Anthropological Abstracts


Cultural/Social Anthropology

from German-speaking countries


edited by

Ulrich Oberdiek




11.Abstracts of 2010























©Ulrich Oberdiek

Reprint only by written permission of the editor:












Editorial                                                                                              7



General/Theoretical/Historical Studies                                                9        



Regional Studies


                            Africa                                                                   83                             


                            The Americas                                                     107                              


                            Asia                                                                    117                                    


                            Australia & Oceania                                           149  



                            Europe                                                                155



Periodicals Scanned                                                                       173                                      


Author Index                                                                                  175   



Subject Index                                                                                  185  




























































This reference journal is published once a year and announces – in English language – most of the new publications in the field of cultural/social anthropology published in the German language area (Austria, Germany, Switzerland). Since many of these publications have been written in German, and most of them are not included in major, English language abstracting services, Anthropological Abstracts (AA) offers an opportunity and convenient source of information for scholars who do not read German, to become aware of anthropological research and publications in these countries. Included are journal articles, monographs, anthologies, exhibition catalogs, yearbooks, etc. Occasionally, publications in English, or French, are included as well if the publisher is less well-known internationally, and if it is likely that the publication will not be noticed abroad.

The present internet volume of Anthropological Abstracts (www.11) is also represented as Vol. 9.2010, published with Lit Publishers.


Some technical remarks

This reference journal uses a flexible approach in representing publications: While in usually abstracts are supplied, for anthologies the Current Contents method is applied, i.e. only authors and titles are printed. So technically, this is a combined approach: an Abstracting Reference Journal, and the Current Contents method of listing names and titles only. However, the complete material, including those papers which appear by title only, has been thoroughly indexed.

Abstracts supplied by authors are marked by ## before and after the abstract. Due to space limitations they may be abbreviated. Up to three editors of an anthology will be listed; if there are more, only the first will appear (added by ‚et al.).

Only those papers in journals will be abstracted that are relevant to cultural/social anthropology - which mainly applies in the case of interdisciplinary, or predominantly sociological journals. AA also tries to cover subjects related to, or influencing, anthropology, i.e. if they are relevant for present discourses. Thus, there may be material from history, folklore studies, linguistics, sociology, philosophy, etc., if there is an intersection with present debates in anthropology.

Keywords serve as an "abstract of the abstract" - for a quick assessment of the contents. Page numbers in the Subject Index refer to the page where the Keywords  listings appear.

Terms of the Subject Index – which is identical with the Keywords in alphabetical order – do not follow the Thesaurus principle but are chosen rather loosely and generously, according to need, and there is no strict formal rule to limit their number. In many cases, Subject Index terms try to be specific rather than general, in order to reduce the time of searching. Thus, if there is a topic relating to ‚history’, it will be specified like ‚history (Guinea)’, or ‚history and literacy’, so that users do not have to check all ‚history’ entries.

Regarding alphabetical order, the German Umlaut (ä, ö, ü) will be broken up into ae, oe, ue in the text, but is disregarded in the indexes.


The publishers, museums and research institutions must be thanked for their generally prompt deliveries of the books requested for Anthropological Abstracts.




PD Dr. Ulrich Oberdiek, Reader in Anthro-pology,

Institut für Ethnologie, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany,


Institut für Ethnologie und Afrikanistik (Depart-ment f. Kulturwissenschaften u. Altertumskunde), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München.



Quäkerst. 7

79102 Freiburg/Germany

Phone+Fax: Germany:  0761/70 72 344












Transnationale Migration jenseits von Assimilation und Akkulturation. Transnationale Inklusion und hybride Wissensordnungen als konzeptio-nelle Alternativen zur Assimilations- und Akkulturationsdebatte

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:257-279

Keywords: migration, transnational migration, assimilation, acculturation, inclusion, cultural interference


##Transnational alternatives to migration beyond assimilation and acculturation. Transnational inclusion and hybrid cultural orders as conceptual alternatives to the assimilation and acculturation debate

Classic theories of migration describe international migration as one-way movements and investigate the cultural adjustment of migrants into a "majority society". Contrary to this view, the article raises the question of new, conceptual possibilities to describe migrants' assimilation and acculturation without conceptually focusing on a nation-state frame. In doing so, it makes reference to theories of transnational migration which define migration as a circular process connecting both sending and receiving contexts. This perspective enables, first, to analyze „structural assimilation“ as multiple simultaneous inclusions of individuals into societal institutions in different nation-state locations. Secondly, it suggests to consider acculturation as a cultural adjustment of migrants’ knowledge patterns, which goes hand in hand with the maintenance of cultural „otherness“.##





Compassion in the world’s religions. Envisioning human solidarity

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

175 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-10476-2

Keywords: comparative religion, history of religions, religion and compassion, compassion and religion, Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, solidarity 


The papers in this book, written by „scholars from different religious traditions“ originate from a meeting New Delhi in 2009 (a program called Cross-cultural conversation) to foster inter-religious understanding, similar to the historical example of the „Parliament of World’s Religions“. At this conference the topic of compassion was central.

SWAMINATHAN, MANKOMBU S.: Concern and Compassion as Path-ways to Making Hunger History

DHALLA, HOMI: The Zoroastrian Ethos of Compassion 

SAMDHONG, RINPOCHE: On Compassion: The Buddhist Approach

LAKH DOR, GESHE: Compassion – A Complement to Wisdom

SASTRY, KUTUMBA: Compassion: Etymology, Rituals, Anecdotes from the Hindu Tradition

CARROLL, BOB: "Have we not all one Father?" Toward a Psychohistory of the Jewish Idea of Compassion 

GOSHEN-GOTTSTEIN, ALON: Compassion – The Teachings of R. Nachman of Breslav

BERNHARDT, REINHOLD: Compassion as a core-element of Christian ethics

ENGINEER, ASGHAR ALI: Compassion in Islam – Theology and History

BALSLEV, ANINDITA N.: Compassion as a Shared Value: Indic Per-spectives

CHANDRA, LOKESH: Human Solidarity

EVERS, DIRK: Can Compassion foster Human Solidarity? A Christian Perspective

TOSCANO, ROBERTO: Compassion and solidarity in international re- lations

GIACOMELLI, GIORGIO: Human Solidarity – A Diplomat's View





Xenotopien. Verortungen des Fremden im 19. Jahrhundert

(Kulturgeschichtliche Perspektiven 9)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

225 pp., Euro 24.90; ISBN 3-643-10624-7

Keywords: xenotopias, alterity, otherness, Forster, J.R., travelogues, nostalgia, orientalism, colonialism, noble savage, Humboldt, A.v.




Xenotopias. Locating alterity in the 19th century

Xenotopia is understood as analogous to Foucault’s concept of heterotopia, as spaces where alterity is produced and stage-setted, which is particularly the case in museums and exhibitions, in the theater and in literature in the 19th century – which is presented to a mass audience. Their effects vary: As spaces of information mediation they aim at integrating alterity into existing patterns of order. But they are contact zones also, creating a framework for intercultural contact. The contributions by specialists of history, theater, dance, anthropology, history of art, literature show that xenotopias are not ‚alien spaces’ but spaces of the Other in the self.

SCHNEIDER, UTE: Ins Bild gesetzt: Fremdheit in der Kartographie des 19. Jahrhundert [Put into the picture: Alterity in the cartography of the 19th century]

NUTZ, THOMAS: Logistik der Mobilien: Exotische Artefakte zwischen Zentrum und Peripherie. Das Beispiel Johann Reinhold Forster [Logistics of mobile things: Exotic artifacts between center and periphery. The case of Johann Reinhold Forster]

TORMA, FRANZISKA: Abschied vom Orient? Nostalgie als Aneignungs-strategie Turkestans in Reiseberichten des Fin de siŹcle [Goodbye to the Orient? Nostalgia as an appropriation strategy of Turkestan in travelogues of the Fin de siŹcle]

FISCHER, ANNEMARIE: Monumentum und locus amoenus: Das Wechselspiel zwischen Architektur und Natur im Bühnenbild zur Zeit der goetheschen Jahrhundertwende [Monumentum and locus amoenus: The interplay between architecture and nature in the stage set at the time of Goethe’s turn of the century]

HAITZINGER, NICOLE, CLAUDIA JESCHKE & GABI VETTER-MANN: Zwischen Erde und Himmel: La Périe und der orientalische Traum [La Périe and the oriental dream]

SCHNELL, WERNER: Ein gerissener und wieder verknoteter Traditions-faden: Dubuffet und die Orientalisten [A torn and re-tied thread of tradition: Dubuffet and the orientalists]

HONOLD, ALEXANDER: Der Zug ins Exotische: Die Eisenbahn im kolonialen Zeitalter [The train to the Exotic: Railway in the colonial age]

HEIDEMANN, FRANK: Die künstlichen Berge: Indische Hill Stations und die Produktion von Edlen Wilden [Artificial hills: Indian Hill Stations and the production of noble savages]

ENGLHART, ANDREAS: Die ‚allgemeine Übersicht’ der Erscheinungen im ‚Naturgemälde’: Entwürfe eines panoramatischen Raums des Fremden in Alexander von Humboldts Kosmos [The ‚general overview’ of manifestations in the ‚painting of nature’: Blueprints of a panoramic space of the Other in Alexander von Humboldt’s Kosmos]

MAHLER, ANDREAS: Venedig als Xenotopos in der Literatur des ausgehenden neunzehnten Jahrhunderts [Venice as a xenotopos in the literature of the late 19th century]





Große Armut, großer Reichtum. Zur Transnationalisierung sozialer Un-gleichheit

(Edition Suhrkamp 2614)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2010

694 pp., Euro 18,-; ISBN 3-518-12614-1

Keywords: poverty, wealth and poverty, transnational inequality, inequality, migration and poverty, capitalism, national perspective, global perspective


Great poverty, great wealth. On the transnationalization of social inequality

The 22 papers of this reader by international (Wallerstein, Sklair, Sassen, Bhalla, Amartya Sen...) and German (Beck, Stichweh, Poferl, Berking, Römhild) authors (many of them sociologists), discuss this topic of suffering in a global perspective. The papers, empirical studies and theoretical concepts, deal with globalization and exclusion, spatial aspects of inequality, postnational models of membership, global justice, power and status in transnational spaces, migrants as avantgarde, gender and capitalism, risk society, or class analysis. Some argue for giving up the nationally limited perspective to be able to deal with worldwide claims for social participation and human rights.





Verkennende Anerkennung. Über Identität und Politik

(Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 1930)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2010

262 pp., Euro 12,-; ISBN 3-518-29530-4

Keywords: misrecognition, politics and identity, identity, recognition of cultures, cultures and identity, Taylor, C., intercultural recognition, reciprocity



Misrecognizing recognition. On identity and politics

Bedorf discusses three models, or theories, of recognition: intercultural (starting with multicultural diagnosis), intersubjectivist (spheres of interaction, ethics of primary reciprocity, cognitivism), and subjectifying recognition. The first two aims at relations between cultures/subjects, the third focuses on the generation of the subject itself. He further discusses – avoiding essentialism – identity as the integrating telos in these models, repeatedly utilizing Charles Taylor’s „moral topography of the self“. These discussions take place against the background of various minorities striving for recognition, respect and public visibility, and rights. Bedorf opines that there cannot be any „complete“ recognition, and that, in processes of mutual recognition, these are necessarily processes of misrecognition.





