cultural-anthropological (i.e., Folklore Studies) thought and research in Germany. The author discusses and critiques major scholarly and political discussions on modern societal “development” - from a perspective of creative man who negotiates space and culture with other men.

 

 

 

GREVERUS, INA-MARIA & UTE RITSCHEL (Eds.)

Aesthetics and anthropology

(TRANS. Anthropologische Texte 9)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

288 pp., Euro 39.90; ISBN 3-643-10002-3

Keywords: aesthetics and anthropology, trash people, theater arts, Spurensuche, arts, border studies, dance, performance, forest art, holocaust

 

##"Aesthetics and Anthropology" is a collection of contributions by an international and interdisciplinary team of authors from the fields of anthropology, performance studies, curatorial studies and the arts. The title refers to the paths that lead to the in-betweens and the beyonds of aura and trace in the representation of life that is performed in aesthetic reflexivity. Aesthetic reflexivity refers not only to the authors' attempts at an interdisciplinary encounter with one another, but also to their encounter with the readers, and with the recipients of an intended message in an aesthetic dialogue.

Our approach is innovative in that it looks upon aesthetics as a "topos of the living". We seek to capture the present discourse of ethnographic and aesthetic disciplinary "turns" with the intent of bringing them together in theory and practice. Here, academics and artists approach one another's respective forms of representation in a "Gesamtkunstwerk" of texts and images.

The book presents experimental approaches and interdisciplinary "turns", and hoped-for interactions between anthropologists and artists, and recipients of aesthetic encounters. We believe this is presently the most innovative pathway to interdisciplinary encounters with aesthetics. You, the readers, meet us, the artists and authors of an aesthetic reflexivity. Are we tricksters in an aesthetic turn toward performing life and reflecting performed lives in the in-betweens?##

GREVERUS, INA-MARIA: Aesthetics and Anthropology. Wonderland or: An Unusual Prologue

RAE, PAUL: Tree Duet

GREVERUS, INA-MARIA: Touching Life. Anthropological Encounters with Aesthetics

SCHULT, HA: The Long Breath. The Journey of the Trash People

MARCUS, GEORGE: Traffic in Art and Anthropology: How Fieldwork in Theatre Arts Might inform the Reinvention of Fieldwork in Anthropology

SCHMIDL, MARTIN: Realism Lineup - Artistic Research, Caricature, Ethnographic Turn, Political Art, Spurensuche Research Methods by Artists in the Context of Realism

LAISTER, JUDITH: Acting in Heterotopia. Other, Third and Real Spaces in Public Art and Theory

MÜLLER, HANS-JÜRGEN: Magic Garden Mariposa

HESS, SABINE, REGINA RÖMHILD & PETER SPILLMANN: The Art of Governance - Interdisciplinary Approaches to Studying and Represen-ting the New Border Regime of the European Union

KIRSHENBLATT-GIMBLETT, BARBARA: An Extrospective Autobio-graphy: Painted Memories of a Jewish Childhood in Poland before the Holocaust

WULFF, HELENA: Ways of Watching: Dance Photography, Performance and Aesthetics

RITSCHEL, UTE: Forest Art - A Concept for the Future

ARONS, WENDY et al.: From Mutton to Lamb: Dick's Gourmet Tour - A Collective Travel Journal

BECKMANS, FREDIE: Fredie Beckmans World's Worst Artist

 

 

GRUMMT, DANIEL & PETER HAUSDORF

Zur Soziologie des Pokerspiels. Pokern im Blick der soziologischen Theorie der ,bürgerlichen Gesellschaft”

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:163-196

Keywords: poker, civil society

 

On the sociology of Poker. Playing poker from the perspective of the sociological theory of “civil society”

##The essay at hand endeavours to display the sociological theory of the "bürgerliche Gesellsehaft" ("civil - commercial - critical society"), which hitherto, and to our minds wrongly, has failed to attract a mentionable degree of attention. As it has been designed in order to offer an approach for comprehensively (rather than partially) analysing the present society, the theory's explicatory value shall be given proof of by being applied to the contemporary phenomenon of the card game poker. Paying special attention to its genesis and theoretical constituents, the first part of this essay will be predominantly focused on introducing the sociological theory of the "bürgerliche Gesellschaft", whereupon the second part will be subsequently concerned with the concrete application of the theory presented, thus highlighting the scientific surplus this sociological approach allows for. The essay rests on the assumption that the current vogue of the poker game - the facticity of which also is to be proven in this article - can only be understood by historic-analytically and diagnostically scrutinizing the contemporary society's constitutive principles on both the player and the systemic level. Therefore, this elaboration sees itself a spadework, unveiling, from a sociological point of view, the phenomenon of the poker game as a representative of the existent society. Moreover, this work attempts to erase some white spots from the map of sociological theories by theoretically and practically putting the "bürgerliche Gesellschaft" approach to the test.##

 

 

 

HAFEZ, KAI

Heiliger Krieg und Demokratie. Radikalität und politischer Wandel im islamisch-westlichen Vergleich

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2009

279 pp., Euro 25.80; ISBN 3-8376-1256-1

Keywords: war, holy war, Islam, democracy, radicalism, Islamofascism, Antisemitism, modernity, western modernity, political violence, violence and religion, extremism, terror

Holy war and democracy. Radicalism and political change in Islamic-Western comparison

Hafez asks whether political Islam is a “terrorist” or “fascist” movement. Contrary to this (western) stereotype Hafez attests a central position of political Islam in processes of democratization and modernization - despite all excesses as radical opposition. If this is compared to the (contradictory) political history of western countries one discovers amazing parallels according to the author - and the deep ambivalence of dangers (and chances) of political Islam. The book is divided into three parts: modernity, democracy, and political power/violence. In the first part both Islamic and western forms and ways of thought regarding modernism are dealt with, the democracy part discusses religion and secularism and then the democracy of radicalism. Part Three on political power/violence discusses authoritarianism (Islamofascism, Antisemitism, and modern slavery (illegal refugees working in western countries)), imperialism (of western countries in Near and Middle Eastern countries), and terrorism, where Hafez compares extremism and pacifism and asks whether Islamic terror is “typically Islamic”, what the causes of terrorism are, and the phenomenon of non-violent Islamic resistence (which is ignored in the west). A final chapter concludes on the present situation of Islamic-Western modernity.

 

 

 

HARMS, VOLKER

Ethnographica in Völkerkundemuseen als Ergebnis eines Dialogs zwischen Objektsammlern und Objektproduzenten. Für Erhard Schlesier zum 80. Geburtstag

Baessler-Archiv 57.2009:41-58

Keywords: artifacts, ethnographic artifacts, Schlesier, E., Writing Culture, Tedlock, D., dialogical anthropology, collectors, museums

 

Ethnographical artefacts in anthropological museums as a result of a dialog between collectors and producers. For Erhard Schlesier on the occasion of his 80th birthday

##The author reflects on the "Writing Culture Debate" and advocates adopting one of its more important ideas regarding the documentation of collected ethnographical artifacts, namely, the idea of Dialogical Anthropology, put forth by Dennis Tedlock (1987/1993). Tedlock had asked for the inclusion of a dialogue in his ethnographical publication which had taken place between himself and the subjects of his investigation during fieldwork. In the same way, the author of this article asks for the documentation of a dialogue which had taken place between the collector and a producer of collected ethnographical artifacts during the act of collecting. To a certain degree, the author argues that these dialogues could be reconstructed if the personality of the collector, and the situation in which the collecting act took place, is known. Furthermore, he argues that if the documentation of an ethnographical artifact is seen as belonging to the artifact, the dialogues will in any case influence the function and the meaning of the collected artifacts, thereby converting any artifact into an ethnographical artifact. First, he offers the example of ethnographical artifacts which have been collected non-dialogically - by way of robbery during colonial wars, and comparable situations. Secondly, he offers the example of ethnographical artifacts which have been collected on a massive scale by tourists. In his third example, he describes, in full length, the dialogue which had taken place during the acquisition of an outrigger canoe in the South Seas for an exhibition in a museum of anthropology. He concludes his argument by demanding that not only a dialogue which had taken place during the act of collecting must be documented, but also the historical and social circumstances in which the collector had the dialogue with the producer of an ethnographical artifact.##

 

 

 

HARTUNG, HEIKE & ROBERTA MAIERHOFER (Eds.)

Narratives of Life: Mediating Age

(Aging Studies in Europe 1)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2009

202 pp., Euro 24.90; ISBN 3-8258-1229-4

Keywords: aging, age studies, old age, life cycle, narrative gerontology, gerontology, gender and age, literature and age

 

The contributions in this book present cultural, narrative accounts of age and aging: There are conceptual and theoretically oriented papers as well as case studies - literary ones (Philip Roth, the literary figure of Faust, Beckett, Pinter, Stoppard), and gender-related topics.

##The prospect of increasing longevity has turned aging and old age into a topic of concern in Western societies. The discourse of age and the proliferation of narrative in contemporary media culture both transgress disciplinary boundaries. Addressing the "narratives of life" from different disciplinary angles this volume aims to explore the scope of a narrative gerontology. Aging and the stories that are told about it or from within are transnational and transcultural phenomena. While aging is thus a universal process, attention is also drawn to the categories of difference that it evokes: Historical, social and cultural differences as well as gender differences.##

 

 

 

HEIDELBERGER, MARTIN

Bildermarkt Nahostkonflikt. Ethnologische Untersuchungen zur Praxis der Kriegsfotografie

(Berliner ethnographische Studien 15)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2008

111 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-8258-1598-1

Keywords: visual anthropology, war photography, photography as commodity, conflict and pictures, Near East conflict, media and conflict

 

The market of Near Eastern war photographs. Anthropological research on the practice of war photography

The author traces the construction and emergence, the “making” of visual war documents, and he analyzes ways of functioning of the market of such pictures which uses and distributes them. By observing and talking with photographers and editors he thus creates a portrait of a sphere of work where social, political, and ethical conflict is the topic. Due to constant change and innovation of media technology this workplace is subject to permanent processes of change. One insight is that the strategic concept of the “market of images in the Near East conflict” consists of photographs becoming mediators and stages which in the end themselves “produce” conflicts because there is a need for ever more dramatic pictures.

 

 

 

HEINZE, THOMAS

Kultursponsoring, Museumsmarketing, Kulturtourismus. Ein Leitfaden für Kulturmanager. 4. Auflage

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

277 pp. Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-531-16635-3

Keywords: culture sponsoring, sponsoring culture, tourism, museum marketing, culture management, management of culture

 

Culture sponsoring, marketing museums, culture tourism. A guidebook for culture managers. 4th edition

This is a book about the foundations of culture management, aiming at university level teaching and research. Perspectives are developed for professionalizing actors in education, culture, and economy. The book thus aims to mediate knowledge in the cultural sciences as well as in business. Its innovative character is in combining these fields - hitherto separate: it was either part of teaching in the arts, cultural sciences, education, humanities, or in economy. It also creates a rather clear image of the culture manager, and foci are cases from culture management practice: culture sponsoring, museum marketing, culture tourism. Exercises going with the text safeguard thorough understanding.

 

 

 

HERMANN, ELFRIEDE, KARIN KLENKE & MICHAEL DICKHARDT (Eds.)

Form, Macht, Differenz. Motive und Felder ethnologischen Forschens

Göttingen: Universitätsverlag 2009

406 pp., Euro 50,-; ISBN 3-940344-80-9

Keywords: Hauser-Schäublin, B., festschrift Hauser-Schäublin, difference and form, power and difference, gender, fieldwork, diversity

 

Form, power, difference. Motifs and fields of anthropological research

This “festschrift” for Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin (University of Göttingen) presents 28 papers. The first section is personal: interviews with persons she met, and photographs; the other sections are subject-related:

-         Form between power and difference - objects and representations;

-         Power between form and difference - political, religious and spatial contexts;

-         Difference between power and form - body and gender;

-         Anthropological field research as practice of difference, power, and form.

So the contributions discuss cultural forms in relations of power, with a focus on difference - whether it is gender studies, the body, material as well as state culture, village studies as well as a globalizing world. From these manifold situations and gradations of influences manifold and complex connections - of diversity - result.

 

 

 

 

 

HESS-LÜTTICH, ERNEST W.B. & ARUPON NATARAJAN (Eds.)