Das unliebsame System. Herbert Spencers Werk als Prototyp einer Universaltheorie

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:22-37

Keywords: Spencer, H., universal theory, social Darwinism, biology, progress


##The Disagreeable System. Herbert Spencer's Work as a Prototype of Universal Theory

Unlike Marx, Durkheim, or Weber, sociology's collective memory does not hold Spencer in high esteem. His theory is presumed to propagate social Darwinism; and it seems to presuppose a teleological idea of progress and the acceptance of biological analogies. Less attention is paid to his historical role, his writings, and the cosmological character of his entire work. However, Spencer's philosophical system can be understood as an analytical ontology providing a catalogue of scientific topics. Contrary to monothetic diagnoses and methodological theories, it typifies an altogether different kind of universal theory, of which Luhmann's system theory would later be another instance. Since the work of Spencer marks the most universal and radical version of this theoretical type, to engage with Spencer means to address the issue of the possibility of universal theory and its functional equivalents. Such an engagement may help to make current debates over social theory more precise.##






Kognitionsethnologie und Kognitionspsychologie: Synergien nutzen

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 135.2010:233-248

Keywords: cognitive anthropology, cognitive psychology, research methods, human reasoning, culture and cognition


##Cognitive anthropology and cognitive psychology: making use of synergies

Cognitive Anthropology and Cognitive Psychology are both empirical sciences that aim at contributing to a comprehensive picture of human reasoning and action by taking a cognitive perspective on cultural and psychological phenomena. However, the two disciplines take different angles on these topics with respect to content and methods. The position that a stronger integration of the two angles will provide desirable synergy effects is substantiated with regard to three aspects: the different methodologies (field studies vs. experiments), the often observed division of labour (analysis of culture-specific contents vs. analysis of general cognitive processes), and the cultural constitution of cognition. As such synergy effects will not emerge automatically, we discuss some implications for research practice resulting from the goal of a stronger cooperation between the two disciplines, and present some successful projects.##





Die Ethnologie - eine tragende Säule im Gebäude der Kognitions-wissenschaften?

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 135.2010:185-198

Keywords: cognitive sciences, anthropology and cognitive sciences


##Anthropology - a supporting pillar in the cognitive science edifice?

Three decades ago, the cognitive sciences were established as the joint effort of six disciplines, united by the common goal of exploring the foundations of human cognition. Based already on twenty years of cognitive work, anthropology had become a supporting pillar in this interdisciplinary edifice that contributed to and benefited from the ongoing exchange of ideas, theoretical concepts, and methods. Since then, however, anthropology's presence and influence has continuously decreased - to the extent that it is now, and particularly so in the German-speaking areas, no longer even recognized as a potential partner in this interdisciplinary endeavor. This paper aims to make a case for changing this infelicitous situation. It exemplifies why cognitive approaches are still important for anthropology and why anthropology is indispensable for the cognitive sciences; it highlights some of the attempts that have been undertaken recently to improve the relationship; and finally, it tries to demonstrate why engaging in interdisciplinary cooperation is of mutual benefit.##





Ethnologie und Kognitionswissenschaften im Dialog

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 135.2010:177183

Keywords: cognitivism, anthropology and psychology, cultural patterns, human cognition


Anthropology and cognitive science in dialogue

##Even though anthropology had been one of the pioneers in the foundation of cognitive science, over the last decades a growing alienation between the two disciplines has been undeniable. In their introduction to this special issue of Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Andrea Bender and Birgitt Röttger-Rössler argue that this relation should be reconsidered. Anthropology and cognitive science can contribute to each other's research through an emphasis on the interdependency of cultural patterns and human cognition. Scientific collaboration between members of the two fields could not only help explaining gaps in the respective theoretical frameworks but also open up new perspectives for future research.##





Feldforschung. Ethnologische Zugänge zu sozialen Wirklichkeiten

Berlin: Weißensee Verlag 2009

(Berliner Beiträge zur Ethnologie 15)

506 pp., Euro 32,-; ISBN 3-89998-114-8

Keywords: fieldwork, difference, friendship, ethics, emotion and fieldwork, Baule, Oromo, conflict, reflexivity, crisis of representation, representation, media, visual anthropology, group fieldwork


Fieldwork. Social realities in anthropological perspectives

##Fieldwork is the sine qua non of socio-cultural anthropology. However, it is neither uncontested nor can its ethical, epistemological and methodological implications ultimately be delineated, As the practice of fieldwork itself theorizing about it is work in progress in interrelation with new challenges. The fifteen contributions collected here (six of which are in English language) discuss problems of ethics and involvement as well as of emotion and embodiment. They demonstrate the crucial ways cultural, historical and political contingencies of a given field shape the research process and suggest new ways for anthropological field research.##

BERGER, PETER ET AL.: Feldforschung: Berliner Perspektiven auf eine ethnologische Methode [Fieldwork: Berlin perspectives about an anthropological method]

EMDE, SINA: 'Coloured Fields': Some Reflections on Sameness, Difference and Friendship in Anthropological Research

BLINDT, ULRIKE: Die Frage der Einmischung: Moralische Dilemmata im Feld und die Hilflosigkeit der Ethnologen [The question of interference: Moral dilemmas in the field and the helplessness of anthropologists]

DILGER, HANSJÖRG: ETHIK! Oder: Moralische und methodologische Implikationen der Wissensproduktion in einer ethnologischen Feld-forschung über ,,das Unsagbare“ [Ethics! Or: moral and methodological implications of knowledge production in anthropological fieldwork about the „Unmentionable“]

BERGER, PETER: Assessing the Relevance and Effects of 'Key Emotional Episodes’ for the Fieldwork Process

FUHRMANN, BERIT: 'Ethnography with Tears?': Krankheit und Hexerei als leibliche Erkenntniszugänge [Illness and witchcraft as corporeal approaches to cognition]

BERRENBERG, JEANNE: The Importance of Being Unimportant

LUIG, UTE: Von der Schwierigkeit, Geschichte zu erforschen: Feldforschung unter Baule in der Elfenbeinküste (1974-76) [On the difficulty to research history: Fieldwork among the Baule at the Ivory Coast]

ZITELMANN, THOMAS: Towards the Acquisition of Conflict Knowledge: Fieldwork among the Oromo Liberation Front and Oromo Refugees during the 1980s

PFEFFER, GEORG: Feldforschung: Versuch einer autobiographischen Bilanz [Fieldwork: An autobiographical stock-taking]

HARDENBERG, ROLAND: Geheim, verboten, unrein: Beschreibung einer Feldforschungssituation in Puri (Indien) [Secret, prohibited, impure: Description of a fieldwork situation in Puri, India]

CHAUDHARY, AZAM: Contrasting Reflexive Positionality the German 'Native' Pakistani and the ‚Afar’ German fieldworks

MEYER, CHRISTIAN: Ereignisethnographie und methodologischer Situationalismus: Auswege aus der Krise der ethnographischen Repräsentation? [Event ethnography and methodological situationalism: Exits from the crisis of ethnographic representation?]

TRIESELMANN, WERNER: Filmische Inszenierung von Fremdheit als Zugang zur Feldforschung. Ein medienethnologischer Ansatz [Movie stagesetting of alterity as an approach to fieldwork]

REYHE, RUNE & LINUS STROTHMANN: Für eine Methodik des Zu-Zweit-Forschens: Erfahrungsbericht eines Dialogs [For a method of dyadic research: Report on the experience of a dialog]

SUBHA, TANKA B.: Group Fieldwork: Revisiting an Old Anthropo-logical Practice in India





Klänge im Zeitalter ihrer medialen Verfügbarkeit. Popmusik auf globalen Märkten in lokalen Kontexten

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2010

277 pp., Euro 27.80; ISBN 3-8376-1459-6

Keywords: pop music, music and markets, local and music, digitization, lullabies, world music, global pop


Sounds in the age of their medial availability. Pop music on global markets in local contexts

Digitization has activated debates on global availability. The free use of cultural achievements and eroding copyright determine the legitimacy of cultural practices, and this pertains especially to music. The author uses the medial journey of a Melanesian lullaby to trace the effects of technical storage, editing, and appropriation in various musico-cultural contexts and segments of the economy of music. The author discusses and analyzes various contemporary phenomena of popular music, especially in the context of globalization, such as the question of homogenization vs. diversification, cultural musical encounters, world music, and factors connected with the media: availability, technical reproduction, and economy.







Prosumer revisited. Zur Aktualität einer Debatte

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

232 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-531-16935-4

Keywords: prosumers, marketers and prosumers, consumers, eBay, cultural goods, freeskiing and consumption, subcultures and consumption, trans-market civilization


Prosumer revisited. On the topicality of a debate

This book is based on a project on consumerism and prosumerism and a conference that took place at the University of Frankfurt in 2009. Some of the papers read there constitute the present book.

HELLMANN, KAI-UWE: Prosumer revisited. Zur Aktualität einer Debatte

KOTLER, PHILIP: The prosumer movement. A new challenge for marketers

RITZER, GEORGE: Focusing on the prosumer. On correcting an error in the history of social theory

BLUTNER, DORIS: Vom Konsumenten zum Prosumenten [From consumer to prosumer]

HANEKOP, HEIDEMARIE & VOLKER WITTKE: Kollaboration der Prosumenten. Die vernachlässigte Dimension des Prosuming-Konzepts [Collaboration of prosumers. The neglected dimension of the prosuming concept]

BLÄTTEL-MINK, BIRGIT: Prosuming im online-gestützten Gebraucht-warenhandel und Nachhaltigkeit. Das Beispiel eBay [Prosuming in online-based second-hand trade and sustainability. The case of eBay]

PANZER, GERHARD: Die Funktion inszenierter Prosumption für Qualität und Wert kultureller Güter [The function of directed prosumption for the quality and value of cultural goods]

MARSCHALL, JÖRG: „So ein Auto ist eigentlich ‚ne lebende Baustelle“. Markengemeinschaften als Prosumentenkollektive [Brand communities as prosumer collectives]

WOERMANN, NIKLAS: Subcultures of Prosumption. Differenzierung durch Prosumption in der Freeski-Szene [Qualification through prosumption in the Freeski scene]

BRUNS, AXEL: Vom Prosumenten zum Produtzer [From prosument to produtzer]

VOLKMANN, UTE: Sekundäre Leistungsrolle. Eine differenzierungs-theoretische Einordnung des Prosumenten am Beispiel des „Leser-Reporters“ [Secondary role of achievement. A differentiation-theoretical positioning of the prosument in the case of the „reader-reporter“]


Handbuch Anthropologie. Der Mensch zwischen Natur, Kultur und Technik

Stuttgart: Metzler Verlag 2009

460pp., Euro $; ISBN 3-476-02228-8

Keywords: anthropologists, philosophers


Handbook anthropology. The human being between nature, culture, and technology

This handbook, edited by two philosophers, is organized by first presenting portraits of 15 important thinkers, half of them being philosophers but there are also Marcel Mauss, Lévi-Strauss, Geertz, and Foucault. The second part is organized according to approaches, from behaviorism to sociobiology and behavioral genetics – i.e. very broad categories not identical with cultural/social anthropological approaches proper. The subject section of the book has 41 topics which come closer to cultural/social anthropological perspectives, such as aggression, age, family, identity, power, morals, intoxication, language, sexuality, or zoon politicon.





Pour une sociologie «embarquée» des univers ą risque?

Tsantsa 15.2010:28-37

Keywords: high-risk organizations, risk organizations, organizations of risk, negotiating risky research, embeddedness


##For an «embedded» sociology of high-risk organizations

Gaining access to high-risk organizations remains difficult but once achieved working in such an environment does not necessarily compel the researcher to create specific tools and techniques. More thought than is normal for the sociological method per se should, therefore, go into the conditions under which access is negotiated. In this article, we posit that a strategy similar to that adopted in developments in reporting, for this case dubbed «embedded journalism», is taking shape in sociology. Of course, an «embedded sociology» does not yet formally exist. Yet, the way in which sociologists have to approach high-risk environments leads us to apply the metaphor of «embeddedness» and to see the extent to which a comparison might be fruitful. On the one hand the strategy of embeddedness offers avenues for access to the private core of places, rarely the subject of sociological research. On the other, it compels us to question anew the  implications of how such access practices affect sociological production.##





Karl Marx als Soziologe

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:173-199

Keywords: Marx, K., sociology and Karl Marx, economy and Karl Marx


Karl Marx as a sociologist

##Contemporary German sociology has elevated Marx into the pantheon of its founding fathers. Affiliation with his work is claimed not only for the theory of social stratification, but also for the concepts of social differentiation and indeed of society tout court. This essay weighs the reasons advanced for such treatment, and finds them wanting: in terms of scientific typology, Marx belongs in the lineage of classical political economy, not that of sociology. Nevertheless, his analysis of the capitalist system has sociological relevance, capturing certain facts and processes that must be acknowledged even by a sociology oriented on the subjective understanding of meaning.##





Soziale Mechanismen und mechanismische Erklärungen

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:371-381

Keywords: social mechanisms, mechanism, mechanismic explanations, social change, Merton, R.K.


Social mechanisms and mechanismic explanation

##Researchers in all fields dealing with reality wish to explain facts once they have described them. The prevailing account of explanation in the philosophical literature is the "covering law model". According to this opinion, to explain a fact is to deduce the proposition(s) describing it from a theory together with the appropriate data, such as initial conditions. This is not how explanation is conceived of in the advanced factual sciences. In these, to explain a fact consists in unveiling the mechanism that makes the thing in question "tick“. In turn, a mechanism consists in the process(es) characteristic of the given thing. For example, metabolism is the central mechanism of living beings, learning is that of schools, and trade that of markets. I call mechanismic this kind of explanation. Therefore, anyone wishing to control a concrete system had better start by finding out its typical mechanisms, so as to maintain or alter them. This is what social control mechanisms, from cooperation and charity to legislation and violence, are supposed to accomplish. Typically, social mechanisms involve at least two levels, micro (individual) and macro (institutional). Consequently they can be neither understood nor designed on the basis of either individualism or holism. I argue that only systemism, the view that every thing is either a system or a component of one, can satisfactorily account for the centrality of mechanisms. Warning: Merton, Giddens and others often called "structure" what I call "mechanism". Following mathematical usage, I define the structure of a system as the set of all the relations (in particular cohesive bonds) among the system component (endostructure), as well as the relations between the system components and things in the environment.##





Öko-Apostel, Revolutionäre und Weltverbesserer. Entwicklungszusam-menarbeit mit Indigenen

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:79-83

Keywords: development, global economy, economy and NGOs, NGOs, equality in development


Ecological adepts, revolutionaries, and starry-eyed idealists. Development cooperation with indigenous peoples

The author discusses the work of NGOs in general (with local cases) and regarding ecology, equality of participation, culture concepts, and altogether recent trends in development cooperation.





Die Einrichtung der Versicherung als soziologisches Problem

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:65-90

Keywords: insurance, risk society, time-buying, descisions and insurance


The establishment of insurance as a sociological problem

##Insurance is one of the most discussed but at the same time controversial business institutions of modern society. While studies about the juridical origins and the probability conditions of insurance contracts abound, there is till today only few sociological research trying to include such institution into a general theory of society. This article suggests a searching path whose aim is to couple the problem of insurance to the functional differentiation of modern society and to the achievement of a money-mechanism in an autonomous economical system. Empirical evidences are used, i.e. medieval contracts, diaries, accounting books. The article tries then to explain, how a danger-community changes itself in a risk-society. The thesis arises that insurance institutions do represent a highly improbable way of time-buying and selling, whose business is indispensable for the reproduction of risky decisions.##





Body, Performance, Agency, and Experience. Including an E-Book-Version...

(Ritual dynamics and the science of ritual 2)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2010

583 pp., Euro 98,-; ISBN 3-447-06202-2

Keywords: ritual, performance and ritual, agency and ritual, funerals, mortuary rituals, Ayahuasca, dance and rituals, shamanism, Buddhism, healing, liturgy


##Held in Heidelberg from September 29 to October 2, 2008 by the collaborative research center SFB 619 "Ritual Dynamics", the international conference "Ritual Dynamics and the Science of Ritual" assembled most of the leading experts on rituals studies and more than 600 participants for the purpose of reassessing the traditional subject in view of the latest research. The results, which are presented in five volumes, are pathbreaking for future transcultural, interdisciplinary and multimethodical research on rituals. The convention was marked by the broad range of disciplines and the corresponding diversity of methods. It embraced a great variety of topics in terms of cultural geography and spanned a time horizon from antiquity to the present. The proceedings show how broadly the term ritual can be defined, as well as the conditions, modes and functions of ritual actions in different cultures of the present and past.##

SANDERSON, ALEXIS: Ritual for Oneself and Ritual for Others

What is theValue of Rituals? 
Effects of Complexity in Australian Rituals and Beyond

Performing Spirits:
 Shifting Agencies in Brazilian Umbanda Rituals

Prescribed Agency - A Contradiction in Terms? Differences between the Tantric adhikāra Concept and the Sociological term of Agency

TADDEI, ANDREA: Memory, Performance and Pleasure in Greek Rituals

STROHM, REINHARD: Memories of Ancient Rituals in Early Opera

BELLIA, ANGELA: Music and Rite: Representations of Female Figures of Musicians in Greek Sicily (Sixth-Third Centuries B.C.)

SOAR, KATHRYN: Circular Dance Performance in the Prehistoric Aegean

DUBBINI, RACHELE: Agones on the Greek Agora between Ritual and Spectacle: Some Examples from the Peloponnese

VENN, EDWARD: Evoking the "Marvellous": 
Ritual in Michael Tippett's The Midsummer Marriage

TONNAER, ANKE: Fear and fascination for a White Maggot: Savouring the Other in Tourist Ritual

STIFOSS-HANSSEN, HANS & LARS J. DANBOLT: The Dead and the Numb Body: Disaster and Ritual Memory

Funerals Without a Corpse: Awkwardness in Mortuary Rituals for Body Donors

PEELEN, JANNEKE: Social Birth of Stillborn Children: The Body as Matter, the Body as Person

HEESSELS, MEIKE: From Commercial goods to Cherished Ash Objects: Mediating Contact with the Dead through the Body

WOJTKOWIAK, JOANNA: Living through Ritual in the Face of Death

QUARTIER, THOMAS: "This Is My Body":
 Physical, spiritual, and social dimensions of embodiment in Roman-Catholic funerals

SAMUEL, GEOFFREY: Inner Work and the Connection between Anthropological and Psychological Analysis

CARDEĄA, ETZEL & WENDY E. COUSINS: From Artifice to Actu-ality: 
Ritual, Shamanism, Hypnosis, and Healing

Evolutionary Origins of Human Ritual

Physiognomy of the Invisible: 
Ritual, Subtle Anatomy, and Ethics

BÖTTGER, DANIEL: Empirical Test of the Effect of Facial Feedback on the Subjective Experience of Ritual

ECHTLER, MAGNUS: A Real Mass Worship they will never Forget:
 Rituals and Cognition in the Nazareth Baptist Church, South Africa

TURFJELL, DAVID: Ritual, Emotion, and the Navigation of the Self

ODENTHAL, ANDREAS: Ritual Experience: 
Theology and Psycho-analysis in Dialogue
 about the Liturgy of the Catholic Church

The Multivocality of Ritual Experience: Long-Life Empowerments among Tibetan Communities 
in the Darjeeling Hills, India

SUMEGI, ANGELA: Being the Deity:
 The Inner Work of Buddhist and Shamanic Ritual

HAUSER, BEATRIX: Dramatic Changes. The Experience of a Religious Play in the Mega-City of Delhi

EDE, YOLANDA VAN: Differing Roads to Grace:
 Spanish and Japanese sensory approaches to dance

POOLE, W. GERARD: Emotional Cultivation and the Chaotic Emotion: 
Towards a Theory of Ritual, Musical, and Emotional Parallel Morphology, as Encountered in Andalusian Ritual Practices

PIKE, SARAH M.: Performing Grief in Formal and Informal Rituals 
at the Burning Man Festival

Navigating the Inner Work:
 The Experience of Ayahuasca within Santo Daime Rituals





Der Atatürk-Kult. Vom Mythos des türkischen Säkularismus

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:69-77

Keywords: Atatürk, K., secularism myth, myth of secularism


The cult of Atatürk. On the myth of Turkish secularism

In this essay Dauth discusses the the myth, and ethnographic-empirical background of the Atatürk cult in general, and in an informed way (based on 14 months of life in Istanbul).





Rituelle Spiele mit Beziehungen. Goffmans Normen zwischen Interaktionsordnung und ironischer Offenheit

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:527-544

Keywords: ritual, Goffman, E., pragmatism, irony, Durkheim, E., order and ritual


##Ritual games of relationship negotiation. Goffman's norms between the interaction order and ironist openness

On the one hand, Erving Goffman's work has been perceived as an explication of the interaction order indebted to Durkheim. On the other hand however, it is known as an ironist rejection of order. Goffman made use of this ambivalence without ever attempting to resolve it. Instead of looking at Goffman as a cartographer of the order of everyday life's order, he can be seen as someone who plays with different perspectives about the everyday game with order. Thus, his Durkheimian part is not order, but ritual, which he transforms into ritual play; norms are then ritual games with relationships.##





Transfer and spaces. Including an E-Book-Version...

(Ritual dynamics and the science of ritual 5)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2010

401 pp., Euro 98,-; ISBN 3-447-06205-3

Keywords: ritual, transfer (ritual), Pentecostalism, shamanism, globalization, Tyva, neo-shamans, hybridity, possession, Sikhs, Pirs, asceticism, OBCs, marriage, Hinduism, pilgrimage, Buddhism, tourism, Alevis, Cem ritual, Easter processions, altars, foundation rituals


##Held in Heidelberg from September 29 to October 2, 2008 by the collaborative research center SFB 619 "Ritual Dynamics", the international conference "Ritual Dynamics and the Science of Ritual" assembled most of the leading experts on rituals studies and more than 600 participants for the purpose of reassessing the traditional subject in view of the latest research. The results, which are presented in five volumes, are pathbreaking for future transcultural, interdisciplinary and multimethodical research on rituals. The convention was marked by the broad range of disciplines and the corresponding diversity of methods. It embraced a great variety of topics in terms of cultural geography and spanned a time horizon from antiquity to the present. The proceedings show how broadly the term ritual can be defined, as well as the conditions, modes and functions of ritual actions in different cultures of the present and past.##

ASTORI, DAVIDE: Passover seder and Masonic agape:
 Evidence of (Re)Invention or Transfer of Ritual?