Der Gott der Anderen. Interkulturelle Transformationen religiöser Traditionen

(Cross-cultural communication 15)

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2009

364 pp., Euro 56.50; ISBN 3-631-58341-8

Keywords: religious traditions, literature and religions, texts and religion, fiction and religion, culture and religions

 

The god of the others. Intercultural transformations of religious traditions

From the perspective of cultural studies religions may be understood as systems of meaning generating community. With their help, exchange and communication of common belief and values can be done. Religions emerge from intercultural processes since they feed from various cultural sources and traditions of meaning, and they “migrate” from the “community” of origin to other cultural contexts. “Foreign religions” are adaptively changed and taken over into one”s own cultural practice. Such changes are accompanied and perpetuated by literary texts (literature). The texts lend a linguistic form to processes of the foundation of meaning, and it thus reflects religious ideas. In this way, literature may be seen as a repository of religious ideas conditioned by their epochs and culture-specific changes. The papers in this volume study such changes in a number of authors (Özdamar, Wieland, G. Grass, Mosebach, Eliade, Lessing, P. Levi, Haslinger, T. Al-Hafik, Rückert, Döblin, F. Schlegel, O. Paz, Goethe etc.).

 

 

 

HEUERMANN, HARTMUT

Mythos Religion Ideologie. Kultur- und gesellschaftskritische Essays

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2009

311 pp., Euro 35,-; ISBN 3-631-58821-5

Keywords: religion and myth, myth and ideology, ideology critique, cultural criticism, religion and critique, Enlightenment

 

Myth, religion, ideology. Essays on the critique of culture and society

In a number of essays on cultural criticism Heuermann analyzes and comments on various topics of “western civilization” which according to him are traceable to mythic, religious and/or ideological basic patterns in thought and deed of people. Using a “psychohistorical” method of analysis and critique he uncovers constellations in culture, society, politics - arguing that their deep structural characteristics were built hundreds or thousands of years ago. He sees them as a difficult and burdensome heritage influencing Enlightenment, ressentiments, rivalries, conflict and war.

 

 

 

HILLEBRANDT, FRANK

Praktiken des Tauschens. Zur Soziologie symbolischer Formen der Reziprozität

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

270 pp., Euro 34.90; ISBN 3-531-16040-5

Keywords: exchange, reciprocity, symbolic reciprocity, gift exchange, commodity exchange, Mauss, M., Malinowski, B., L≈Ωvi-Strauss, C., Latour, B., corruption, innovation

 

Practices of exchange. On the sociology of symbolic forms of reciprocity

Starting from the perspective of exchange as being a quasi ominpresent factor in human relations (sociality) which is characterized by simultaneously existing and interacting complex forms of exchange logic the author proposes, from a sociological point of view, to define these “symbolic forms” to develop a qualified, differentiated typology of various forms of practice of exchange (e.g., gift exchange and commodity exchange). He does so by utilizing classical (sociological) theorists such as Mauss, Durkheim, Weber and Simmel, or more recent ones (Luhmann, Goffman, and: Latour), authors between the lines such as Bourdieu, Bataille and postmodern thinkers (Derrida, Baudrillard, or Foucault), but also anthropological thinkers (Malinowski, L≈Ωvi-Strauss, Godelier, and even Elwert or Thurnwald). In a sort of case study Hillebrandt exemplifies the complexity of forms of exchange logic by theoretically analyzing the practice of corruption and the formation of innovation networks.

 

 

 

JEBENS, HOLGER

Zum Verhältnis von Krisentopos und Methodendiskussion in der Ethnologie

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 134.2009:51-78

Keywords: crisis, reflexivity, fieldwork, precariousness in anthropology, participant observation

 

##Talking about crisis and methodology in anthropology

In this paper, the history of anthropology is seen as a history of dangers and threats. Practitioners of the discipline who believe they are in a precarious situation identify themselves with the people with whom they work. In the course of time, the latter have been said to be merely dying out, to be losing their discreteness due to an alleged westernization, or - just like anthropologists - to be marginalized, misrepresented, and pushed into the role of a "cultural other". The identification of anthropologists even comes to a point where they refer to themselves as "strangers". Moreover, out of their supposedly precarious situation, they have been particularly interested in "indigenous crises", that is, in the way such crises are coped with by religious means. However, perceptions of Other and Self have influenced each other not only in the history of the discipline, but also in the field, when social reality, by offering a certain resistance, can force anthropologists to face and modify their preconceived ideas and expectations. In my view, it is precisely this experience which makes participant observation or fieldwork so valuable, and from this perspective there would be ample reason to confront the denounced marginalization and misrepresentation of the discipline with self-consciousness.##

 

 

 

JEBENS, HOLGER

Margaret Mead und Reo Fortune als Ahnen der scientific community

Baessler-Archiv 57.2009:7-24

Keywords: Mead, M., Fortune, R., Mead-Freeman debate

 

Margaret Mead and Reo Fortune as ancestors of the scientific community

##After their joint stay in the Sepik region of what is now Papua New Guinea, Margaret Mead's characterisation of the Mountain Arapesh provoked Reo Fortune's opposition. This disagreement did not have an echo comparable to that of the so-called 'Mead-Freeman debate' and it seemed to have been forgotten until it was taken up in a recent volume of the American Anthropologist. The different positions propagated by the ancestors of the scientific community as well as by their descendants can be interpreted as a form of anthropological self-reflection. Present-day scholars who have contributed to this exercise and who know the Sepik region from firsthand experience tend to agree with Fortune in a more or less explicit way and therefore, I argue, anthropology would be well-advised to hold on to a notion of ethnographic reality as well as to the attempt to approach it by way of participant observation.##

KATH, ROXANA & ANNA-KATHARINA RIEGER (Eds.)

Raum - Landschaft - Territorium. Zur Konstruktion physischer Räume als nomadischer und sesshafter Lebensraum

(Nomaden und Sesshafte 11)

Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag 2009

307 pp., Euro 78,-; ISBN 3-89500-656-2

Keywords: nomadism, sedentarism, space and utilization, utilization of space, construction of space, geography, deserts, arid zones, border studies, landscape construction, Selğūqs, Byzantines, Romans, Islam, periphery, center

 

On the construction of physical spaces as nomadic and sedentary spaces of living

Space - its construction, development and perception are the focus of this volume”s contributions, ranging from geography, Old History, archaeology to anthropology. The authors highlight how physical, natural spaces are changed to become culturally or politically delimitable territories. Contrastive case studies from various regions, cultures, and epochs show the variety of how nomadic and sedentary cultures deal with their “life spaces”.

ZIERDT, MICHAEL: Raum entsteht durch Grenzen oder: topische und chorische Betrachtungsweise in der Geographie [Space emerges through borders, or: topical and choric perspectives in geography]

VETTER, THOMAS: Ausprägung und Nutzung von Grenzräumen am Beispiel einer Wüstenrandregion (Marmarica, Nordwestägypten) [Form and utilization of border areas in the case of a desert bordering region (Mamarica, North West Egypt)]

KLAMMER, OLAF: Differenzierte Ressourcenausstattung an der semiariden Nordwestküste &#196gyptens - nomadische und sesshafte Lebensformen in einem physisch-geographischen Raum [Varied resource prevalence at the semi-arid Egyptian Northwest coast - nomadic and sedentary ways of life in a physical-geographical area]

RIEGER, ANNA-KATHARINA: Archäologie eines ariden Raumes - die Strukturierung einer ressourcenarmen Landschaft durch den Menschen am Beispiel der antiken Marmarica (Nordwestägypten) [Archaeology of an arid space - the structuration of a landscape of poor resources by humans in the case of antique Marmarica (Northwest Egypt)]

STARK, SÖREN: Materielle Raumaneignung und kognitive Konstruktion von landscape - Perspektiven des archäologischen Zugangs am Beispiel einer Feldstudie in Tadžkistan [Material apropriation of space and cognitive construction of landscape - perspectives of the archaeological access in the case of a field study in Tadžkistan]

KATH, ROXANA: Die Stra¬ße als provincia: Die römische Raumerfassung und der Konflikt mit den Musulamii (1. Jh. n. Chr.) [The road as provincia: The Roman appropriation of space and the conflict with Musulamii (1st century AD)]

BRÜGGEMANN, THOMAS: Territorium oder Lebensraum? Asia Minor zwischen Byzantinern und Selğūqen (10.-13. Jh. n. Chr.) [Territory or life space? Asia Minor between Byzantines and Selğūqs (10th to 13th c.]

KOMEY, GUMA KUNDA: Autochthonous identity: its territorial attachment and political expression in claiming communal land in the Nuba Mountains region, Sudan

ILLE, ENRICO: Der Berg Šaybūn und das Gold. Historische Narrative und die Verortung von Ressourcen in den Nuba Mountains (Sudan) [Šaybūn Hill and the gold. Historical narrative and the positioning of resources in the Nuba Mountains (Sudan)]

SCHUBERT, CHARLOTTE: Nomaden in der Peripherie - Nomaden im Zentrum: Die Lokalisierung der Nomaden in griechischen Raumvor-stellungen [Nomads in the periphery - Nomads in the center: The localization of nomads in Greek apprehensions of space]

KATH, ROXANA: Die Kontinuität antiker Raumwahrnehmung und -darstellung am Beispiel der Etymologien Isidors von Sevilla [The continuity of antique perception and depiction of space in the case of the etymologies of Isidore of Seville]

 

 

 

KLÖPFER, CARSTEN

Coping-Prozesse bei HIV/Aids-Patienten aus der Perspektive westlicher und buddhistischer Psychologie

Curare 32.2009:48-63

Keywords: coping processes, Aids and Buddhist psychology, Buddhist psychology, trauma

 

##Coping Processes of HIV/AIDS Patients from the Perspective of Western and Buddhist Psychology

The phenomenon HIV/AIDS revolutionized the medical science, at the same time it puts human beings in their place - regardless of their cultural background -, confronts humans with oneself and sometimes with its powerlessness and finite nature. That concerns not only the missing medical cure up to now, but the individual and social coping process of a disease which can hit anybody. The trauma of being HIV positive is determined by the threat of the physical, social and psychosocial existence and involves serious changes in almost all areas of life. Coping, which means the sum of all mechanisms in order to deal with traumatic experiences describes a process of adaptation occurrences which requires a modification of the hierarchical structure of the concept of self and relationship with others (see KAECHELE & STEFFENS 1988). The article describes this psychological dynamic with the help of influential factors of coping with an HIV infection from the perspective of Western Psychology. Alternatively Buddhist Psychology, which sees the individual reflection on the inevitable laws of life like illness and death as an indispensable prerequisite for inner balance, pursues the abolishment of inner psychological dependence and therefore the termination of suffering. This view will be described afterwards in order to finally ask for common and different features.##

 

 

 

KLUGE, ULRIKE

Georges Devereux: Ein Wegbereiter der Transkulturellen Psychiatrie auf einer Reise zwischen den wissenschaftlichen Welten. Editorial

Curare 32.2009:163-172

Keywords: Devereux, G., ethno-psychoanalysis, psychoanalysis, transcultural psychiatry, transcultural psychiatry

 

##Georges Devereux: A Pioneer of Transcultural Psychiatry and Wanderer Between the Scientific Worlds

This issue continues the trialogue between Culture, medicine and psychology, that has been started within the first Curare issue of this year. Whilst the first issue focussed on the dialogue of anthropology and psychology the second one concentrates on Georges Devereux and one of his main theses. This is the complementary approach of anthropology, resp. social and cultural sciences and psychology, resp. psychoanalysis to a studied object and at the same time to the requested self-reflection of the exploring subject. While speaking about Georges Devereux we are talking about the founder of ethnopsychoanalysis and a pioneer of ethnopsychiatry. This will leed us to the development of the fields of transcultural psychiatry and intercultural psychotherapy which disclose new interdisciplinary areas for medicine as well as for psychology.##

 

 

 

 

KNEER, GEORG

Jenseits von Realismus und Antirealismus. Eine Verteidigung des Sozial-konstruktivismus gegenüber seinen postkonstruktivistischen Kritikern

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38.2009:5-25

Keywords: realism, anti-Realism, social constructivism, neo-pragmatism, post-constructivism, constructivism

 

##Beyond Realism and Anti-Realism: A Defense of Social Constructivism against its Post-Constructivist Critics

For some years, social constructivism has been confronted with a range of basic caveats and objections. From the point of view of the critics, the concept of a "Social construction of reality" has proved to be an unattractive variation of anti-realism that acknowledges the right of social things to exist, but does so at the price of denying non-social entities the right to their own reality. This article attempts to rebut this line of criticism. Using the example of the sociology of scientific knowledge, it argues that social constructivism follows an empirical research program that pursues the question as to which interpretations of reality achieve social commitment. The paper argues, with regard to considerations of neo-pragmatism and analytical language philosophy, that the social constructivist sociology of science takes a theoretical position that maintains distance from the premises of both realism and anti-realism even though many of its advocates have opted explicitly for one of the two sides.##

 

 

 

KNEITZ, PETER

Homo socialis in Schwierigkeiten. Befund und kulturtheoretische Perspek-tiven

Anthropos 104.2009:131-159

Keywords: homo socialis, socialization, modern socialization, Occident, social crisis

 

The homo socialis in difficulties. Findings and cultural-theoretical perspectives

##The author discusses the importance of socialisation in cultural terms, in particular for the understanding of modernity. A closer took at major psychosocial conditions of human development during the first years of life, and at those features which have become the typical mode of socialisation in modern society, hints towards a silent trend towards incompleteness. It is argued that such disregard of an existential level of individual experience is related to those many symptoms of social crisis and alienation which typically accompany modernity. But socialisation means not only a construction of personality in social but also in cultural terms. In consequence, the particularities of modern socialisation should have profound relevance for the production of cultural concepts as well, leading to new insights into cultural developments at the very heart of the Occident and its successor, modernity.##

 

 

 

KNÖRR, JACQUELINE

Postkoloniale Kreolität versus koloniale Kreolisierung

Paideuma 55.2009:93-115

Keywords: creoles, creolization, colonial creolization, postcolonial creoles

 

Postcolonial creolity vs. colonial creolization

Knörr discusses the notion of creole and its “derivates”, indiginization and ethnization as criteria for creolization, and she pleads for an analytical-comparatie definition of the term. Furthermore, creole continuity versus a (post-)creole continuum and creolization vs. Pidginization are discussed.