Ritual Identity and Cultural Transition 
in the Syro-Malabar Rite Catholic Church in Chicago

 From the High to the Low in Hindu-Tibetan Himalayan Communities

FISCHER, MORITZ: "Let the Tears Flow": Performative transfer of healing rituals in Pentecostal healing events between Repetition and Renewal and their Impact
 on the Globalisation of Christianity

GRÜNWEDEL, HEIKO: Shamanic Rituals from Siberia to Europe: 
Cultural Exchanges between Indigenous Healing Traditions of the Tyva and Neo-Shamans in Germany

HARMS, ARNE: Happy Mothers, Proud Sons: Hybridity, Possession and a Heterotopy among Guyanese Hindus

KHOKHLOVA, LIUDMILA V.: Ritual Transfer in the History of the Sikh Community:
 with Special Reference to the Sikh Marriage Ceremony

MOHAMMAD, AFSAR: Following the Pir: Temporary Asceticism and Village Religion in South India

OTTO, PAUL: Wampum: The Transfer and Creation of Rituals on the Early American Frontier

PATEL, TULSI: Transformations in Marriage Rituals:
 The Case of Urbanising OBCs in Rajasthan

Conflict over Worship:
 A Study of the Sri Guru Dattatreya Swami Bababudhan Dargah in South India

SUTTON, DONALD S.: Transfers of Ritual at a Northern Sichuan Site: Tibetan and Han Chinese Pilgrims, and Han Chinese Tourists

TAŞĞIN, AHMET: The Eastern Church in Sweden:
 The Transfer of Syrian Orthodox Rituals from Turkey to Europe

YAMAN, ALI: Ritual Transfer within the Anatolian Alevis:
 A Comparative Approach to the Cem-Ritual

Rewriting Ritual:
 Community and Ethnicity in a San Francisco Performance of American Origins

Il Doge and Easter Processions 
at San Marco in Early Modern Venice

FLEISCHER, JENS: The Cornerstone and Its Ritual Power

In the Sphere of Sacrosanctity: Altars as Generator of space in the Late Middle Age

Foundation Rituals in Renaissance Italy: The Case of the Bentivoglio Tower in Bologna

MEYER-DIETRICH, ERIKA: Religion that is Heard in Public spaces: Sound Production in Ancient Egypt in a Ritual Context

JESSEN, MADS DENGSĮ: Altars and the Sacred Space:
 An Investigation into the Missionary Use of Portable Altars






Identität Bewegung Inszenierung

(Düsseldorfer Schriften zu Kultur und Medien 1)

Frankfurt: Lang Verlag 2010

290 pp., Euro 54.80; ISBN 3-631-59457-5

Keywords: stage-management, motion, mediality, Semprún, J., photography, memory and body, hybridity, neuronal resonance, cinéma beur, Almodovar, P., gender, performativity


Identity Motion Stage-management

DIECKMANN, BERNHARD, HANS MALMEDE & KATRIN ULLMANN: Identität - Bewegung – Inszenierung [Identity, motion, stage-management]

BORSŮ, VITTORIA: Materialität, Medialität und Immanenz: Wider die Medialität als Drittes [Materiality, mediality, and immanence: Against mediality as a third]

MAEDER, DOMINIK: Zwischen Eingedenken und Unvergesslichem. Erinnerungsformen in den Romanen Jorge Semprúns [Between remembrance and the unforgettable. Forms of remembering in the novels of J. Semprún]

HERGET, THOMAS: Photographisches Gedächtnis. Zur Konstruktion der Erinnerung im Medium der Photographie [Photographic memory. On the construction of memory in the medium of photography]

RIEGEL, DAGNY: Trauma über den Tod hinaus. Das Verhältnis von Gedächtnis zu Körper und Raum am Beispiel von Memento und Anderland [A trauma beyond death. The relation of memory and body and space in Memento und Anderland]

ROCHOLL, MARIUS: Intermediales Erzählen in Pedro Almodovars La Mala Educacion – Schlechte Erziehung [Intermedial narrative in Almodovars La Mala Educacion]

BLUM, CLAUDIA: Der hybride Raum als neue Weltordnung? Identität im ,,cinéma beur“ [Hybrid space as new world order? Identity in the ,,cinéma beur“]

ULLMANN, KATRIN: „Sometimes I feel more Morocco than French." Selbstverortungen junger Europäer in der Gegenwart [Self-positioning of present young Europeans]

KEMPMANN, MICHAEL: Neuronale Resonanz und Habitus: Über Verhältnisse zwischen neuro- und kulturwissenschaftlichen Kommuni-kationsmodellen [Neuronal resonance and habitus: On relations between neuro and cultural-scientific models of communication]

TRINKAUS, STEPHAN: Mit der Arbeit aufhören – Spiel, Objekt-beziehung und Medialität [Quitting labor – Play, object relations, and mediality]

FRANK, FRANZ: Unscharfe Sektoren – Beobachtungen zum kinemato-graphischen Raum [Blurred sectors – Observations on kinematographic space]

KLON, BENJAMIN-LEW: Im Spiegelkabinett des Wong Kar-Wai [In the room of distorting mirrors of Wong Kar-Wai]

MÄCHTEL, ALEXANDRA: Der Laser, das unerforschte Medium in der Medienwissenschaft [Laser – the ‚un-researched’ medium in media science]

BEßLICH, HOLGER: Die Wiederkehr des Gleichen? Über die (Un-) Wiederholbarkeit im Fußball [The return of the same? On the irretrievableness in soccer/football]

SKRANDIES, TIMO: Ästhetische Räume, künstlerische Strategien und die Politik der Kunst. Das Beispiel Gregor Schneider [Aesthetic spaces, artistic strategies and the politics of art]

VOLLMER, MAIKE: Noch nicht Bild - Zur Funktion der Performativität im zeitgenössischen Tanz [On the function of performativity in contemporary dance]

GELDMACHER, PAMELA: Eine performative Suche nach (Auf-) Brüchen der Geschlechterordnung [A performative search for breaks/ breaking-ups of the gender order]

KÜHN, GREGOR: Cross-Dressing und das dritte Geschlecht [Cross-dressing and the third gender]

COBAN, KORAY: Anarchy in the media?

GREGOR, CHRISTINA: Eine Kontroverse um den Begriff Public Diplomacy und die Methoden der strategischen Vermarktung US-amerikanischer Außenpolitik [A controversy on the notion of public diplomacy and the methods of strategic marketing of US-American foreign policy]





From black to Schwarz. Cultural crossovers between African America and Germany

(Forecast. Forum for European contributions to African American studies 18)

Berlin: Lit Verlag, Michigan State University Press 2010

388 pp., Euro 39.90; ISBN 3-643-10109-9

Keywords: cultural exchange, exchange of cultures, colonial art, Locke, A., Askari, Krenek, E., Jazz, Williams, J.A., Fassbinder, R.W., cinema, diaspora, gender, Reiss, W., Brandenburg, M., Patterson, B.


##From black to Schwarz explores the long and varied history of the exchanges between African America and Germany with a particular focus on cultural interplay. Covering a wide range of media of expression –  music, performance, film, scholarship, literature, visual arts, reviews – the essays collected in this volume trace and analyze cultural interaction, collaboration and mutual transformation that began in the 18th century, literally boomed during the Harlem Renaissance/Weimar Republic, could not even be liquidated by the Third Reich’s ‚Degenerate Art’ campaigns, and, with new media available to further exchanges, is still increasingly empowering and inspiring participants on both sides of the Atlantic.##

WALLINGER, HANNA: The Africanist presence in 19th-century German writers

SCHWARZ, A.B. CHRISTA: New Negro Renaissance – ‚Neger-Renaissance’: crossovers between African American and Germany during the era of the Harlem Renaissance

SCHNECK, PETER: The Askari as New Negro: Alain Locke and German colonial art

ROGOWSKI, CHRISTIAN: Staging the African American conquest of Old Europe: Ernst Krenek’s Jonny spielt auf

WIPPLINGER, JONATHAN: Bridging the Great divides: Cultural difference and transnationalism at Frankfurt’s Jazzklasse

CAMPT, TINA M.: Pictures of „US“? Blackness, diaspora and the Afro-German subject

GRAML, GUNDOLF: Black bodies on white snow: The reconstruction of Germanness as White in Luis Trenker’s Der verlorene Sohn (The prodigal son) (1934)

OPPEL, CHRISTINA: (Re)writing twentieth-century slavery: John A. Williams’ Clifford’s Blues as neo-slave narrative

REID, MARK: Reading Clifford’s Blues and Blacks in Nazi Germany in PostNegritude time

FENNER, ANGELICA: The rebirth of the nation: Cinematic discourses of race and reconstruction in transnational perspective

LAWS, PAGE R.: Rainer and Der weiße Neger: Fassbinder’s and Kaufmann’s on and off screen affair as German racial allegory

WRIGHT, MICHELLE M.: In a nation or diaspora? Gender, sexuality and Afro-German subject formation

RITTELMANN, LEESA: Winold Reiss to Kara Walker: The silhouette in Black American art

HEINRICHS, JÜRGEN: Mixed media, mixed identities: The universal aesthetics of Marc Brandenburg

CASSEL OLIVER, VALERIE: On Ben Patterson: „I’m glad you asked me that question“

BOYD, MELBA JOYCE: Poetry, Jazz and the politics of aesthetics: Transcontinental connections between German ‚68ers and African American culture





Trauern in Gemeinschaft. Eine Ethnographie des Trauerns

(Interethnische Beziehungen und Kulturwandel 69)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

298 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-643-10642-1

Keywords: mourning, ethnography of mourning, death and mourning, comfort in mourning


Mourning in community. An ethnography of mourning

This book deals with death and mourning in a German cultural setting, and specifically with groups who have been formed for that purpose. So the author discusses cultures and contexts of death and mourning from within, because she herself has been a mourner. Her argument is that being a member of such groups is a pre-condition for assessing them in an adequate way. She discusses central categories of this complex (death, the corpse, the ritual, the tabu) and authors (e.g., Freud, K. Abraham, Melanie Klein, Y. Spiegel, La Planche), phases and symptoms of mourning, and she has used various sources for her study, such as letters, journals, interviews with $bestattern and mourning persons. The next part is devoted to processes taking place in mourning groups and types of groups, and finally various ways and contents of mourning in the groups are presented.









Schweifgebiete. Festschrift für Ulrich Braukämper

(Ethnologie 37)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

346 pp., 34.90; ISBN 3-643-10209-6

Keywords: festschrift U. Braukämper, Braukämper, U., meritocracy, Dullay, killing, peace ceremony, body, oral tradition, wedding, Bayansi, spirits, Selt’é, pastoralism, dignitaries, ethnicity, Banabans, labor division, Hadiyya, calendars, environment, myths, biography, fieldwork, museums, Iron Age


Areas of roaming. Festschrift for Ulrich Braukämper

The papers in this festschrift, the 65th birthday of U. Braukämper, discuss current topics of the anthropology of religion, economy, politics, museal anthropology, fieldwork, and archaeology and history. The main regional focus is Ethiopia, but other African, Asian and South American countries, are represented, too.

STRECK, BERNHARD: Bedarfsarbeit – Faulheit und Fleiß außerhalb der Leistungsgesellschaft [Necessary work. Laziness and industry outside of an achievement-oriented society]

AMBORN, HERMANN: Gada – Spurensuche bei den Dullay (Südwest-äthiopien) [Gada – Searching for traces among the Dullay, Southwest Ethiopia]

POISSONNIER, NICOLE: Killing – a Rite of Passage?

STRECKER, IVO: Vicissitudes of Cultural Contact. Notes on the Background of a Peace Ceremony at Arbore

DAMMERS, KIM: Gestures and Body Language Used in Public Greetings and Departures in Addis Ababa

HORSTMANN, CATHRIN: Some Notes on Hadiyya Oral Traditions

AL-ERYANI, SUSANNE: Alte Bräuche in neuen Räumen. Von Hochzeitsfeierlichkeiten in Ṣancā’, Republik Jemen [Old customs in new spaces. On wedding celebrations in Ṣancā’, Republic of Yemen]

THIEL, JOSEF F.: Wiedergeboren in den Enkeln. Alternierende Beziehun-gen der Bayansi/Demokratische Republik Kongo [Born again in grandchildren. Alternating relations of the Bayansi, Democratic Republic of Congo]

SMIDT, WOLBERT: Erd-, Baum- und Wassergeister in Tigray und Eritrea. Religiöse Konzepte jenseits des Christentums [Earth, tree, and water spirits in Tigray and Eritrea. Religious concepts beyond Christianity]

BUSTORF, DIRK: Schicksal. Fluch und Segen in der Ätiologie der mündlichen Geschichte. Das Beispiel der Selt’é (Athiopien) [Fate. Curse and blessing in the etiology of oral history. The case of the Selt’é, Ethiopia]

STRIEDTER, KARL HEINZ: Elemente eines prähistorischen Pastora-lismus in der Zentralsahara [Elements of a prehistorical pastoralism in the Central Sahara]

PLATTE, EDITHA: Würdenträgerinnen in muslimischen Kleinkönig-tümern Nordnigerias [Female dignitaries in Muslim little kingdoms of Northern Nigeria]

WAGNER, EWALD: Harariner Richter [Judges of Harar]

FUCHS, PETER: Die Ethnisierung nationaler politischer Konflikte im Tschad und in Darfur (Sudan) [The ethnicization of national political conflicts in the Tchad and Darfur, Sudan]

HERMANN, ELFRIEDE: Ethnizität als transformierbare Ressource. Formung und Gebrauch von ethnischer Identität bei den Banabans [Ethnicity as a transformable resource. Formation and use of ethnic identity among the Banabans]

HESSE, KLAUS: Die Mongolei und China. Spezialisierung, Arbeits-teilung, Politik und Formen des Austausches in historisch-ethnologischer Perspektive [Mongolia and China. Specialization, division of labor, politics and forms of exchange in historical-anthropological perspective]

DOHRMANN, ALKE: Conflicts on Land in the Southern Highlands of Ethiopia. A Case Study on the Hadiyya People

KIRSCHT, HOLGER: 28 „Months“ Make one Year. An Agricultural Calendar in Bomo State, Nigeria

MAASS, PETRA: All lies in the eye of the beholder. Anthropological Perspectives on Cultural Landscapcs, Religious Worldviews and Environmental Conservation

MÜNZEL, MARK: Gekreuzte Mythen. Die Ungewissheit der Feld-forschung am Beispiel eines frühen Vorläufer [Crossed myths. The uncertainty of fieldwork in the case of an early forerunner]

TAFLA, BAIRU: The Reminiscence Dimension of Historiography. The State o Biographical Writing in Ethiopia and Eritrea

GASCON, ALAIN: Ethiopia in 1936. Adventurers Rather than Ethnologists

DAAIMO, SOLOMOON: Some Memories of My Life as a Research Assistant

DEIMEL, CLAUS: Reise zu den Hadiyya in Qaalisha bei Hossana, über Addis Abeba, mit Wendo Genet und Shashemene [Voyage to the Hadiyya in Qaalisha near Hossana, via Addis Ababa, with Wendo Genet and Shashemene]

HAUSER-SCHÄUBLIN, BRIGITTA: Jenseits von Feldforschung. Koope-rationen mit Partnern in den Ländern unserer Untersuchungen [Beyond fieldwork. Cooperation with partners in the countries of our research]

STEIN, LOTHAR: Das wechselvolle Schicksal des Ethnographischen Museums in Khartoum [The varied fate of the Ethnographic museum in Khartoum]

KRÜGER, GUNDOLF: Von Macao nach Göttingen und zurück. Ein Südsee-Gemälde im interkulturellen Dialog [From Macao to Göttingen and back. A South Seas painting in intercultural dialog]

LIESEGANG, GERHARD: Selma (8th Century BC), Takusheyi (13th/14th Century AD) and Surame (16th/17th Century AD). Research on the rise of the Iron Age, the States of Kalsina, Gobir and Kebbi

BUSTORF, DIRK: Ausgewählte Bibliographie Ulrich Braukämpers [Select bibliography of Ulrich Braukämper]





Nah dran und live dabei. Kollaboration und verdeckte Autorschaft in der Auslandsberichterstattung

Tsantsa 15.2010:18-27

Keywords: hidden authorship, authorship, news reporting, journalism, fieldwork and journalism, nation state


##Close up - Collaboration and Hidden Authorship in Foreign News Reporting

This article examines journalistic practice in foreign news reporting. Although its journalistic practice may raise a variety of questions similar to those brought up by ethnographic fieldwork, the author demonstrates how journalism is bound to an event-focused timeframe as well as to-specific socio-political conditions. From this perspective, the article discusses the obligations news reporting has to the nation-state as well as the much neglected collaboration of correspondents within local networks.##









Landscapes of postmodernity. Concepts and paradigms of critical theory

(American studies in Austria 10)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2010

286 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-643-50201-8

Keywords: postmodernism, identity and postmodernism, literature and postmodernism 


##In Landscapes of postmodernity, a group of young scholars link key concepts of postmodern thought to our present everyday experience in which we change our identities on a regular basis. While many of the essays look at less conventional modes of aesthetic representation –  computer games, graphic novels, telenovelas, queer and animated films –  others analyze more canonical works following less conventional approaches. Either way, the cultural and literary cartographies presented in this book allow America to be conceived as polymorphous or transnational, celebrating a new American self that is aware and proud of its non-Anglo-Saxon origins.## Many of the 17 papers analyze literary texts, but there are also discussions of a more anthropological kind, e.g. the discussion of Derrida’s reading of Lévi-Strauss.





Kindheit und Jugend anderswo. Ergebnisse ethnographischer Feld-forschungen

(Ethnologie. Forschung und Wissenschaft 22)

Wien: Lit Verlag 2010

298 pp., Euro 31.90; ISBN 3-643-80044-2

Keywords: childhood (anthropology of), anthropology of childhood, Mbyá-Guaraní, Roma, Tsiggani, Tamilian youths


Childhood and youth elsewhere. Results of ethnographic fieldwork

These papers by final-year students of the University of Zurich, based on participant observation, share the perspective of recent approaches of the anthropology of childhood considering the child as an independent social actor.

EGLI, WERNER M.: Neue Kindheitsforschung, teilnehmende Beob-achtung und fremde Lebenswelten von Kindern und Jugendlichen

BARRERA-WILLI, SERAINA PEĄA: Freiheit und Kontrolle des pochy – Kindheit und Adoleszenz bei den Mbyá-Guaraní in Argentinien

LEGNINI, PATRIZIA: Die Roma haben ein Kilogramm Gold, wir Zigeuner nur ein Viertelgramm – Ethnische Zugehörigkeit im  Alltag von Romakindern eines rumänischen Dorfes

ZEHNDER-MALCOTSIS, SOFIA: Was bedeutet die Alphabetisierung der Kinder der Tsiggani in Ano Liosia, Athen?

LÜTHI, CHRISTINA: Westafrikanische Traditionen der Oralliteratur im städtischen Kontext: Funktionen der Märchen im Alltag von Kindern in Bamako, Mali

HUBER, ROSMARIE: Arbeit oder Schule? – Der Kreislauf von Kinderarbeit in der Textilstadt Tirupur, Südindien

FREI, SARAH: ...weil sie nicht meine Schwester ist! – Heimalltag und Familienbild in zwei Mädchenheimen in Bolivien

GÄUMANN, SIMONE: Perspektiven von paraguayanischen Jugendlichen in villas miserias in Buenos Aires im Spannungsfeld des argentinischen Migrationsdiskurses

KERSTEN, LUCIA: Entre le voile et la mini-jupe – Wie Jugendliche maghrebinischer Herkunft in der Banlieue von Paris Lebensweise und Identität aushandeln

HALFHIDE, THERESE: Der Freitag ist mein Lieblingstag - Aufwachsen als tamilisches Mädchen im Schweizer Exil

EMCH, SYLVIA EILEEN & URSINA MÜLLER: Einblick in den Alltag von tamilischen Jugendlichen in der Schweiz als Grundlage eines interkulturellen Lehrmittels





Die Öffentlichkeit des Fremden. Inszenierungen kultureller Alterität im langen 19. Jahrhundert

(Kulturgeschichtliche Perspektiven 7)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

276 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-643-10568-4

Keywords: alterity, stagesetting alterity, identity, colonialism, slavery, orientalism, Pavlova, A., censorship, theater satire


The public sphere of the Other. Productions of cultural alterity in the long 19th century

BALME, CHRISTOPHER: Pan-Polynesian identity and the colonial public sphere: The New Zealand International Exhibition, Christchurch 1906-07

MAY, YOMB: Der „Orient... im Auge meiner Tochter des Okzidents...“ Ida von Hahn-Hahn und die (De-)Konstruktion kultureller Alterität in den Orientalischen Briefen [Ida von Hahn-Hahn and the (De-)Construction of cultural alterity in the Orientalische Briefe]

LUKANITSCHEWA, SWETLANA: Die Fremdheit als Schlüssel zum Erfolg. Russische Dandys – Schöpfer und Protagonisten des Mythos „Silbernes Zeitalter“ [Alterity as a key to success. Russian dandies – creators and protagonists of the myth of the „Silver Age“]

HAITZINGER, NICOLE: Anna Pawlova: „ą travers les siŹcles“. Zu Kreation, Rezeption und Re-Konstruktion eines Personalstils [On the creation, reception, and re-construction of a personal style]

STAUSS, SEBASTIAN: Die Fremdheit des Obszönen. Zur Zensur im Münchener Theaterleben um 1900 [The alterity of the obscene. On censorship in theaters in Munich around 1900]

ENGLHART, ANDREAS: Die Theatralität des öffentlichen Skandals um Karl Boromäus Alexander Sessas Theaterstück Unser Verkehr [The theatrality of the public scandal on K.B.A. Sessa’s play Unser Verkehr]

DOBREVA, DOROTEJA: Historisches Gedächtnis und Identitätskon-struktionen im bulgarischen Europäisierungsdiskurs. Das Fallbeispiel „Batak“ [Historical memory and identity constructions in the Bulgarian Europeization discourse – The case of „Batak“]

FISCHER, ANNEMARIE: Die Dramaturgie des Skandals. Therese Krones und der Raubmörder Severin von Jaroszinky als Bühnenfiguren [The dramaturgy of the scandal. Therese Krones and the robber and murderer Severin von Jaroszinky as stage figures]

PARGNER, BIRGIT: Die Persiflierung der Öffentlichkeit und des Fremden in der Theatersatire Ludwig Tiecks [The ‚satirization’ of the public and the Other in the theater satire of Ludwig Tieck]

GEHL, KATERINA & PETAR PETROV: Die „deutschen“ Journalisten oder wie Gustav Freytag auf die bulgarische Öffentlichkeit traf [The ‚German’ journalists, or, how Gustav Freytag encountered the Bulgarian public]

OTTENBACHER, ALBERT: Das öffentliche Bild des Indianers. Eine kleine Genealogie eines auch heute noch virulenten medialen Images [The public image of the American Indian. A little genealogy of a still virulent medial image]

RIESCHE, BARBARA: „Frohe Aussichten“ für die „Africanische Hundsgesichte“. Die europäische Sklavereidebatte in der deutschen Öffentlichkeit [„Happy prospects“ for the „African miserables“. The European debate on slavery in the German public]

DRÜNER, ANNIE-LAURE: Eher „feig“ als „tapfer“? Neue Dokumente zur Wiener Staatsoper unter Direktor Erwin Kerber 1936-1940 [New documents on the Vienna State Opera under the director Erwin Kerber 1936-1940]

VETTERMANN, GABI: „... la voix du peuple a dit qui.“ [The voice of the people has said ‚yes’]





Geschlecht und Innovation. Gender-mainstreaming im Techno-Wissen-schaftsbetrieb. Internationale Frauen- und Genderforschung in Nieder-sachsen. Teilband 4

(Focus Gender 12)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

243 pp., Euro 24.90; ISBN 3-643-10712-1

Keywords: gender-mainstreaming, technology and gender, universities and gender, innovation and gender


Gender and innovation. Gender-mainstreaming in the field of techno-science. International gender research in Lower Saxony [Germany]. Part 4

This volume presents innovative methods of Gender-mainstreaming in higher education institutions, focus are impulses of gender and diversity management the fields of technology and the natural sciences. The culture of science seems to be a challenge in order to continuously create new concepts and strategies for establishing equal opportunities. Why is this so difficult especially in a field which has innovation, in technology and science, as its hallmark? The authors ask questions – to overcome gender hierarchies in the innovation areas of new technologies, IT, physics, robotics, webdesign, and new relationships of technology and gender are designed and discussed.