 

 

 

KOCH, GERTRAUD

A second life? An inquiry into the day-to-day life of a virtual world

Zeitschrift für Volkskunde 105.2009:215-232

Keywords: virtual world, “Second Life”, avatar, cyborg

 

##The virtual three-dimensional world “Second Life" promises an alternative space of living providing new opportunities for experiences, friends and identity. This paper follows the metaphorical play with the new options for personhood asking “what regimes of living" are established in the World of Second Life and how they relate to the actual life-world. The phenomenological idea of the “life-world" is challenged in Second Life conceptual from two sides. Not only it is to be discussed what life-world could mean when it is translocated into virtual environments, also the technological mediation of the experiences needs to become subject of reflection. Conceptualizing this mediation by following a post-phenomenological approach thus the structure of the virtual world “Second Life" is explored. Life-worlds only can be experienced from a subject position and therefore are bound on bodily action, no matter if virtual or actual. This is why the figure of the avatar, as a telematic cyborg and a virtual representation of the human body, obtains a central role in the research of virtual worlds. It is the only opportunity to access three-dimensional telematic environments. Here the avatar functions as an interface and as a medium of interaction at the same time. By exploring the phenomenology of this virtual figure and its central role in Second Life the structures of the virtual life-world are outlined. Furthermore the “regime of living" in this setting can be observed as diverse but also as abounded from daily life.##

 

 

 

KOCH, GERTRAUD & AMELIE FRANKE (Eds.)

Kulturelle Vielfalt als Gestaltungsaufgabe. Ethnologische Beiträge aus diversen Praxisfeldern

(Wissen - Kultur - Kommunikation 4)

St. Ingbert: Röhrig Universitätsverlag 2009

230 pp., Euro 26,-; ISBN 3-86110-461-2

Keywords: cultural variety, diversity, migration, circular migration, schools and anthropology, immigration, military and anthropology

 

Cultural variety as a task for designing. Anthropological contributions to various fields of practice

This book is based on a workshop entitled “Interkulturelle Kompetenz in wirtschaftlichen, politischen und gesellschaftlichen Praxisfeldern” at the Zeppelin University, Friedrichshafen in 2007.

KOCH, GERTRAUD & AMELIE FRANKE: Ethnologische Kompetenzen in interkulturellen Praxisfeldern [Anthropological competence in intercultural fields of practice]

SÖKEFELD, MARTIN: Ethnologie und interkulturelle Kommunikation [Anthropology and intercultural communication]

EADE, JOHN & MICHAL GARAPICH: Roots and Routes. Permanent Settlement and circular Migration in the EU

MÜLLER, ULRIKE: Partizipation und Stadtgesellsehaft. Ethnographische Forschung und Beratung im interkulturellen kommunalen Kontext [Participation and urban society. Ethnographic research and counseling in intercultural communal contexts]

TIETMEYER, ELISABETH: Ethnologisch-kulturhistorische Museen als Orte interkultureller Kommunikation [Ethnological-cultural historical museums as locations of intercultural communication]

BERTELS, URSULA & SANDRA DE VRIES: Eine praktische Anwendung von ethnologischem Wissen. Der Verein Ethnologie in Schule und Erwachsenenbildung (ESE) e.V. [A practical application of anthropological knowledge: the organization Anthropology in Schools and Adult Education]

LAVIZIANO, ALEXANDER: Die Writing Culture-Debatte: Denkanstö¬ße für die Soziale Arbeit in der Einwanderungsgesellschaft [The Writing Culture-Debate: Thought-provoking for social work in immigration societies]

LANIK, MONIKA: Kulturelles Kapital im Einsatz. Ethnologie und interkulturelle Kompetenz in der Bundeswehr [Anthropology and intercultural competence in the Bundeswehr]

GRATZ, KATRIN: Globalisierung gegen interkulturelle Kompetenz? Ethnologische Expertise in der Wirtschaft [Globalization contra intercultural competence?]

KOCH, GERTRAUD: Zur Spezifik ethnologischer Beiträge in der interkulturellen Kommunikation [On the specificity of anthropological contributions in intercultural communication]

 

 

 

KÖLLING, ANNA

Weibliche Genitalverstümmelung im Diskurs. Exemplarische Analysen zu Erscheinungsformen, Begründungsmustern und Bekämpfungsstrategien

(Reform und Innovation. Beiträge pädagogischer Forschung 10)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2008

97 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-8258-1821-0

Keywords: genital mutilation, female genital mutilation, clitoridectomy, masturbation

 

The discourse on female genital mutilation. Exemplary analyses on phenomenology, patterns of legitimation, and combatting mutilation

From a western perspective, female genital mutilation is often seen as a barbaric custom which is connected with the backwardness of the respective region. Accordingly it is assumed that the mutilation of female genitalia is practiced neither in Europe nor the USA. Following Foucauldian discourse analysis the author describes reasons for this practice and arguments of their opponents, exemplified in the case of Egypt. The book also includes the history of female genital mutilation in Europe and the USA, and this practice has been legitimized - which allows for constructing interesting parallels with the current Egyptian situation.

 

KOLLEWE, CAROLIN & KARSTEN JAHNKE (Eds.)

FaltenReich. Vom &#196lterwerden in der Welt. Begleitbuch zur Sonderausstellung im GRASSI Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig vom 19.3. bis 4.10. 2009

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2009

190 pp., Euro 17.90; ISBN 3-496-01408-9

Keywords: age, aging, exhibition of aging, ancestor masks, old age

 

Wrinkles. On getting older in the world. Catalog of the exhibition at the GRASSI Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig vom 19.3. bis 4.10. 2009

This exhibition catalog asks: what does the word “old” mean? And what does it mean to be old in Germany, China, or India? The exhibition shows objects from various parts of the world: ancestor masks, rejuvenation items, pictures of family members etc., culturally compared. Thus, differences and commonalities in the mediation of young and old become visible. A dozen short papers by anthropologists provide contexts to the various sections of the exhibition.

 

 

 

KURT, RONALD

Indien und Europa. Ein kultur- und musiksoziologischer Verstehens-versuch

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2009

215 pp., 1 DVD, Euro 29.80; ISBN 3-8376-1340-7

Keywords: music of India, understanding Indian music, comparing music traditions, intercultural understanding

 

India and Europe. A cultural and music-sociological attempt at understanding

The author deplores that Indian music is still alien to European ears, and he opines that Indian music can facilitate comparison that enables Europeans understand Indian as well as their own culture(s). Using music as the medium of comparison the author reconstructs the cultural foundations of social relations from which Indians and Europeans attribute meaning to sounds (of music). The focus is on North Indian and European classical music, the typical Indian form of relationship of the succession of teacher and pupil (guru shishya parampara), and the intercultural teaching and learning of classical Indian music. The book includes a DVD showing three documentaries: 1.Be a medium. Teaching and learning Indian classical music; 2. Indian music - European music. An intercultural project of learning and teaching; 3. A specimen of music: Raga Jog.

 

 

 

LEPENIES, PHILIPP H. 

Wie erklärt sich kollektives Handeln? Der Social Capital-Ansatz und eine alternative Theorie für fehlendes Freifahren

Leviathan 37.2009:144-159

Keywords: collective action, social capital, Putnam, R., free-riding, Hirschman, A.

 

##Explaining collective action. Putnam's social capital approach at 15 - and an alternative theory of non-free-riding

##Why are some countries developed, others not? How come democracy functions better in some places than in others? 15 years ago, Robert Putnam's social capital approach provided a seminal explanation. The theory also claimed to solve one of the biggest puzzles of orthodox economic theory: How can collective action and a lack of free-riding be accounted for? For Putnam, free-riding is successfully spurned wherever aggregate social capital is strong. This article highlights this "economic" aspect of Putnam's concept. It shows, however, that the approach fell short when it came to explain collective action and the lack of free-riding at the individual level. With arguments set forth by Albert O. Hirschman, an alternative explanation for free-riding is considered that answers some of the questions left open by Putnam”s social capital theory.##

 

 

 

LOHMANN, NIKE

Mikrofinanz in Entwicklungsländern - Hilfe für die Armen? Eine norma-tive Betrachtung

(Spektrum 102)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

428 pp., Euro 39.90; ISBN 3-643-10198-3

Keywords: microfinance, Sen, A., poverty reduction, development and microfinance, NGOs and microfinance, women and microfinance, empowerment, norms and microfinance

 

Microfinance in developing countries - assistence for the poor? A normative study

Lohmann applies the Capability Approach of Amartya Sen and asks how microfinance can help the poor in creating better living circumstances and chances for development. She raises three questions: why people should be assisted with microfinance; what is microfinance today; and how does microfinance affect the target population and ist capabilities? This includes discussing (ethical) norms involved. To analyze this Lohmann discusses the roles of various actors in this field. Effects of microfinance on targeted people are presented, and empirical results of studies are considered.

Lohmann considers empirical studies on microfinance as insufficient/ inadequate so far - and the possible results of microfinance on the financial development of people are manifold: Most obvious they are among the economically active poor already earning some income, but even the very poor might profit from microfinance under certain circumstances.

 

 

 

MENSE-PETERMANN, URSULA & MATTHIAS KLEMM

Der “Globalmanager" als neuer Managertypus? Eine Fallstudie zu Trans-nationalisierungsprozessen im Management

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38.2009:477-493

Keywords: managers, transnationalization of managers, manager norms

 

##The “Global Manager" as a New Manager Type? A Case Study on the Transnationalization of Management

Starting from the "strong" theses put forward by the American management literature postulating the emergence of a new manager type - the global manager - and of a transnational elite among such global managers ("World Class", Kanter 1995) this article analyzes processes of transnationalization of management on the organizational level focusing on global assignments of middle managers. Building on the case of the Volkswagen Corporation, the relationship is discussed between the normative “Leitbild” (guiding concept) of the global manager and the empirically observable processes of transnationalization of management. It is shown that the “Leitbild” of the global manager postulated by the American business literature is accepted by the organization; however this is done in the form of talk (Brunsson 1989). We argue that this talk has consequences for the processes of transnationalization of management, but does not lead to the emergence of an integrated elite in the sense suggested Kanter.##

 

 

MEYER, CHRISTIAN & NIKOLAUS SCHAREIKA

Neoklassische Feldforschung: Die mikroskopische Untersuchung sozialer Ereignisse als ethnographische Methode

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 134.2009:79-102

Keywords: neoclassical fieldwork, microscopic analysis, ethnographic method, fieldwork, practice theory, dualism

 

##Neoclassical fieldwork: the microscopic analysis of social events as ethnographic method

The article addresses the question of how to methodologically operationalize a practice theoretical approach to culture and society. The principles of the classical Malinowskian fieldwork provide appropriate means to start with: long-term stay in the field, the acquisition of language skills, participant observation, and a microscopic perspective. However, in order to fit a non-idealist approach, these principles have to be reconfigured and, especially, freed from the Platonic legacy that is partly inherent in Malinowski's notion of scientific data. This notion implies at some points a dualism between reality and its representation and therefore conceives ethnographically described "culture" as a conceptual model for social reality. As we advance, with its method of ethnographic fieldwork social anthropology disposes of a powerful tool to precisely reverse this perspective. For it is the particular strength of ethnographic fieldwork to observe and witness social and cultural life in the very moments of its realization as social events. Current technologies make it much easier to record and subsequently analyze social events not only by ex post facto reconstruction (e. g. through interviews), but by following the immediate courses they have taken in situ and in real time. This potential of ethnographic research, in our regard, has not yet been sufficiently taken into account and exploited.##