Grenzregime. Geschlechterkonstellationen zwischen Kulturen und Räumen der Globalisierung. Internationale Frauen- und Genderforschung in Niedersachsen. Teilband 5

(Focus Gender 13)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

230 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-10713-8

Keywords: gender, globalization and gender, norms of gender


Orders of border. Gender constellations between cultures and spaces of globalization. International gender research in Lower Saxony [Germany]. Part 5

The authors inquire into the intercultural dimension of gender constructs and the history of gender and migration: How, across borders, the understanding of gender has changed just as the persons, moving between cultures and spaces of globalization. Have old hierarchies been abandoned or have they become stronger? How do gender relations change in foreign environments? Are there global transformations of gender relations? The authors analyze old and new, ‚eastern’ and ‚western’ norms of masculinity. Artistic imagination intertwined with cultural ideologies and political reality become comprehensible. New geographies of gender are generated and researched.





Ethik – Geschlecht – Medizin. Körpergeschichten in politischer Reflexion. Internationale Frauen- und Genderforschung in Niedersachsen. Teilband 6

(Focus Gender 14)

Berlin: Lit Verlag 2010

210 pp., Euro 19.90; ISBN 3-643-10714-5

Keywords: gender and medicine, medicine and gender, discourses on gender, biotechnology and gender


Ethics – gender – medicine. Body narratives in political reflection. International gender research in Lower Saxony [Germany]. Part 6

The authors inquire into the normative dimension of medical and biological research and the foundation of gender norms through medicine, biology, and ethics. What are the gender-political dimensions of breast cancer research, ovular donation or osteoporosis? What are ideas of gender connected with medical care? Is there a new normative process of gender-bodies found in present biotechnology? What does it mean when ethics is taken to be a pathway to the liberation from biologistic norms? Old and new narratives of the relations between reproduction, gender, sexuality, health and political rights are discussed. The authors show that these fields of discourse are politically contested. The body, which is to be optimized, is economically focused in such discourses.





Die Figur des Dritten. Ein kulturwissenschaftliches Paradigma

(Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 1971)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2010

328 pp., Euro 13,-; ISBN 3-518-29571-7

Keywords: third person, tricksters, rivals, parasites, gender, cyborgs, hybridity


The figure of the third. A paradigm of the cultural sciences

The 21 papers in this book deal with key figures of 20th century theorizing on this topic: parasites, tricksters, rivals, third gender, cyborgs, etc. It is argued that this is theoretically significant: categories such as third space or hybridity would show a new sensibility for delimiting and discrimination, whereas before such entities led a shadowy existence in discourses.





Nichts gewagt, nichts gewonnen. Die Ausstellung „Anders zur Welt kommen. Das Humboldt-Forum im Schloss. Ein Werkstattblick“

Paideuma 56.2010:241-262

Keywords: museology, exhibitions


Nothing ventured, nothing gained. The exhibition „Anders zur Welt kommen. Das Humboldt-Forum im Schloss. Ein Werkstattblick“

This paper discusses the museal strategy and pedagogics of the Berlin exhibition named in the title. Förster analyzes the new presentation, subdivided in anthropological, cultural-scientific, and museological frames, to ask what the actual program or aim of the exhibition is.






Die Ethnographen des letzten Paradieses

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2010

359 pp., 1 CD, Euro 36.80; ISBN 3-8376-1332-2

Keywords: paradise, Plessen, V.v., Spies, W., cannibals, headhunters, Calonarang, film, Butoh, Artaud, A., orientalism, dance, ritual, music


Ethnographers of the last paradise

The papers of this book are based on a symposium at the University of Frankfurt, Germany, in 2006.

BÖRSCH, DANIEL: Maler, Ethnograph, Ornithologe, Filmemacher und Schriftsteller: Aus dem Leben des Baron Victor von Plessen [Painter, ethnographer, ornithologist, filmmaker and writer. About the life of Baron Victor von Plessen]

PLESSEN, BARON VICTOR VON: Malaiisches Tagebuch. Auszüge aus dem unveröffentlichten Manuskript [Malayan diary. Excerpts from the unpublished manuscript]


JORDT, HORST: Zeugnisse einer Freundschaft zwischen Spies und von Plessen. Ein Blick in unveröffentlichte Briefe [Evidence of a friendship between Spies and von Plessen. Examples from unpublished letters]

GOTTOWIK, VOLKER: Ein Ritual ohne Höhepunkt? Der Kreis um Wal-ter Spies und die Deutung des Calonarang [A ritual without culmination? The circle around Walter Spies and the interpretation of the Calonarang]

FUHRMANN, WOLFGANG: Optische Gemälde: Vorläufige Überle-gungen zur Geschichte und Ästhetik des ethnographischen Films [Optical paintings. Preliminary reflections on the history and aesthetics of ethnographic film]

WAZ, GERLINDE: Zwischen Ethnographie und Poesie: Victor von Plessens „Südseefilme“ im Spiegel seiner Zeit [Between ethnography and poetry: Victor von Plessen’s „South sea films“ in the mirror of his time]

HORNBACHER, ANNETTE: ,,Ein Zustand vor der Sprache“. Artauds experimentelles Theater als transkultureller Entwurf zwischen baline-sischem Tanzdrama und japanischem Butoh [„A state before speech“. Artaud’s experimental theater as transcultural outline between Balinese dance drama and Japanese Butoh]

DRESSEL, GERHARD: Plessen Factory. Visuelle Anthropologie und multimediales Theater [Plessen Factory. Visual anthropology and mulitmedial theater]

ZIEGLER, SUSANNE: Mit dem Phonographen unterwegs: Historische Tonaufnahmen indonesischer Musik im Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv [On the road with the phonograph. Historical recordings of Indonesian music in the Berlin Phonogram Archive]

KRAUS, WERNER: Benevolenter Orientalismus? Linda Bandaras Bemü-hen um die javanische Musik [Benevolent Orientalism? Linda Bandara’s efforts regarding Javanese music]

STEPPUTAT, KENDRA: The Genesis of a Dance-Genre: Walter Spies and the Kecak

LANG, DIRK: Von eigenen und fremden Kannibalen: Imagination und Projektion am Beispiel des Kannibalismus-Topos bei den Batak auf Sumatra [Of own and alien cannibals: Imagination and projection in the case of the cannibalism topos among the Batak of Sumatra]

CORDES, HILTRUD: Die Enkel der Kopfjäger. Zur Entstehungs-geschichte eines Dokumentarfilms [The grandchildren of the headhunters. On the making of a documentary]





Ethnologie und Journalismus: Moralischer Kompromiss oder hilfreiche Synergie?

Tsantsa 15.2010:61-71

Keywords: anthropology and journalism, journalism, morals and journalism, media and anthropology


##Anthropology and journalism: moral compromise or useful synergy?

The article examines the insufficient presence of German ethnologists in the media. The author describes her own work experience as a TV-journalist focusing on reports about emigrants and foreign cultures - within Germany and abroad. The systematization of her practical experience allows the author to demonstrate where a need for an ethnoloqical point of view exists in journalism and how ethnologists could maintain a continuous and meaningful presence in the media.##





Körper und Gedächtnis

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

245 pp., Euro 24.95; ISBN 3-531-16924-8

Keywords: memory and body, body and memory, tattoo, confession, rites, secular rites, habitus, performance

Body and memory

All mental abilities have an organic basis – this is the connection between memory and body. As a social fact recollection needs repeated „incantations“ so it does not disappear. Individual memory and personal recollection is often connected with conscious processes, but frequently certain experiences of learning have become unconscious mental and bodily moulding. Hahn systematically focuses on this connection between body and memory, dealing with the „stagesetting of memory“, cultic and secular rites and ceremonies, attention, habitus and memory, handwriting and tattoo, the „honesty“ of the body, identifications and their social construction, the complex of confessions, culture as a medium, bourgeois culture as education, and the sociology of the bricoleur.





Unternehmertum, Arbeit, Sprache. Zur Mikrofundierung des Neo-Institutionalismus

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:1-28

Keywords: entrepreneurship, work, language, neo-institutionalism, institutionalism


Entrepreneurship, work, language. On the micro-foundation of neo-institutionalism

##This article discusses concepts of a micro-foundation of the new institutionalism stemming from the idea of institutlonal entrepreneurs which intentionally utilize and shape institutions. The sociology of social problems serves as a frame of reference and as a conceptual resource pool. Based on conceptual linkages between the new institutionalism and the sociology of social problems we develop two suggestions for advancing the micro-perspective of the new institutionalism: (1) a revision of the concept of work in order to better incorporate mundane local practices and routinized behaviour, and (2) a linguistic turn which instead of focusing on rhetorical strategies - highlights the everyday handling of accounts.##





Geschichtlich-Kulturelle Nachhaltigkeit

Erwägen Wissen Ethik 21.2010:435-449

Keywords: sustainability, culture and sustainability, self-reflection


Historical-cultural sustainability

##Peter Heintel and Larissa Krainer propose to free the term sustainability of its moral meaning (content, implications) and to analyse it as a cultural concept. To do so, culture should not be seen as an extension of the classic three-pillar mode of sustainability, but as a moment in which new meaning is created. In a second step, culture is shown to be a dialectical phenomenon and a term of process. If sustainability is to have an effect, it is necessary to design, define and collectively agree on a new aim for history, the authors Peter Heintel and Larissa Krainer argue. After a detailed criticism of the "Modell Neuzeit" – which they demonstrate is one-sided (and unbalanced) – Heintel and Krainer propose to design cultural sustainability as a culture of self-reflection.##





Numerische Differenz. Überlegungen zu einer Soziologie des (quantita-tiven) Vergleichs

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:162-181

Keywords: quantitative comparison, comparison in sociology, numerical difference, difference and quantification 


##Numerical Difference. Toward a Sociology of (Quantitative) compari-sons

In this contribution comparisons are considered to be elementary social forms, and they are analyzed within a communication-theoretical perspective. Across different media of communication, comparisons are expressed linguistically, numerically, or visually, and this differentiation is the focus of the present investigation. The use of numbers, visual representations, and language each affects communication in a particular manner, and quantification is particularly effective in promoting the acceptance of communication. This effectiveness corresponds to what is here termed the „numerical difference,“ a difference illustrated by the ubiquitous use of quantitative comparisons drawn from statistics, rankings, or ratings. In the first part of the paper elementary characterlstics of comparisons and their communicativeness are discussed. In the second part, the differentiation of linguistic, visual, and numerical media is utilized in order to investigate how the form of messages may influence the likelihood of their acceptance. These observations are related to issues of globalization in the third part of the paper, where they are discussed with respect to concepts employed by studies of diffusion within the new institutionalism.##





Populäre Events. Medienevents, Spielevents, Spaßevents. 2. Überarbeitete Auflage

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

318 pp., Euro 34.95; ISBN 3-531-15770-2

Keywords: events, media events, game events, fun events, trekkies, communication, cyber games, Halloween


Popular events. Media events, game events, fun events. 2nd edition

HEPP, ANDREAS: Stefan Raab, Regina Zindler und der Maschen-drahtzaun: Ein populäres Medienereignis als Beispiel der Eventisierung von Medienkommunikation [Stefan Raab, Regina Zindler and the wire netting-fence: A popular media event as a case of eventization of media communication]

EISENBÜRGER, IRIS: Stars, Sterne und unendliche Weiten: die Events der Trekkie-Szene [STARS, stars and infinite space: The events of the Trekki scene]

HEPP, ANDREAS & VERONIKA KRÖNERT: Der katholische Welt-jugendtag als Hybridevent: Religiöse Medienereignisse im Spannungsfeld zwischen Mediatisierung und Individualisierung [The Catholic World Youth Meeting as hybrid event: Religious media events between mediatization and individualization]

VOGELSANG, WALDEMAR: LAN-Partys: die Eventisierung eines jugendkulturellen Erlebnisraums [LAN parties: The eventization of a youth-cultural space of experience]

WIMMER, JEFFREY et al.: „Beyond the game“?! Die World Cyber Games 2008 in Köln als populäres Spielevent der Computerspielindustrie [The World Cyber Games 2008 in Cologne as a popular game event of the computer game industry]

LORIG, PHILIPP & WALDEMAR VOGELSANG: Paintball: Sport oder Kriegsspiel? – Räuber und Gendarm als Event für Erwachsene [Paintball: Sports or war game? Cops and robbers as events for adults]

HÖHN, MARCO: Tot aber glücklich. Halloween – die Nacht der lebenden Toten als Event-Mix [Dead but happy. Halloween – the night of the living dead as event mix]

KRÜDENER, BETTINA & JÖRGEN SCHULZE-KRÜDENER: Da war noch was: Zur Eventisierung des Jugendbrauchtums in der Region am Beispiel der Spaßfeten [There was something else: on the eventization of youth traditions in a region: The case of fun parties]





Modernität - zur Kritik eines Schlüsselbegriffs soziologischer Zeitdiagnose

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:153-178

Keywords: modernity, Weber, M.


##Modernity: A critique of a key concept in the sociological diagnosis of our  time

The article discusses different research perspectives of the concept of modernity. Against the background of Max Weber's diagnosis of the time, it analyzes the circular construction of this concept. Using discourse theory, the article traces the most important meanings of this concept as developed in the work of authors like Beck, Luhmann, Taylor, Habermas and Eisenstadt. Contrary to existing assumptions of a universal concept of modernity, the article argues for a sociological analysis of the concept of modernity in the line of post-colonial approach, which then can be used for a more adequate diagnosis of the time.##





Jugendliche als Täter und Opfer von Gewalt

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

294 pp., Euro 34.90; ISBN 3-531-17056-5

Keywords: violence, youth violence, victims, culprits, Amok, shootings, gangs


Young people as culprits and victims of violence

IMBUSCH, PETER: Jugendgewalt in Entwicklungsländern – Hintergründe und Erklärungsmuster [Youth violence in developing countries: Back-ground and patterns of explanation]

OLDENBURG, SILKE: Zwischen Akzeptanz und Widerstand – Jugendliche Lebenswelten im kolumbianischen Bürgerkrieg [Between acceptance and resistance: Young life worlds in the Columbian civil war]

KIRSCHNER, ANDREA: Jugend, Gewalt und sozialer Wandel in Afrika [Youth, violence and social change in Africa]

KURTENBACH, SABINE: Jugendliche in Nachkriegsgesellschaften – Kontinuität und Wandel von Gewalt [Young people in postwar societies – Continuity and change of violence]

HUHN, SEBASTIAN, ANNIKA OETTLER & PETER PEETZ: Jugend-banden in Zentralamerika – Zur sozialen Konstruktion einer teuflischen Tätergruppe [Youth gangs in Central America. On the social construction of a devilish group of delinquents]

HEWERA, BIRTE: School shootings und Amok – Perspektiven der Gewaltforschung [School shootings and Amok. Perspectives of violence research]





Technik, Ethik, Wissenschaft: Grundlagenreflexionen zur neuen Philo-sophie der Wissenschaften

Erwägen Wissen Ethik 21.2010:513-523

Keywords: philosophy of science, ethics and science


Technology, ethics, science: Basic reflections on the new philosophy of the sciences

##To reflect the relation between Science and Ethics, I draw on the new wave of philosophy of science and technology, which occured since the l0th century. This new wave reconstructs the identification of complex developmental dynamics in the field of technology, economy, and science, cultural and social embedding. Furthermore it points to the proper place of ethical reflection in this process. Ethics will become a mode of applied philosophy in an external and internal manner. To overcome the Theory of the two cultures I propose a trichotomy of the term science: I ) instrumental science of nature and technology, 2) pragmatic cultural studies and social sciences, moral philosophy, 3) theoretical-methodological basic research, ethics. The second distinction: 1) instrumental-technical, 2) institutional social and 3) methodologically justifying level. This differentiation applies to science of nature, science of technology, social sciences und cultural studies and the science of science alike.##








The crisis of anthropology

Paideuma 56.2010:99-121

Keywords: crisis of anthropology, representation


This paper gives a historical overview of major developments or courses anthropology took in the 20th century, subdivided in several phases. ##If the present state of anthropology is to be judged according to what eminent practitioners of the discipline have to say about it, one cannot help having the impression that it is in serious crisis or even faces imminent decline.##





Doing anthropology in wartime and war zones. World War I and the cultural sciences in Europe

Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag 2010

392 pp., Euro 38.80; ISBN 3-8376-1422-0

Keywords: war zones, prisoners of war, ‚race’, World War I, anthropology of war, borders, film


##World War I marks a well-known turning point in anthropology, and this volume is the first to examine the variety of forms it took in Europe. Distinct national traditions emerged and institutes were founded, partly due to collaborations with the military. Researchers in the cultural sciences used war zones to gain access to „informants“: prisoner-of-war and refugee camps, occupied territories, even the front lines. Anthropologists tailored their inquiries to aid the war effort, contributed to interpretations of the war as a „struggle“ between „races“, and assessed the „warlike“ nature of the Balkan region, whose crises were key to the outbreak of the Great War.##

SCHEER, MONIQUE, CHRISTIAN MARCHETTI & REINHARD JOHLER: „A Time Like No Other“: The Impact of the Great War on European Anthropology

KUKLICK, HENRIKA: Continuity and Change in British Anthropology, 1914-1919

MOGILNER, MARINA: Doing Anthropology in Russian Military Uni-form

SIMONIS, PAOLO DE & FABIO DIE: Wartime Folklore: Italian Anthropology and the First World War

EVANS, ANDREW D.: Science behind the Lines: The effects of World War I on Anthropology in Germany

JOHLER, REINHARD: Laboratory Conditions: German-Speaking Volks-kunde and the Great War

PROMITZER, CHRISTIAN: „Betwixt and Between“: Physical Anthro-pology in Bulgaria and Serbia until the End of the First World War

CORDILEONE, DIANA REYNOLDS: Swords into Souvenirs: Bosnian Arts and Crafts under Habsburg Administration

REBER, URSULA: The Experience of Borders: Montenegrin Tribesmen at War

MARCHETTI, CHRISTIAN: Austro-Hungarian Volkskunde at War: Scientists on Ethnographic Mission in World War I

BERNER, MARGIT: Large-Scale Anthropological Surveys in Austria-Hungary, 1871-1918

OLIN, MARGARET: Jews among the Peoples: Visual Archives in German Prison Camps during the Great War

SCHEER, MONIQUE: Captive Voices: Phonographic Recordings in the German and Austrian Prisoner-of-War Camps of World War I

LANGE, BRITTA: AfterMath: Anthropological Data from Prisoner-of-War Camps

FUHRMANN, WOLFGANG: Ethnographic Films from Prisoner-of-War Camps and the Aesthetics of Early Cinema





Hundertfünfzig Jahre Psychopathologie und Kultur: Von den minder-wertigen Frontallappen der Eingeborenen zur kulturellen Neurowissen-schaft

Curare 33,1/2.2010:33-41

Keywords: neurosciences, culture and neuroscience, psychopathology, traumatic stress disorder, nature and nurture


##The Perennial Debate on Culture and Psychopathology: From Inferior Frontal Lobes to Cultural Neuroscience

A core issue in working with immigrants and refugees – both in the so-called western as well as in the international context of mental health is the relation between biology and culture. This article distinguishes four perspectives of psychopathology that prevailed over the past 150 years. The first perspective is the "dichotomous perspective" that focused on either biology or culture as an explanatory model. This perspective was dominant during colonial times and was partially substituted by and overlapped with the next perspective. The second perspective is the "continuum-perspective" that attributed a "disorder" to the biological, socio-cultural, cognitive, emotional and linguistic aspects of behaviour. The third perspective is the "spectrum-perspective" that filters psychopathology through a prism into divergent behavioural patterns that can be studied. The fourth, which is also the latest and perspective that bears overlaps with the other ones, is the "cultural neuroscientific perspective." Cultural neuroscience tries to answer two main questions: 1) how do cultural traits (e.g., values, beliefs, practices) shape neurobiology (e.g., genetic and neural processes) and behaviour; and 2) how do neurobiological mechanisms (e.g., genetic and neural processes) facilitate the emergence and transmission of cultural traits? This article concludes with an example of traumatic stress disorder showing how cultural neuroscience may help to transcend the dichotomy between universalism and relativism, between nature and nurture, and between genotype and phenotype.##





Der Niedergang der klinischen Sektion: Dysfunktionalität der Praxis statt Tabuisierung des toten Körpers

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:247-272

Keywords: death, body and death, dissection, autopsy


The decline of clinical dissection/autopsy: Dysfunction of practice instead of tabuization of the dead body

##Despite the fact that the benefits of hospital autopsies are regularly emphasized in medical journals, autopsy rates continue to fall in Germany as well as in other western countries. Therefore explanations for this decline were sought. It was found that the attitudes of the public are surprisingly positive and cannot explain declining autopsy rates. Rather are institutional causes and medical changes of importance. Hospitals, autopsies' vague status as a medical practice seems to be the most relevant factor for their decline.##







State, power, and violence. Including an E-Book-Version...