 

 

 

MOEBIUS, STEPHAN 

Die elementaren (Fremd-)Erfahrungen der Gabe. Sozialtheoretische Implikationen von Marcel Mauss” Kultursoziologie der Besessenheit und des “radikalen Durkheimismus" des Coll¬ège de Sociologie

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:104-126

Keywords: Durkheim, E., Mauss, M., gift theory, possession, reciprocity, action theory, practice theory

 

##The elementary experiences of possession in gift giving. Theoretical implications of Marcel Mauss' sociology of possession and the "radical Durkheimianism" of the Collge de Sociologie

What holds society together? In his famous essay The Gift (1925) Marcel Mauss answers this question. However, as this paper shows, he does so not by formulating something like a theory of reciprocity as was often assumed after Claude L≈Ωvi-Strauss brought forward his structuralist interpretation of Mauss. Instead, the reason why gift practices create obligatory, cohesive social bonds lies in experiences of “being-possessed" and self-transcendence. This assumption is proven by means of a new and detailed reading of Mauss' Essai sur le don as well as by the anti-utilitarian reception of Mauss' work by the Coll¬ège de Sociologie (Georges Bataille, Roger Caillois, Michel Leiris). Overall, Mauss' theory of the gift features important elements of a theory of posession and self-transcendence which focuses on the dimensions of experience and action. This is why one can discern a certain similarity between Mauss' and the pragmatist theory of action. Only against that backdrop the social binding force of gift practices can be explained.##

 

 

 

MOSES, A. DIRK       

Besatzung, Kolonialherrschaft und Widerstand  

Peripherie 29,116.2009:399-424

Keywords: occupation, colonialism, resistance, international law, legitimation of terror, terror, law and legitimacy

 

##Occupation, Colonialism and Resistance: International law and the Legitimation of Terror

This article analyses international law from the early modern period to the present day and, in so doing, it identifies important continuities in the right of states to occupy and colonise non-Europen societies and to crush the ensuing indigenous resistance. Regardless of international laws which aim to protect civilians and limit violence, developed especially in the twentieth century, states have retained the right to disregard humanitarian conside-rations upon claiming ,,states of emergency" or “military necessity", even under the laws of occupation. It is argued therefore, that international law is not a neutral court of appeal for occupied people like the Palestinians as commonly supposed. After tracing the origins of these state-held rights in the work of major legal thinkers, going as far back as Vitoria, the article exemplifies their bias through a look at the Israeli attack on Gaza Palestinians between December 2008 and January 2009.##

 

 

 

MÜLLER, BIRGIT

Comment Rendre Technique un D≈Ωbat Politique. Controverses autour des Biotechnologies Agricoles au Sein de La FAO

Tsantsa 14.2009:27-36

Keywords: agricultural biotechnologies, biotechnology, international institutions, participation, conflict, dipolitization, civil society, transgenic plants

 

##How to Transform a Political Issue into a Technical One: Controversies Concerning Agricultural Biotechnologies at the FAO

This article explores how the dispositif in which the policy guidelines of the FAO are embedded depoliticizes conflicts about property and control provoked by the introduction of transgenic plants. The organisation tries to neutralise the controversies surrounding GMOs by advocating consultation with and the participation of civil society organisations, thereby reducing political controversies to technical problems. What appears at first sight to be the anti-politics of the institution is, however, less its essence than a recurring practice. This practice will be studied “at work” when transgenic plants become the subject of political and economic contention as the first thematic issue of the State of Food and Agriculture 2003/04 focusing on the theme “Agricultural Biotechnologies Meeting the Needs of the Poor?” is produced and published.##

 

 

 

MÜLLER, HANS-PETER

Emile Durkheims Moralpolitik des Individualismus

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:227-247

Keywords: individualism and Durkheim, moral politics, Durkheim and politics

 

##Emile Durkheim and the moral politics of individualism

Emile Durkheim was neither a political scientist nor a political sociologist. His oeuvre though exhibits a political dimension which is not easy to grasp. This article makes the attempt to reconstruct his project of a moral politics of individualism. How is it possible to institutionalize successfully what Durkheim calls moral individualism? Durkheim's project rests upon two pillars: the scientific and scholarly pillar which aims at the establishment of sociology as a scientific discipline at universities. The political pillar which sets out to analyze the socio-structural, institutional, cultural conditions, forms and effects of individualism and the successful socialization of its values which allows to take seriously the rhetoric of the freedom and dignity of human beings in modernity. Durkheim's project is confronted with the traditional images of politics and the social order to delineate the differentia specifica of his moral politics of individualism.##

 

 

 

MÜLLER, MARION

Fu§ball als Paradoxon der Moderne. Zur Bedeutung ethnischer, nationaler und geschlechtlicher Differenzen im Profifu§ball

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

344 pp., Euro 34.90; ISBN 3-531-16608-7

Keywords: football, soccer, gender and soccer, modernism and soccer, professional soccer, nationalism and soccer, stereotypes and soccer

 

Soccer as a paradox of modernity. On the meaning of ethnic, national, and gender differences in professional soccer

Müller analyzes the exceptional “space” of soccer: exceptional rules governing this highly important field of public interest, e.g. procedures diverging from those in everyday life such as special (and privileging) regulations for foreign athletes, the acceptance of ethnic and national stereotypes, questions of gender, which would, in other contexts, have to be legitimized and justified much more. The author historically analyzes questions of this type, and empirically/ethnographically in the case of three major nationwide acclaimed soccer teams. So, the emergence of soccer/football in England and Germany is historically portrayed (following a chapter on “moving the body” in pre-modern European societies), then the invention of nation with the respective complexes of ethnic group, “race”, and the state. Three soccer clubs are described (Mainz, Bielefeld, Wolfsburg), followed by the empirical results (views and functions of the body, achievement, national qualifications in hiring athletes, rules of various kinds pertaining to soccer and the clubs, and finally, gender (sexist stereotyping, legends and stories, androcentrism).

 

 

 

 

 

NEUHAUSER, MARTIN (Ed.)

Religion und Rituale. Akademie Völker und Kulturen 2009

(Akademie Völker und Kulturen. Vortragsreihe 31)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

180 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-10339-0

Keywords: religion and rituals, rituals and religion, temple and bible, sacrificial rituals, secularized world, Catholicism and ritual, tribal religions

 

Religion and rituals. Akademie Völker und Kulturen 2009

The papers of this book are based on a series of lectures at the “Akademie Völker und Kulturen” at St. Augustin, Germany, in 2008/09, aimed as an introduction to cultural and religious aspects of ritual, the historical and anthropological range of human ritual behavior.

LANG, BERNHARD: Der Tempel. Ritual und Kult als Lebensmacht in biblischer Zeit [The temple. Ritual and cult as a force in life in biblical times]

PIEPKE, JOACHIM G.: Der Mensch und seine Opferrituale [Humans and sacrificial rituals]

HÖHN, HANS JOACHIM: Sinn und Sinnlichkeit. Religiöse Symbole und Rituale in einer säkularisierten Welt [Sense and sensuality. Religious symbols and rituals in a secularized world]

SCHNEIDER, MICHAEL: Reichtum und Bedeutung des Rituals in der Ostkirche [Wealth and meaning of rituals in the Orthodox Church]

JASCHINSKI, ECKHARD: Ritual und Christentum. Die Bedeutung des Rituals für den christlichen Glauben aus katholischer Sicht [Ritual and Christianity. The meaning of ritual for Christian belief from a Catholic viewpoint]

AGAN, POLYKARP ULIN: Das Ritualverständnis in den Stammes-religionen Ost-Indonesiens [The meaning of rituals in tribal religions of East Indonesia]

 

 

 

OPP, KARL-DIETER 

Das individualistische Erklärungsprogramm in der Soziologie. Entwick-lung, Stand und Probleme

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38.2009:26-47

Keywords: individualistic research, micro-macro model, value expectancy model, rational action, action theory

 

##The Individualistic Research Program in Sociology. Development, Present State, and Problems

After an account of the beginnings of the individualistic research program (IRP) at the Department of Sociology of the University of Cologne and its later development, an explication of the program is provided. Based on the well-known micro-macro model ("Coleman boat") the possible problems of the IRP are identified and then discussed. In regard to the applied micro- theory it is argued that there are fewer problems if a wide instead of a narrow version of the theory of rational action is applied. If micro-macro relationships (bridge assumptions) are empirical, it is argued that they are singular causal statements (i.e., not laws) and that the micro-theories of the IRP (such as value expectancy theory) can be applied. The article further discusses variants of the micro-macro model and the claim that collective concepts can be reconstructed as properties of individuals.##

 

 

 

PHILIPP, THOMAS 

Gesellschaft und Religion. Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit Haber-mas' Zeitdiagnose der postsäkularen Gesellschaft

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:55-78

Keywords: post-secular society, Habermas, J., religion and postsecularism, secular and post-secular

 

##Society and religion. A critical look at Habermas' diagnosis of the present time of post-secular society

In Haberrnas' well-known speech Faith and knowledge (given on the occasion of accepting the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, 2001) the term "post-secular society" is of key importance. The present article examines the term from the perspective of the sociology of religion, outlining the gradual changes in Habermas' conception of the importance of religion and its plae in society. The value of the term "post-secular" proves to be of very limited value in characterising the present time. Nor is there any improvement to be found in Höhn's suggested linking the terms of "post-secular" and "post-religious". Still, using the term "post-secular society" helps to go beyond some of the intensely narrow views of being secular as favoured by modern societies.##

 

 

 

 

PÖHL, FRIEDRICH & BERNHARD TILG (Eds.)

Franz Boas - Kultur, Sprache, Rasse. Wege einer antirassistischen Anthropologie

(Ethnologie. Forschung und Wissenschaft 19)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2009

151 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-50003-8

Keywords: Boas, F., Chinook, Inuit, ethics

 

Franz Boas - culture, language, race. Pathways of an anti-racist anthro-pology

The contributions to this book were inspired by several factors: The editors received grants from the American Philosophical Society where Boas” unedited writings are stored, his 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2008, among others in his native town of Minden, Germany, were a number of activities took place. So this book is one more manifestation to honor Boas.

PÖHL, FRIEDRICH: Einleitung [Introduction]

GIRTLER, ROLAND: Franz Boas - Burschenschafter und Schwiegersohn [Franz Boas - Fraternity member and son-in-law]

MÜLLER-WILLE, LUDGER: Franz Boas und seine Forschungen bei den Inuit [Franz Boas and his research among the Inuit]

PÖHL, FRIEDRICH: Franz Boas: Feldforschung und Ethik [Franz Boas: Fieldwork and ethics]

LANG, GEORGE: Boas, Chinook Jargon, Q”ilti and the Chinookan poetic legacy

TILG, BERNHARD: Gegen den Strom der Zeit [Against the current of time]

BAKER, LEE D.: The location of Franz Boas within the African-American struggle

LANGENK&#196MPER, JÜRGEN: “Ich fuerchte nur, wir verstehen einander nicht” [“I only fear we do not understand each other]

 

 

 

PREISSING, SIGRUN

Tauschen - Schenken - Geld? Ökonomische und gesellschaftliche Gegen-entwürfe

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2009

214 pp., Euro 22.90; ISBN 3-496-02828-4

Keywords: exchange, gift and exchange, money, capitalism critique, Tolai, cr≈Ωdito, alternative economies, economy, ecology, sustainable economy, crisis of capitalism

 

Exchanging - giving gifts - money? Economic and societal alternative drafts

Today, many people experiment with new ways of life and economic alternatives. Some of these are reported by Preissing: forms of gifting, of exchange, and complementing currencies: such as the traditional shell money of the Tolai in Papua New Guinea, and the Argentinian cr≈Ωdito. Against the background of anthropological exchange theory and critique of capitalism Preissing deals with the following questions: Which factors enhance the stability of alternative economic models? And is it possible to generate new societal concepts starting from these experiments, concepts that are socially and ecologically sustainable and which are interwoven with new forms of transaction? She starts from the problem of the financial crisis since 2008 and contemplates alternative currencies, exchange, and gift (exchange). Then, types of money and exchange systems are introduced and discussed theoretically. Other chapters are dedicated to taboo (the shell money of the Tolai) and the Argentinian Cr≈Ωdito - and both are compared. The final chapter discusses alternative economic systems and the crisis of capitalism.

 

 

 

RANDERIA, SHALINI & ANDREAS ECKERT (Eds.)

Vom Imperialismus zum Empire. Nicht-westliche Perspektiven auf Globali-sierung

(Edition Suhrkamp 2548)

Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp Verlag 2009

340 pp., Euro 14,-; ISBN 3-518-12548-9

Keywords: imperialism, empire, globalization, corruption, civil society, law and transnationalization

 

From imperialism to empire. Non-western perspectives on globalization

Of the ten papers in this book four are original contributions, the others are previously published translations of papers on this topic (by Frederick Cooper, Kevin C. Dunn, Teivo Teivainen, Timothy Mitchell, Robert Wade, and Nancy Scheper-Hughes). The four original contributions are:

ECKERT, ANDREAS & SHALINI RANDERIA: Geteilte Globalisierung [Divided globalization]

KRASTEV, IVAN: Die Obsession mit Transparenz. Der Washington-Konsens zur Korruption [The obsession with transparence. The Washington consensus on corruption]

RANDERIA, SHALINI: Transnationalisierung des Rechts und der “listige Staat” in Indien: zivilgesellschaftlicher Widerstand gegen die Privatisierung öffentlicher Güter [Transnationalization of law and the “cunning state” in India: civil-societal resistence against the privatization of public goods]

NGUYEN, VINH-KIM: Antiretrovirale Globalisierung. Biopolitik und therapeutische Bürgerschaft [Anti-retroviral globalization. Biopolitics and therapeutic citizenship]

 

 

 

RIEKEN, BERND

Volkskunde und Psychologie. Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede

Curare 32.2009:18-22

Keywords: Folklore Studies, psychology and anthropology, psychoanalysis, European Ethnology

 

##Folklore and Psychology. What is Common, what is Different?

When folklore was established in the first half of 20st century as an academic study, psychology was an accepted method. Since the rejection of the traditional point of view at the end of the 1960s, conditioned by the "cultural turn", the influence of psychology is reduced. An important reason is the supposed or real Essentialism of psychological currents in relation to cultural relativistic positions in the modern folklore or European Ethnology. From there only relatively few contributions, which draw from psychological knowledge use for the folklore, exist. But there are substantial common interests between both sciences, i.e. the interpreting view on the ordinary and allegedly banal one and with the fact connected that there is often texts about the everyday life, which experiences an interpretation for example in the telling research and in psychoanalysis.##

 

 

 

RIEKEN, BERND

Wertvorstellungen der Aufklärung und Romantik als ideengeschichtliche Grundlagen der Psychoanalyse

Curare 32.2009:231-236

Keywords: Enlightenment values, German Romanticism, Romanticism, psychoanalysis, ethno-psychoanalysis, Kant, I.

 

##Enlightenment and German Romanticism. On the Origin of Respon-sibility as Value in Today's Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

This article uses Immanuel Kant's famous definition of Enlightenment and links it to psychoanalysis. The author seeks to show that there is yet another source of psychoanalysis: German Romanticism. The author argues that the combination of romanticist thinking with the Enlightenment balances our understanding of psychoanalysis.##

 

 

 

RITTER, MARTINA

Die Dynamik von Privatheit und Öffentlichkeit in modernen Gesell-schaften

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2008

139 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-531-14649-2

Keywords: privacy and public, public and privacy

 

The dynamics of privacy and public in modern societies

The public sphere is recurrently debated as a democratic ideal, or as a declining characteristic of late-modern societies, while the private sphere is still treated as a residual category in political and theoretical discussions, or is cherished as an undefined refuge of happiness. The feminist discussion however shows that the private sphere needs to be integrated into the theoretical debate as a central part of social order and political processes. Ritter reflects the feminist and democracy-theoretical debate and presents a notion of the Private aiming at the dynamic relationship of private worlds and temporary, associative public spheres. In doing so, a concept of the subject of the Public and the Private is generated which should satisfy the entanglement of private and public-political patterns of interpretation in late-modern societies.

 

 

 

RÖSSEL, JÖRG & KATHI BROMBERGER

Strukturiert kulturelles Kapital auch den Konsum von Populärkultur?

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38.2009:494-512

Keywords: Bourdieu, P., taste and popular culture, popular culture and taste, media, cultural capital, cultural reproduction, film taste

 

## Is the Consumption of Popular Culture Structured by Cultural Capital as well?

Pierre Bourdieu”s theory of the cultural reproduction of class structures has been discussed and criticized heavily: on the one hand because of its strong focus on the importance of high-brow culture and, on the other hand because the existence of class-specific differences in art reception has been questioned. Bourdieu”s theory of art perception stands at the center of this discussion. Consequently, this paper sketches this part of his approach in the context of the more general theory of cultural reproduction of class structures. On this theoretical basis precise hypotheses are developed on the importance of cultural capital for film taste and film reception, as typical examples taken from popular culture. Subsequently, the relevance of the two main points of criticism with respect to Bourdieu”s theory is tested empirically by means of a survey of cinema audiences.##

 

 

 

SCHELNBERGER, ANTONIA

Vom Nordrand der Welt: Die Sammlung Henry G. Bryant im Linden-Museum Stuttgart

Tribus 58.2009:97-110

Keywords: Henry G. Bryant Collection, collection of H.G. Bryant, Bryant, H.G.

 

From the northern edge of the world: The Henry G. Bryant collection at the Linden-Museum, Stuttgart

The 30 objects originate from Alaska (16, plus 4 from Yakutat Bay and Dry Bay) and northeastern Greenland (10) and have been collected by the US-American geographer and researcher Bryant at the end of the 19th century, and acquired in exchange with the United States National Museum. The cultural context is portrayed in the article, and there are seven color photographs of objects.

 

 

 

SCHETSCHE, MICHAEL et al.

Der maximal Fremde. Überlegungen zu einer transhumanen Handlungs-theorie

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:469-491

Keywords: alterity, transhuman action theory, action theory

 

##The strangest stranger. Reflections on a trans-human theory of action

The article broadens the previous scope of social and cultural science theories of otherness by postulating the theoretic-analytic border category of the "strangest stranger". This category shall serve various scientific disciplines to identify, reconstruct and understand interactions of humans and non-human actors, such as domesticated and wild animals, robots and aliens, or ghosts, angels and demons. Following a brief overview of contemporary social science theories of othemess the new border category of otherness will be theoretically specified. Subsequently, three practical examples (dolphins in a therapeutic context, aliens in SETI-research, and demons in catholic exorcism) will demonstrate scientific, religious but also secular contexts in which this new category is of analytical importance.##

 

 

 

SCHMUHL, HANS-WALTER (Ed.)

Kulturrelativismus und Antirassismus. Der Anthropologe Franz Boas (1858-1942)

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2009

347 pp., 1 CD, Euro 34.80; ISBN 3-8376-1071-0

Keywords: Boas, F., cultural relativism, relativism, anti-racism, racism, Inuit, Rar‚Ä°muri, Sapir, E., eugenics, rituals, cultural determinism, Sapir, E., “primitive art”, Rar‚Ä°muri

 

Cultural relativism and anti-racism. The anthropologist Franz Boas (1858-1942)

On the occasion of the 150the birthday of Boas scholars met at the University of Bielefeld in 2008 to discuss Boas research - which resulted in the papers of this book.

HIRTE, EDITH: “To See is to Know?” Franz Boas und die amerikanische Anthropologie auf der World's Columbian Exposition [Boas and American anthropology at the World”s Columbian Exposition]

HOLZER, JACQUELINE: Franz Boas, die linguistische Anthropologie und die Sprachenpolitik der US-Regierung [Boas, linguistic anthropology, and the language policy of the US government]

PÖHL, FRIEDRICH: Franz Boas, ein Anwalt der indigenen Kulturen Amerikas? [Boas - an advocate of indigenous cultures of America?]

TILG, BERNHARD: Franz Boas' Stellungnahmen zur Frage der “Rasse” und sein Engagement für die Rechte der Afroamerikaner [Boas”s statements on the question of “race” and his commitment to the rights of Afro-Americans]

HENSEL, SILKE: Immigration und Rassendiskurs in den USA. Der Beitrag Franz Boas' zum Niedergang rassistischer Wissenschaft und Politik [Immigration and racial discourse in the USA. Boas”s contribution to the decline of racist science and politics]

GEULEN, CHRISTIAN: Franz Boas und der Kulturdeterminismus [Boas and cultural determinism]

KUDRASS, EVA: Franz Boas und die kulturgeschichtliche Ethnologie in Deutschland [Boas and cultural-historical anthropology in Germany]

LIPPHARDT, VERONIKA: “Investigation of Biological Changes”. Franz Boas in Kooperation mit deutsch-jüdischen Anthropologen, 1929 - 1940 [Boas cooperating with German-Jewish anthropologists, 1929-1940]

SCHMUHL, HANS-WALTER: Feindbewegungen. Das Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Anthropologie, menschliche Erblehre und Eugenik und seine Auseinandersetzung mit Franz Boas, 1927 - 1942 [The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute for Anthropology, human genetics and eugenics and its dispute with Boas, 1927-1942]

KAUFMANN, DORIS: Die Entdeckung der “primitiven Kunst”. Zur Kulturdiskussion in der amerikanischen Anthropologie um Franz Boas, 1890 - 1940 [Discovering “primitive art”. On the culture debate in American anthropology around Boas, 1890-1940]

BÜHRMANN, MARIO: Sind Rituale das konservative Element einer Kultur? Zum Verhältnis von Ritual(en) und Kultur(en) bei Franz Boas [Are rituals the conservative element in a culture? The relation of ritual(s) and culture(s) in Boas]

MAAS, UTZ: Franz Boas und Edward Sapir. Zur Grundlegung der deskriptiven Sprachwissenschaft [Boas and Sapir. On the foundation of descriptive linguistics]

DEIMEL, CLAUS: Über die Sprechgesänge der Sierra Tarahumara. mapuari bire rar‚Ä°muri machi osa si'nu erega nata raitzama - wie durch Schreiben sich das gesprochene Rar‚Ä°muri verändert [On inflected speech of the Sierra Tarahumara]

MÜLLER-WILLE, LUDGER: Franz Boas' Beitrag zur Ethnologie der Inuit: Methodik und Ansätze zwischen Geographie und Völkerkunde [Boas”s contribution to the anthropology of the Inuit: Methods and approaches between geography and anthropology]

BENDER-WITTMANN, USCHI: Boas in der Provinz: Bericht über eine Ausstellung [Boas in provincial areas: Reporting on an exhibition]

 

 

 

SCHNEIDER, JÖRG 

Vom formulierten Anspruch zur kontrollierten Produktion. Das Ringen der frühen deutschen Ethnologie und Anthropologie um Standardisierung und Vergleichbarkeit fotografischer Aufnahmen

Baessler-Archiv 57.2009:59-74

Keywords: visual anthropology, photographs and standardization, standardization of photographs, Fritsch, G.

 

Attempts by early German anthropologists to standardize/normalize and compare photographs

##Leading protagonists of the nascent scientific disciplines ethnology and anthropology in 19th century Germany such as Adolf Bastian or Gustav Fritsch were much aware of the importance of photography for their work. The camera, so it was understood, meticulously and truthfully recorded what was observed and described thus avoiding the pitfalls of subjective representation through drawing or painting. Principles for the production of standardized and consequently comparable ethnographic and particularly anthropological photographs were made public by Gustav Fritsch in 1872. However, the claim for such photographs was answered neither by Gustav Fritsch's Eingeborene Süd-Afrikas from 1872 nor by two photo albums which were commissioned and produced by the "Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologle und Urgeschichte" and the "Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Erforschung Aequatorial-Afrikas" between 1873 and 1876. Even though there was observably a progress in control and comparability of the photograph over time, Julius Falkenstein as the last of the three producers also failed at his attempt to fully conform to Fritsch's principles. In reality people often bluntly refused to give in to the photographer's request to remove their clothes or to have their body measured. And the latter, on the other hand, did not yet have the means of control and coercion to force their vis-ÀÜ-vis to obey.##

 

 

 

SCHRAGE, DOMINIK

Divergierende Alteritätserfahrungen in der Kultursoziologie. Über-legungen zum Anlass der Diskussion um kulturelle Qualitätskriterien

Sociologia Internationalis 47.2009:91-114

Keywords: alterity, experience of alterity, sociology of culture, cultural sociology, ethnography

 

Diverging experiences of alterity in the sociology of culture. Reflections occasioned by the discussion on quality criteria

##The article takes up the question wether cultural sociology needs cultural quality criteria, a topic which has been discussed during the meeting of the section of cultural sociology at the German Sociology congress in Jena. This question is answered neither positively nor negatively, but is used to map, referring to the expectable and diverging answers, the current positions within the field of current cultural sociology. In that field, which has been influenced by the "cultural turn", views that share the criteria of bourgeois culture are still coexisting with others that rely on a concept of culture based on ethnography and cross-cultural comparison. Instead of distinguishing these positions as "outdated" and "current", following the logic of scientific progress, the article reconstructs their underlying and particular backgrounds of experience and shows how these manifest in different, not fully convertible paradigms of cultural sociology. Such distinctive and paradigm-formative backgrounds of experience come out when we focus on the diverging understandings of cultural alterity, which can be differenciated as the experience of heterogeneity (the other culture) and the experience of heteronomy (the other of culture).##

 

 

 

SCHREIBER, WOLFGANG

Die Aktualität von Georges Devereux für die heutige Suchttherapie - Fallstudien

Curare 32.2009:203-209

Keywords: Devereux, G., manipulation of ethnic symbols, treatment of addiction, reality and dream, ethno-psychoanalysis, ethnic symbols, transference, addiction

 

##Contemporary Uses of Devereux's Theory for Addiction Therapy: Case Studies

In his seminal book "Reality and Dream. Psychotherapy of a Plains Indian" (1969) Georges Devereux develops the use of cultural context for therapeutic work with the patient by a method that can be called "manipulation of ethnic symbols". In his protocols he shows how culturally sanctioned "magic" thinking can be used to initiate symbolic conflict resolution and transference. Using a case of addiction, the author of this article shows how the method of Devereux can be used in a European cultural context nowadays - a context which not at all is free from "supernaturalistic thinking.”##

 

 

 

SCHRÖER, NORBERT

Interkulturelle Kommunikation. Einführung

Essen: Oldib Verlag 2009

136 pp., Euro 12.99; ISBN 3-939556-10-7

Keywords: intercultural communication, communication and hermeneutics, hermeneutics of intercultural communication, alterity and hermeneutics

 

Intercultural communication. Introduction

Intercultural communication is a highly sensitive form of communicative action which led to research mainly dealing with misunderstandings deriving from this action. But due to increasing globalization the question of a possibility of positive intercultural communication arises. The book is an introduction which starts by theoretically discussing the possibility of intercultural communication and thereby constructing and deducting the object for reconstructing intercultural communication processes. Against this background the principle of a scientific reconstruction of intercultural communication contexts is generated. The central point is a hermeneutic interpretation of the Other. Following this, a variant of a methodically controlled, hermeneutic reconstruction of intercultural communication processes is presented.

 

 

 

SCHWINN, THOMAS

Multiple Modernities: Konkurrierende Thesen und offene Fragen. Ein Literaturbericht in konstruktiver Absicht

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38.2009:454-476

Keywords: multiple modernities, neo-modernization theory, structure and culture, culture and structure, capitalism, world systems theory

 

##Multiple Modernities: Competing Theses and Open Questions. A Literature Report with a Constructive Intention

The multiple-modernities approach is developed in confronation with alternative theories and by answering open questions. First, the basic problems of defining different types of modernity will be explained (1). In constrast to the idea of multiple patterns of modernity, neo-modernization theory claims there is a growing similarity between modernized societies. This is based on the model of the fixed interdependencies of modern institutions (2). Furthermore, it is supposed that culture follows structure. That is why the effects of culture on patterns of modernity must be scrutinized in detail (3). World-systems approaches deny the existence of multiple modernities (4). Comparative research on forms of capitalism identifies a so-called Rhine-type of capitalism which cuts across civilizational units. The question arises as to whether variation develops as independent of or as dependent on cultural sources (5). These theoretical insights are used to clarify tacit assumptions within the debate on the entry of Turkey into the EU (6). Finally, open questions requiring further research are enumerated.##

 

 

 

SHAHSHAHANI, SOHEILA (Ed.)

Cities of pilgrimage

(IUAES-Series 4)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

211 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-8258-1618-6

Keywords: pilgrimage, tourism and pilgrimage, sacred and pilgrimage, cemeteries, Catholic pilgrimage, Islamic pilgrimage

 

##Pilgrimage places anthropological works on a privileged platform for religious studies. The origin of built environment sets apart a platform for worship. It contains the dichotomy of life and death, striving towards the spirit of a dead that may or may not be religious. It is a soul searching process, a coming to terms with hopes and disillusions. Human situations in the flow of globalised urban areas draw together primal human search and economic considerations. The sacred and the profane, the belief in miracles and the management of both, necessitate fresh search of urban pilgrimage.##

SHAHSHAHANI, SOHEILA: Introduction and Cities of Pilgrimage in Iran

EADE, JOHN: Reframing Pilgrimage: Contesting the Sacred in a Globalising World

NAS, PETER J.M. & RIVKE JAFFE: Iconic Cities: A Hypercity Perspective on Pilgrimage Sites

MELKOMIAN, LINA: Ceremonies and Pilgrimage Days of Armenian Churches in Jolfa of Isfahan

DAHMARDEH, MASUMEH: Hope and Enthusiasm through Shrines: Introduction to Two Famous Shrines in the Ancient Region of Sistan

NABIEVA, OLIMA: Pilgrimage to the Cemeteries of Chor Bakr (Bukhara) and Shahi Zinda (Samarkand)

TOZZI DI MARCO, ANNA: Cairo's City of the Dead: A Site of Ancient and Contemporary Pilgrimage

SOLTANZADEH, HOSSEIN: Taj Mahal: A Symbolic Site for Pilgrimage

BUSSER, CATHELIJNE DE: Santiago de Compostela: Pilgrimage with(out) Boundaries

MAYER, DANILA: Mariazell: 'Holy Mother Mary, Pray for Us Sinners' Catholic Pilgrimage in Austria

CIAVARDINI, TIZIANA: Night Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Divine Love in Rome

HAGHANI, FAKHRI: The City of Ray and the Holy Shrine of Shah/Hazrat Abdol Azim: History of the Sacred and Secular in Iran through the Dialectic of Space

JANZEN, JORG & THOMAS TARASCHEWSKI: Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia) - A Central Asian City of Pilgrimage

BLAKE, JANET: Towards Ensuring Sustainable Pilgrimage Tourism

 

 

 

SINTOMER, YVES

Emile Durkheim zwischen Republikanismus und deliberativer Demokratie

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:205-226

Keywords: Durkheim, E., politics and Durkheim, democracy and Durkheim, republican theory, civil society, paternalism and Durkheim, public sphere

 

##Emile Durkheim, republicanism and deliberative democracy

Emile Durkheim has written only a few sociological texts on democracy, but they seem to remain important both for neo-republican theories and for the idea of deliberative democracy. The paper tries to explain this paradox through a reconstruction of Durkheim's conception of political democracy, which implies three channels of communication: within the state, between the state and civil society and within civil society. The first one is the only one which rests upon deliberation, in the two meanings of this word in French (collective discussion and decision). The paternalist dimension of Durkheim's conception clearly appears in the way he understands the typical pathologies of democracy. This paternalist dimension is also to be found in neo-republican theories. Conversely, the absence of the notion of public sphere distances Durkheim from the concept of deliberative democracy, even though he develops a non-substantialist notion of democracy and gives an important role to reflection in political communication. However, discussing Durkheim makes it possible to underline some of the problems and challenges which a conception of deliberative democracy has to face.##

 

 

 

 

STAAB, SILKE

Familien, Frauen und “Freiwillige": Die Grenzen unbezahlter Sorgearbeit im entwicklungspolitischen Kontext 

Peripherie 29,114/115.2009:194-214

Keywords: unpaid care, care and payment, development

 

##Families, women and volunteers - the limits of unpaid care in a development context

The past decades have witnessed the emergence of a rich body of literature on the gender dimensions of welfare states, social policy and care. While feminist research on care has made important theoretical, conceptual and empirical contributions, it has also been remarkably “local", focusing mainly on the institutionalized welfare states of the advanced capitalist economies. Given this, many of the trends, issues and policies it has documented are not universal. This article draws on feminist debates in the ,,North" to (re)think care in the ,,South", where states and markets often fail to create the basic conditions for decent livelihoods and care provision. In contexts of widespread poverty and inequality, precarious and informal labour markets, weak state capacity, as well as poor access to social protection and basic infrastructure, households and families assume a disproportionate share of material and social provisioning. The case of Tanzania is used to illustrate how the legacy of health sector restructuring, along with the additional care needs associated with the HIV/AlDs pandemic, are placing an increasingly unmanageable burden on families and so-called 'community volunteers', most of whom are women. It is argued that the residual social policies, emergency programmes and measures aimed at a more equitable distribution between men and women at the household-level are insufficient to address current care deficits. The article closes with a number of policy implications for reducing and redistributing women's care burden in a development context.##

 

 

 

STAPPERT, GISELA

Rolle und Funktion des ethnographischen Bildes von 1869 bis ca. 1920

Paideuma 55.2009:155-177

Keywords: photography, visual anthropology, ethnographic gaze

 

Role and function of the ethnographic image from 1869 to ca. 1920

This article tries to show the complexity and range/variation of historical pictures/photographs - in the field of German ethnography! - which is still largely unedited. This includes photographs, drawings of all kinds, tempera, oil paintings, and their reproduction in scholarly illustrations for books. Thus, Stappert presents material from the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, travelogues, and photography from missionary activity, concluding that this visual material played an important role, and how it should be analyzed.

 

 

 

STRECK, BERNHARD

Deutsche Völkerkunde: Sonderwege des 20. Jahrhunderts

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 134.2009:267-279

Keywords: German anthropology, anthropology in Germany, Gesellschaft für Völkerkunde

 

##German Anthropology. Special ways of the twentieth century

The First World War brought Germany's ambition as a world power participating in the western civilizing mission to an abrupt end. This shock shaped the whole scientific landscape of central Europe, but had special consequences for the disciplines studying overseas conditions as the ethnology (anthropology) of Bastian and Boas. The article follows the foundation steps of the "Gesellschaft für Völkerkunde" after 1929, the willing adaptation to the new challenges of a Versailles revising politics until 1945 and the defiant collection of surviving materials or ideas under the ruins of the Second World War. A change of mind seemed to be possible only after another twenty years, when some young anthropologists were ready to renounce their own tradition in favour of joining the English speaking World Anthropology.##

 

 

 

STREHLE, SAMUEL

Jenseits des Tausches. Karl Marx und die Soziologie der Gabe

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:127-151

Keywords: gift exchange, Marx, K., reciprocity, asymmetry, alienation

 

##Beyond exchange - Karl Marx and the sociology of gift

This paper discusses Karl Marx' theory as a contribution to the sociology of gift, particularly in connection with current approaches to conceptualize giving and receiving “beyond exchange" or reciprocity. Therefore, at first the norm of reciprocity is developed both as a structuring pattern of society and a concept of social justice, while focussing on the question of the origins of the obligation of reciprocity. Its roots are traced back genealogically to the social asymmetry produced by the gift as a performative act, which also shows the latent warlike dimension of the gift-relation. With Marx's critique of alienation, the problematic dimension of reciprocity can be further demonstrated but also - with reference to Marx's excerpts from James Mill”s book "∆íl≈Ωments d'≈Ωconomie politique" (1844) - contrasted with the utopia of a radical separation of gift and countergift. Finally, Marx' contribution to the sociology of gift is summarized and compared to the approaches of Bourdieu, Derrida and Caill≈Ω.##

 

 

 

TERRIER, JEAN

Die Verortung der Gesellschaft: Durkheims Verwendung des Begriffs “Substrat"

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 19.2009:181-204

Keywords: Durkheim, E., “substratum”, collective consciousness, representations, homo duplex, individual and collectivity, society and individual

 

##The location of society: Durkheim's use of the word "substratum"

This article presents and discusses Durkheim's idea that society can be considered as a thing, an object. It shows that this "objective" character immediately begs the question of the location of society, of its position in space. The article detects in Durkheim's work several changes of position, but concludes nonetheless that the sociologist eventually took the social to be "inside us, yet without us": the social consists entirely in representations, but in representations of a specific kind insofar as they are not the product of individual thought and directly constrain it. How, exactly, can the mental life of individuals be taken to be the ultimate location of society? This question is discussed from the perspective of the relationship of society to the material world, i.e., in Durkheim's vocabulary, from the perspective of the "substratum" of society.##

 

 

 

TRUPP,  CLAUDIA & ALEXANDER TRUPP (Eds.)

Ethnotourismus. Interkulturelle Begegnung auf Augenhöhe?

Expansion, Interaktion, Akkulturation 16)

Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag 2009

176 pp., Euro 17.80; ISBN 3-85476-318-5

Keywords: ethnotourism, tourism, equality, Tapati festival, symmetry, asymmetry, colonialism, Himba, hilltribe tourism, discovery voyages

 

Ethnotourism. Intercultural encounters on an equal footing?

OBRECHT, ANDREAS J.: Eroberungs- und Entdeckungsreisen als Wegbereiter des Ethnotourismus? Kulturhistorische und -soziologische Überlegungen zur Konstruktion von “paradiesischen Welten” anhand des Beispiels der Gründung von “La Nouvelle France” [Conquista and voyages of discovery as forerunners of ethnotourism? Cultural historical and sociological reflections on the construction of “paradise worlds” using the case of the foundation of “La Nouvelle France”]

MADER, ELKE: Hinter den Vulkanen. Landschaft, Kultur und Tourismus in Ecuador [Behind the volcanoes. Landscape, culture, and tourism in Ecuador]

HAUSWALD, OLIVER: Tourismus, kulturelle Praxis und das Tapati-Fest auf Rapa Nui (Osterinsel) [Tourism, cultural practice, and the Tapati festival on Rapa Nui, Easter Island]

ROTHFU¬ß, EBERHARD: Interkulturelle Begegnung zwischen Stolz und Scham. Von Kontinuitäten kolonialer und postkolonialer Entdeckungs-reisen zu den Himba ins nordwestliche Namibia [Encounters between pride and shame. On continuities of colonial and postcolonial voyages of discovery to the Himba in Northwestern Namibia]

TRUPP, ALEXANDER: Alle Menschen sind gleich, aber einige sind gleicher. Von asymmetrischen Beziehungen im Hilltribe-Tourismus Südostasiens [All humans are equal, but some are more so. Of asymmetric relationships in the hilltribe tourism of Southeast Asia]

FLACKE-NEUDORFER, CORINNE: Herausforderung Partizipation im Ethnotourismus. Ein Fallbeispiel aus Nordlaos [The challenge of participation in ethnotourism. A case from Northern Laos]

EINZENBERGER, RAINER & PATCHARIN NAWICHAI: Im Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Naturschutz und Tourismus. Die Seeno-maden des Surin Islands Marine National Park [Between environmental protection and tourism. The sea nomads of the Surin Island Marine National Park]

THURNER, INGRID: Bereist. Beforscht. Wissenschaftstourismus als Ethnotourismus [Scholarly tourism as ethnotourism]

 

 

 

 

 

TUIDER, ELISABETH (Ed.)

QuerVerbindungen. Interdisziplinäre Annäherungen an Geschlecht, Sexualität, Ethnizität

(Gender-Diskussion 2)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2008

250 pp., Euro 17.90; ISBN 3-8258-8879-4

Keywords: gender, sexuality and gender, ethnicity and gender, Queer studies, gays, lesbians, Black gays

 

InterConnections. Interdisciplinary approximations to gender, sexuality, ethnicity

The 12 papers in this volume ask how gender, sexuality and ethnicity are conceptualized in various cultures, at different times, and in different discourses. Contributors come from education, political science, history, literary studies, and biology, cultural anthropology, and sociology. Starting point are gender- or sexual non-conformities and resistance representations. The contributions show that gender/sexual identity concepts are in no way self-evident. Rather, constructions of gender, sexuality, and ethnicity are powerful and fragile constructs always referring to each other, crossing each other and interlinking.

 

 

 

VERMEULEN, HAN E.

Von der Empirie zur Theorie: deutschsprachige Ethnographie und Ethnologie von Gerhard Friedrich Müller bis Adolf Bastian (1740-1881)

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 134.2009:253-266

Keywords: anthropology in Germany, history of anthropology, Müller, G.F., Bastian, A., Schlözer, A.L.

 

##From empirical observation to theory: German-speaking Ethnography and Ethnology from Gerhard Friedrich Müller until Adolf Bastian (1740- 1881)

Anthropologists usually assume that ethnology begins with the work of Tylor, Bastian, Morgan, Bachofen, and others in the second half of the nineteenth century. However, a comprehensive ethnography originated in the first half of the eighteenth century during the exploration of the Russian Empire by mostly German-speaking scientists. One founder of ethnography was the historian Gerhard Friedrich Müller who wrote a "Description of Siberian Peoples" and developed historical-critical methods (c. 1740). Müller stimulated scholars to conduct ethnographic research in the Russian Empire. The historian August Ludwig Schlözer turned Müller”s ethnographic programme into a general study of peoples (Völkerkunde). Schlözer introduced the concepts "Ethnographie" and "Völkerkunde" at the University of Göttingen (in 1771 - 1772) and with his teaching influenced many students. In the nineteenth century, ethnography was developed as "particular Völkerkunde" and ethnology as "general Völkerkunde" (Ehrmann 1808). Heinrich Berghaus, Carl Ritter, Gustav Klemm and Theodor Waitz worked on the subject until Adolf Bastian developed ethnology as a theory-oriented science (from 1860 on). Bastian can be seen as the founder of "modern ethnology" in Germany. Nevertheless, the German tradition remained predominantly descriptive, as Friedrich Müller's Allgemeine Ethnographie (Vienna 1873) and Oscar Peschel's Völkerkunde (Leipzig 1874) - the first handbooks before E. B. Tylor”s Anthropology (London 1881) - indicate.##

 

 

 

WEHR, INGRID

Esping-Andersen travels South. Einige kritische Anmerkungen zur vergleichenden Wohlfahrtsregimeforschung

Peripherie 29,114/115.2009:168-193

Keywords: welfare regimes, redistribution, capitalism and welfare

 

##Esping-Andersen travels South: Some Critical Remarks on the Comparative Research on Welfare

Until recently, comparative studies of welfare regimes have mainly been confined to a handful of countries in the North; thus, research on Welfare regimes in the South is a rather new field. The following article presents a critical summary of the major advances and shortcomings of recent studies on welfare regimes in the South, focussing mainly on Latin American examples. Despite efforts to de-centre the comparative research agenda, analyses of welfare regimes outside the OECD-world still suffer from a Euro-centric bias. In the context of a proliferation of typologies based on varieties of Esping-Andersen's three worlds of welfare capitalism, central aspects concerning the political reproduction of social inequality, i.e. power and authority relations, have so far been neglected. In discussing the central characteristics of exclusive and fragmented welfare regimes in Latin America, this article comes to some suggestions which would help to intensify the dialogue between welfare and post-transitional studies and refocus the research agenda on the central topic of redistribution.##

 

WELZ, GISELA

The strength of ethnography

Ethnologia Europaea 39,1.2009:49-53

Keywords: ethnography, comparative approach, multi-sited fieldwork, fieldwork, spatial perspective

 

##With the growing interest of anthropologists in transnational processes and spatial mobility, the local community ceased to be an obvious or “natural” site for fieldwork. Yet, also in so-called “multi-sited research”, basic tenets of the ethnographic method continue to be valid. This commentary engages with the methods employed in the project “Sense of Community”, pointing out that in addition to giving the community study approach a fresh lease on life in ethnology, the project also shares some traits with regional surveys in the social sciences. The commentary concludes that by selecting two regions as research settings, the project also contributes to a revitalization of the comparative approach.##

 

 

 

WIENCKE, MARKUS 

Ethnologie und Psychologie im Dialog. Editorial

Curare 32.2009:3-8

Keywords: psychology and anthropology, anthropology and psychology, medical anthropology

 

##Cultural and Social Anthropology and Psychology in Dialogue. Editorial

This introduction describes possible gateways to further exchange between ethnology and psychology - two scientific disciplines that used to belong together about 100 years ago. The articles reflect the reciprocal influence of both disciplines in theory and practice in the past and present. Ethnographic studies carried out in Australia, Chile, Germany, India, Laos, Malawi, Peru and Thailand investigate illness and recovery within their respective cultural contexts.##

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WILLEMS, HERBERT (Ed.)

Theatralisierung der Gesellschaft. Band 1: Soziologische Theorie und Zeitdiagnose

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

631 pp., Euro 49.90; ISBN 3-531-14922-6

Keywords: performance theory, theater and social sciences, hospices, event culture, Techno, shopping, sacrifice, ritual, everyday culture and performance, Sa, Karaoke, Tango, Goffman, E., Bourdieu, P., lifeworlds and performance

 

Theatricalization of society. Volume 1: Sociological theory and diagnosis of current times

The 30 papers in this book provide the theoretical part of this two-volume work on the influence and applications of performance theory, event and visual culture, stage-setting, image, and the like in the social sciences. The editor sees here a “characteristic bundle” of socio-cultural formations and transformations which affect all levels of societal order, realms, and aspects of being. On the other hand, there seem to be socio-cultural facts pointing to the opposite: de-theatricalization. This first volume deals with social fields (Bourdieu), group cultures, various lifeworlds - politics, sports, religion, sciences, medicine, psychotherapy, the arts, economy, etc. The papers are divided into the Introduction (three papers), everyday and extra-everyday lifeworlds (styles and stylizations, Goffman”s stigma/ identity concept, corporal capital and performances in old age, fashion, the mobile self, knowledge and performance, relationships and performance, intimate relationships, death and sacrifice ritual). The next section, special (group) cultures, deal with: the Sa at Vanuatu, the Sorbs, Tango in Berlin, Techno music, and Karaoke. The section on social fields has papers on: sports, three papers on self-performance in the scientific field, theater, therapy, artificial naturalness, stagesetting shopping, job-related performance, and terrorism as performance.

 

 

 

WILLEMS, HERBERT (Ed.)

Theatralisierung der Gesellschaft. Band 2: Medientheatralität und Medientheatralisierung

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2009

467 pp., Euro 49.90; ISBN 3-531-14921-9

Keywords: performance theory, advertisment, TV duels, Web 2.0, French intellectuals, religion and media, politics and media, economy and media

 

Theatricalization of society. Volume 2: Media theatricality and media theatricalization

This second volume focuses on the “super theater” of the mass media, and the internet as a space of theatricality. The 24 papers in this book are divided into 1) mass media, 2) the internet, and 3) global diagnoses. Two papers introduce the topic and papers, and in the first part case studies present media-relevant processes in various fields, such as current political debates, the self-performance of French intellectuals, media processes in the field of religion, economy (the break-down of the market), advertisement, presentation of women in advertisements, TV, “daily talks”, TV duels, popular personalities in the media, and stars. The internet part deals with theatrical textuality, homepages and image management, the Web 2.0, mimikry of advertisement, and the last part on diagnoses has two papers concentrating on networked civilizational changes and association games, and new trends of polarization in culture and society.

 

 

 

ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR KULTURAUSTAUSCH

Stuttgart: Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen 59.2009

Keywords: leisure time, time, change (USA), adolescents, youth, Islam

 

The individual issues deal with the following topics:

59,1.2009: Menschen von morgen. 17-jährige erzählen aus ihrer Welt [Tomorrow”s people. 17-year olds narrate their world]

59,2.2009: Treffen sich zwei. Westen und Islam [When two people meet. The west and Islam]

59,3.2009: Good morning America. Ein Land wacht auf [The awakening of a country]

59,4.2009: Freie Zeit. Was Menschen tun, wenn sie nichts zu tun haben [Free time. What people do when they don”t have anything to do]

 

 

 

ZOLLER, EVA

Die Bewältigung chronischer Schmerzen im biografischen und kulturellen Lebenszusammenhang - Eindrücke aus Deutschland, Thailand und Australien

Curare 32.2009:84-95

Keywords: pain, chronic pain, coping with pain, lifestyle and pain

 

##Coping with Chronical Pain in a Biographical and Cultural Context -Impressions from Germany, Thailand and Australia

The phenomenon of long term chronic pain diseases which are not closely connected to other severe diseases occurs in different cultures, there are certain differences in the expression of pain and there also seems to be a dependence on economic factors. Long term pain patients in Germany often experience effective coping strategies which are not based on their own culture. First impressions derived from interviews in Germany, Thailand and Australia suggest that a significant change of pain experiences can be achieved by a complete change of life style. Results also suggest the importance of a close and respectful cooperation between traditional and modern medicine.##

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

AFRICA

 

 

 

AMBORN, HERMANN

Flexibel aus Tradition. Burji in &#196thiopien und Kenia. Unter Verwendung der Aufzeichnungen von Helmut Straube. With explanation of some cultural items in English

(&#196thiopistische Forschungen 71)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 2009

327 pp. Euro 64,-; ISBN 3-447-06083-7

Keywords: Burji, Straube, H., gada system, agriculture of Burji, religion of Burji, Kellner, A.

 

Traditionally flexible. Burji in Ethiopia and Kenya, utilizing notes by Helmut Straube. With explanation of some cultural items in English

This is an ethnography of the Burji (area of settlement, social structure, agriculture/economy, the gada system, law, world view, etc.) mainly based on the manuscript of H. Straube.

## While there are several publications on the Burji language, relatively little has been published on the Burji culture. As far as ethnographic information is concerned, the main body of this book consists of the unpublished field notes of the late Helmut Straube, dating from 1955 and 1973/74. Besides representing the situation at those times, he was able to reconstruct the function of the generation-grading system as it was before being overthrown by the Abyssinians. His work with the Burji was followed up to date by the author. Lately, Alexander Kellner's book on Burji oral traditions and myths has been published. Some of his findings are also included here. Thus this book covers a time span reaching from the end of the 19th century up to 2007, but it can only offer some spot lights within a few time-windows...

The Burji people have been able to react versatilely to external economic and political pressure thanks to their specific mode of living by using the manifold potential that are inherent in their culture, developed in earlier times in Southern Ethiopia. Strict codification had no place in their polycephalous social order where institutions and ideas were always in a state of flux because of their exposure to permanent discursive negotiation. This put many Burji in a position to cope with diverse challenges. Burji culture has demonstrated flexibility and adaptability to new and wider sets of socioeconomic conditions and identities.##

 

 

 

BEELER STÜCKLIN, SABRINA

Institutioneller Wandel und Ressourcenkonflikte. Fischerei, Viehzucht und Landwirtschaft im Nigerbinnendelta von Mali

(Topics in African studies 11)

Köln: Köppe Verlag 2009

226 pp., Euro 28,-; ISBN 3-89645-255-9

Keywords: fishery, animal husbandry, agriculture, conflict, resource utilization, Ti≈Ω-Bozo, law and power, violence and conflict, rent-seeking behavior

 

Institutional change and conflict over resources. Fishery, animal husbandry, and agriculture in the Niger inland delta of Mali

The focus of this study are institutional agreements on resource utilization and conflict solution in this area, describing actors and profiteers. This includes resource management, action strategies, conflict transformation, power relations, and agency. This is set in a historical perspective - insofar as it is a useful context for understanding present processes. This is studied in a concrete case: the fishermen village of Gomina (Daga-Womina), inhabited by the Ti≈Ω-Bozo (plus neighboring villages Da‚Ä¢ebe, Missira, Sab≈Ω, Wandiaka) and seasonal resource users. The author shows that resource degradation and conflict mainly occur and persist because of unclear, fuzzy juridical conditions. This situation is kept up since various actors profit from it, it is a form of rent-seeking behavior.  Often, the local elite - officials, traders, chiefs, educated persons do profit, with the poor being excluded, which leads to violent conflict. The study is conceptualized along the lines of New Institutionalism (Ostrom, North, Ensminger, etc.).

 

 

 

BÖCKER, MAIKE

Darfur. Zur Genese eines Konfliktes im Westen der Republik Sudan

(Interethnische Beziehungen und Kulturwandel 67)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

136 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-10430-4

Keywords: conflict, war, ethnicity and conflict, Darfur Conflict

 

Darfur. On the genesis of a conflict in the western Republic of Sudan

Usually, the conflict in the West Sudanese province of Darfur is explained by the dichotomy “Arabs vs. Africans”. Böcker analyzes the conflict using anthropological conflict theory and theories of ethnicity which make the above simplification transparent. Instead, she positions the ethnicity process in a field of interacting ecological, economic, political, and ideological factors. She opines that as long as this network is not focused as the central cause the conflict cannot be solved. Böcker discusses conflict and war theoretically, introduces contexts of Darfur and the Darfur conflict and its repercussions and effects, culminating in the factual construction of the polarized identities of Arabs vs. Africans. The discussion includes the importance of ethnicity in the conflict, theoretical insights and possible future research.

 

 

 

FRESIA, MARION

L”action du Haut Commissariat aux R≈Ωfugi≈Ωs au S≈Ωn≈Ωgal. Entre Souverainet≈Ω Transnationale et Souverainet≈Ωs Locales

Tsantsa 14.2009:17-26

Keywords: UNHCR, asylum, refugees, humanitarianism, power and sovereignty, sovereignty and development, development

 

##The UNHCR's Programme in Senegal: Between Transnational and Local Sovereignties

Beyond the depoliticizing rhetoric on which they are based, humanitarian spaces constitute ideal places to question notions of power and sovereignty and to observe their informal and fragmented dimensions. Through an empirical account of UNHCR's programme in Senegal, the author explores how humanitarian action is based on contradictory dynamics that both reinforce and contest the sovereignty of the nation-state. In this article humanitarian spaces are not described as spaces of control and confinement nor as extra-territorial spaces but rather as new political arenas within which different powers and institutions attempt to reaffirm their authority by drawing on different sources of legitimacy (local, national or international). The observation of such dynamics leads the author to highlight how sovereignty as a stable and unique power remains a profoundly social construction and how processes of domination over displaced populations are not only driven by state interests and logics of containment. ##        

 

FRIEDRICH, VOLKER & GERALD SCHLECHT

Das Geheimnis des Himba-Hirten M. Eine ethnopsychoanalytische Fallgeschichte aus Namibia

Curare 32.2009:189-202

Keywords: psychoanalysis, counter-transference, ethno-psychoanalysis,  Devereux, G., Himba

 

##The Secret of the Himba Herdsman M. An Ethno-psychoanalytical Case Study from Namibia

The reading of Devereux's work will be twofold. In the first section of this article, Volker Friedrich examines interviews conducted with a Himba nomad between 1999 and 2002 using an ethno-psychoanalytical perspective. This herdsman, referred to as M. was the only person with whom the author conducted a sequence of ten psychoanalytical sessions and developed a deep connection, which allowed him to gain particular insights into his life. In the second section of this article, Gerald Schlecht examines the presented transcripts of the sessions using criteria of Georges Devereux.##

 

 

 

FROBENIUS, LEO

Animal husbands, magic horns and water spirits. Folktales from Southern Africa. Vol. I (Introduction, tales); Vol. II (Tales); Vol. III (Appendix) Edited, revised and annotated by SABINE DINSLAGE. With the assistence of VERENA LEBEUS

(Studien zur Kulturkunde 126)

Köln: Köppe Verlag 2009

1283 pp., Euro 148,-; ISBN 3-89645-221-4

Keywords: folktales, tales, Frobenius” narratives, narratives

 

##One of the manifold responsibilities of the Frobenius Institute in Frankfurt is the care and management of the scholarly legacy and life work of the German ethnologist, researcher and founder of the institute, Leo Frobenius. The archives contain nearly all the papers, manuscripts, diaries and notebooks that Frobenius produced during the 12 expeditions - referred to by him as Deutsche Innerafrikanische Forschungs-Expeditionen (or, D.I.A.F.E.) - he conducted between 1904 and 1933...

As a collector of original material he produced valuable historical documents attesting to the diversity of African cultures. But since Frobenius' notes are available only in German and largely in handwritten form, accessibility is greatly impeded and the original manuscripts of only limited use. To meet the demands of international research as well as to accommodate academic inquiries, particularly from non western scholars who in response to the dynamics of globalislation are increasingly exploring their own history and cultural roots, we are endeavouring to find ways to document these valuable archival materials and to make them generally accessible for scholarly use. The present work seeks to take an important step in this direction by compiling the oral literature that Frobenius documented, an important aspect of his research.

The narrative texts Frobenius collected on his ninth expedition that took him into southern Africa, which up until now have been stored in the archives largely untouched and unsystematised in their original, unedited form waiting to be rediscovered, analysed and studied, will in the following be presented in their unabridged, original versions, published and analysed according to a system developed to make these narratives easily accessible for further systematic study and analysis.##

 

 

 

GEBREWOLD, BELACHEW

Ethiopian Nationalism: an Ideology to Transcend all Odds

Africa Spectrum 44,1.2009:79-97

Keywords: nationalism, conflict, border conflict, identity

 

##This paper attempts to show how nationalism has served to transcend political, social, economic and cultural challenges in Ethiopia. Nationalists in Ethiopia have attempted to harness national cohesion against threats from both within and outside of Ethiopia. External threats have always provided an opportunity to mobilize the citizens and suppress internal dissent in the name of national identity. This paper discusses different forms of nationalism in Ethiopia and attempts to demonstrate that in the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia, though territory and economic issues indeed played a role, to reduce the causes of conflict merely to these two factors is a mistake. This conflict has to be approached from a political-psychological aspect as well. Unless there is a change in the expression of nationalism and in the perception of national identity, it will be difficult to address the dynamic of the Eritrean-Ethiopian border conflict and find lasting solutions.##

 

 

 

GEIST, HIERONYMUS

TOGO zwischen Diktatur und Demokratie. Ein neuer Weg für den prekären Prozess der Demokratisierung in Afrika

(Kulturelle Identität und politische Selbstbestimmung in der Weltgesell-schaft 13)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

178 pp., Euro 24.90; ISBN 3-643-101135-8

Keywords: dictatorship, democracy, Rawls, J., justice and democracy, rule

 

Togo between dictatorship and democracy. A new path for the precarious process of democratization in Africa

The authors asks whether there is some kind of hope for the Togolese - despite the terrible experiences of recent decades. Attempts at democratization and the enforcement of human rights do not seem to be promising, and is the case hopeless? Geist does not think so, since many people in the country are not discouraged by the precarious situation - they seek for new ways out, and he offers new thoughts to alleviate the situation. After introducing Togo and the path to independence he describes differences and the interplay of traditional rule and democracy. The process towards democracy is portrayed in detail, followed by a chapter on justice in John Rawls in relation to Togolese democratization. The final chapter attempts probes into new pathways centering around “justice as fairness” - against the background of Rawls.

 

 

 

HADJER, KERSTIN

Geschlecht, Magie und Geld. Sozial eingebettete und okkulte Ökonomien im Benin, Westafrika

(Kölner ethnologische Studien 33)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2009

370, XL pp., Euro  39.90; ISBN 3-8258-1027-6

Keywords: magic, gender and magic, money and magic, occult economies, economy and magic, black magic, sorcery, actor approach, praxeological approach, secrecy and magic, reciprocity

 

Gender, magic, and money. Socially embedded and occult economies in Benin, West Africa

The fear of witchcraft and envy often leads to a situation where nobody actually knows how much money others make. Simultaneously expenditure for magical-occult practices are high. By employing Bourdieu”s theory of social practice the author enters gender-specific spaces of economic survival and provides “thick” synchronic insights into the economy of the occult. This produces new impulses regarding the interrelationship of gender, magic, and money. Hadjer reflects on the witchcraft debate, habitus, field, space and action, and gender and survival. This is followed by discussing method and fieldwork reality, and contexts of research. Spaces of securing survival deal with social and economic fields, and the economy of the occult presents central actors (such as spirits, ancestors, witches, clairvoyants, and relatives) and occult economy (objects used). Hadjer found that the household is not suitable as an analytic unit for focusing on survival and vulnerability, instead, an actor-centric approach is feasible, and reciprocity proves to be an overall guideline.

 

 

 

HANAFI EL SIOFI, MONA

Der Westen - ein Sodom und Gomorrah? Westliche Frauen und Männer im Fokus ägyptischer Musliminnen

Sulzbach: Helmer Verlag 2009

212 pp., Euro 22,-; ISBN 3-89741-281-1

Keywords: Islam, gender and Islam, Muslim women, women and Islam, occidentalism, feminism, patriarchy

 

The West - a Sodom and Gomorrah? Western women and men in the focus of Egyptian Muslimas

This book is based on anthropological fieldwork in Cairo, and a reversed perspective is employed: i.e., how Muslimas assess and characterize Western gender relations. She relates the view of these women living in urban contexts, and reflects on their lifeworlds. So, family, partnership, the work sphere, religion, emancipation, and modernity are discussed, showing much more differentiated views that what is depicted in Egypt media about a western “Sodom and Gomorrah”. The author starts by discussing the patriarchal cultural “basis” of Egyptian society and continues with a description of the small universe of the family connected with a culture of secrecy vs. transparency and openness. Then, choosing a partner (the “economy of marriage”) and ideals of a “new male” are dealt with, followed by the importance of the work sphere (men and women and work, working and being mobile, equality and jobs), and the last chapter is devoted to feminism (what Islam means to women, discrimination of men, etc.). A summary includes results and commentaries and suggestions of the author.

 

HEISS, JAN PATRICK

How to Explain Access to the Field. Lessons from Fieldwork among the Yedina (or Buduma) of Lake Chad

Anthropos 104.2009:25-40

Keywords: Yedina, Buduma, identity, fieldwork, segmentary systems, state, ethnic groups

 

##In their articles. re