(Ritual dynamics and the science of ritual 3$$)

Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2010

831 pp., Euro ,-; ISBN 3-447-06203-9

Keywords: ritual, power and ritual, violence and ritual, Bible and ritual, violence and Bible, empowerment, torture and Abu Ghraib, Abu Ghraib, Tamil resistence, martyrs, sacrifice, kingship, sanctity, propaganda, mediation and ritual, prodigies, corruption, legitimacy, usurpation and ritual, excommunication, academic ritual, Buddhism and ritual, Dussehra rituals


##Held in Heidelberg from September 29 to October 2, 2008 by the collaborative research center SFB 619 "Ritual Dynamics", the international conference "Ritual Dynamics and the Science of Ritual" assembled most of the leading experts on rituals studies and more than 600 participants for the purpose of reassessing the traditional subject in view of the latest research. The results, which are presented in five volumes, are pathbreaking for future transcultural, interdisciplinary and multimethodical research on rituals. The convention was marked by the broad range of disciplines and the corresponding diversity of methods. It embraced a great variety of topics in terms of cultural geography and spanned a time horizon from antiquity to the present. The proceedings show how broadly the term ritual can be defined, as well as the conditions, modes and functions of ritual actions in different cultures of the present and past.##

Poinē as a Ritual Leitmotif in the Iliad

NOEGEL, SCOTT: The Ritual Use of Linguistic and Textual Violence 
in the Hebrew Bible and Ancient Near East

Empowering Men Ritually in Ancient lndia

SCHALK, PETER: Memorialisation of Martyrs 
in the Tamiḻ Resistance Movement of Īḻam/Laṃkā

BINDER, WERNER: Ritual Dynamics and Torture:
 The Performance of Violence and Humiliation 
at the Abu Ghraib Prison

ARGENTI, ALEXANDRA: The Fear of the Sorcerer:
 Finding a Peaceful moment for a Sacrifice in Southern Sri Lanka

VORLÄNDER, HANS: Verfassungen und Ritual ein Vormoderne und Moderne

BUC, PHILIPPE: Religion, Coercion, and Violence in Medieval Ritual

FALKOWSKI, WOJCIECH: The Humility and Humiliation of the King – Rituals and Emotions

SPANOS, APOSTOLOS: Imperial Sanctity and Politico-Ecclesiastical Propaganda in Byzantium (Ninth-Fifteenth Century)

QUACK, JOACHIM FRIEDRICH: Political rituals:
 Sense and Nonsense of a Term and its Application to Ancient Egypt

NUFFELEN, PETER VAN: Beyond Bureaucracy:
 Ritual Mediation in Late Antiquity

ROSENBERGER, VEIT: Strange Signs, Divine Wrath, and the Dynamics of Rituals: The Expiation of Prodigies in the Roman Republic

TÖBELMANN, PAUL: The Limits of Ritual:
 Mistakes and Mis-conceptions, lies and Betrayals 
at Peace Conferences in Fifteenth Century France

SEELE, PETER: Is There an Economic Benefit in Participating in Rituals? An Institutional Economics Analysis of Transaction Costs and Institutional stability

SCHLÄPPI, DANIEL: Politische Riten. Ämterkauf und geschmierte Plebiszite: Ritualisierler Ressourcentransfer in der Alten Eidgenossenschaft (17. und 18.J ahrhundert) [Political rites. Purchase of offices and corrupt plebiscites: Ritualized resource transfer in the old Swiss Confederation, 17the and 18th centuries]

TORRE, ANGELO: Ritual and Jurisdiction in Northern ltaly (Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

SCHWEDLER, GERALD & ELENI TOUNTA: Usurping Rituals: The Correlation between Formalised Repetitive Behaviour and Legitimacy

Usurpation: Term and Concept. 
A Missing Entry in the "Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe“

DE BACKER, FABRICE: Fragmentation of the Enemy in the Ancient Near East during the Neo-Assyrian Period

Salutationes in Republican and Imperial Rome: Development, Functions and Usurpations of the Ritual

TOUNTA, ELENI: Usurpation, Acceptance and Legitimacy in Medieval Europe: An Analysis of the Dynamic Relations between 
Ritual Structure and Political Power

Usurping Space Usurping Ritual: Early Medieval Synods in Comparison

New Masters and Old Rituals:
 Edward I, Robert the Bruce, Philip the Fair and the Role of Rituals in Conquest

JASER, CHRISTIAN: Usurping the Spiritual Sword:
 Performative and Literary Alienations of Ritual Excommunication

DARTMANN, CHRISTOPH: The Usurpator in the City:
 Rituals of Power in Northern Italian City-States

FÜSSEL, MARIAN: Rituals in Crisis?
 The Dynamics of German Aca-demic Ritual in the Age of Enlightenment

RICHTER, SUSAN: The Prussian Royal Coronation An Usurpation of Ceremonial?

Rituals in Twentieth-Century Dictatorships:
 Jean-Bédel Bokassa and "his" Central African Empire, 1976-1919

KULKE, HERMANN: Ritual Sovereignty and Ritual Policy: Some Historiographic Reflections

Festivals as Ritual:
 An exploration into the convergence of rituals and the state in Early India

Buddha's Tooth Relic: Contesting Rituals and the Early State in Sri Lanka

SAHU, BHAIRABI PRASAD: Rituals, royalty and Rajya in early medi-eval Eastern India

Creating Ritual Structure for a Kingdom: The Case of Medieval Mewar

DEVRA, G.S.L.: Evolution of Antagonistic Rituals in Pre-modern So-cieties in Asia: A Case Study of Śaka and Jāuhar

Rethinking "Politico-Ritual states": 
Sitting on the Lap of a Bhuiyan: Coronation Ceremonies in Keonjhar

PATI, BISWAMOY: The Diverse implications of Legitimacy: Rituals, State and the Common People in Colonial Orissa, 1800-l940s

Mahabali Returns to Kerala:
 Rituals of Sovereignty in Past and Present

SKODA, UWE: State Rituals after the Abolition of the State: Dossehra Rituals in Bonai/Orissa before and after Merger





The end of anthropology – an endless debate

Paideuma 56.2010:87-98

Keywords: end of anthropology, crisis of representation, writing culture, representation, othering


Kohl contemplates the issue by (among other things) referring to and describing positions of some of the other authors in this volume of Paideuma, as well as positions of authors not represented here. In general, he opines that:

##The current crisis in anthropology thus has little to do with its object of study, which has always been engaged in processes change, but rather with the discipline itself. Following the so-called ‚writing culture debate’, anthropology’s customary approaches and forms of representation have been subjected to a trenchant critique that destabilized the field’s very foundations. What we have come to refer to as ‚othering’ today is viewed as the field’s grate fall from grace. With their critiques of their predecessors’ authoritative styles, today’s anthropologists have also undermined their own authority. The postcolonial debate has contributed further to anthropology’s disempowerment.##





Propheten der Finanzmärkte. Zur Rolle charismatischer Ideen im Börsengeschehen

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:499-526

Keywords: stock markets, ‚prophets’ and stock exchange, charisma and economy, Weber, M., expectations and economy


##Prophets of financial markets. On the role of charismatic ideas in the functioning of stock markets

Financial markets are marked by considerable uncertainty. Actors in financial markets are nevertheless constantly forced to make decisions. This article pursues the question of how they cope with this problem of decision-making. Based on a critical discussion of the concept of „expectations of expectations", Max Weber's concept of charisma is introduced to gain a better understanding of the influence of ,,stock market prophets" on investment decisions and to explain such influence as a social process.##





Unter Ethnologen und Künstlern

Paideuma 56.2010:7-22

Keywords: Kramer F.W., anthropologists


Among anthropologists and artists

In this account Kramer describes his life and pathway as an anthropologist, which includes reflections on the discipline of anthropology.






Metapher und sozialwissenschaftliche Terminologie. Anmerkungen zur räumlichen Metaphorik bei Bruno Latour

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:113-142

Keywords: metaphor, Latour, B., Actor-Network-Theory, ANT, rhetoric, hybrid terminology, cognitive linguistics


Metaphor and terminology in the social sciences. Remarks on spatial metaphor in Bruno Latour

##This article examines the conceptual and non-conceptual tools used by a specific social theory to describe our social reality. It argues that the Actor-Network-Theory (ANT) uses the rhetoric figure of metaphor in combination with defined concepts in order to create a hybrid terminology. I will therefore show in some detail what ramifications follow from combining figural speech and concept and how this effects the ANT-architecture. Bringing concept and metaphor together on an operational level of description widens our scientific scope and enriches our perspective on social phenomena. Starting from the point of cognitive linguistics, the article discusses the peculiarities of metaphor and its problematic status in the scientific discourse. After some more general discussion of theories of metaphor, the text focuses on Bruno Latour's book "Reassembling the Social". Latour's (rather unconscious) use of them might be a first step in making metaphor become a helpful element of the account of social practices. Taking the next step, it all boils down to the conclusion that contemporary social theory needs a new kind of symmetry between concept and metaphor in order to heighten its meta-theoretical self-awareness as well as to improve the usefulness of its theoretical tools.##





Ethnologie im Nationalsozialismus. Julius Lips und die Geschichte der „Völkerkunde“. Mit Beiträgen von Andre Gingrich, Volker Harms, Lydia Icke-Schwalbe, Ingrid Kreide-Damani, Wolfgang Liedtke, Gudrun Meier, Udo Mischek und Dietrich Treide

Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag 2010

439 pp., Euro $; ISBN 3-89500-774-3

Keywords: Lips, J., National Socialism, Nazism, anthropology and Nazism, racial politics


Anthropology during National Socialism. Julius Lips and the history of „Völkerkunde“

This is a biography on the work of the anthropologist Julius Lips, with special focus on the factor of National Socialism. It provides knowledge and material that has been lacking so far, considering the fact that historical studies of anthropology in the era of Nazism started only in the late 1980s. Thus, the time between 1920 and into the 1960s is dealt with, describing the organizational development of the discipline, nationally and internationally, including the policy of the Hitler regime regarding the sciences, culture, and racial politics, which includes antedecents in the Weimar Republic and repercussions in the two Germanys after World War II.





Spekulative Kommunikation und ihre Stigmatisierung - am Beispiel der Verschwörungstheorien. Ein Beitrag zur Soziologie des Nichtwissens

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:106-123

Keywords: speculative communication, stigmatization, conspiracy theories, sociology of ignorance, sociology of knowledge, constructionism


##Speculative Communication and its Stigmatization. The Case of Conspiracy Theories. A Contribution to the Sociology of Ignorance

Wrong or speculative "conspiracy theories" provide investigations within the sociology of knowledge with an important example of stigmatized knowledge. The proposition to interpret "speculation" as a third value that subverts the strictly binary (true/false) code of truth opens a theoretical framework for the analysis of the underlying process of stigmatization, claiming that the logical value of speculative statements is indeterminable. This characterization corresponds to a deep ambivalence: in contrast to proven falsity, speculation can maintain the hope of becoming true, but it stands in contrast to the established truth from which it diverges. The sociology of knowledge would profit from an analysis of the communicative conflicts about the conjectural limits of knowledge because these conflicts allow the study of the repression and marginalization of erroneous statements, which are involved in the production of knowledge of all sorts. The justification for this marginalization and exclusion is typically based on ontological arguments which describe methods of testing as external to the construction of knowledge. This presumption is revised by the constructionist perspective offered in this paper, and "empirical testing" is understood as a form of self-confirmation immanent within the process of the construction of knowledge.##





Soziologische Aufklärung als moralische Passion: Pierre Bourdieu. Versuch der Verführung zu einer provozierenden Lektüre

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

316 pp., Euro $; ISBN 3-531-17383-2

Keywords: Bourdieu, P., morality and sociology, social research and politics


Sociological enlightenment as moral passion: Pierre Bourdieu. Seducing to read his provocative texts

The author introduces Bourdieu’s texts, their intellectual background, and the drives and ambitions, like the integration of morality and economy, behind Bourdieu’s writings. He stresses the fact that Bourdieu’s research is morally relevant and implies political consequences for justice, dignity of man etc., and Lempert inquires into Bourdieu’s identity, the facets of the intellectual, the tireless researcher and so on. The book includes suggestions for reading and research desiderata.





Die Emergenzfunktion des Dritten - ihre Bedeutung für die Analyse der Ordnung einer funktional differenzierten Gesellschaft

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:493-511

Keywords: emergence of order, third actor, functional differentiation, Simmel, G., dyadic sociality, order, social order, contingency, alter and ego, ego and alter, action theory, triadic relations


##The Emergence of Order - the Function of the Third Actor and its Relevance for the Analysis of Functional Differentiation

Dyadic notions of sociality are often used as basic concepts for understanding social relations and the emergence of social order. Although Simmel had already introduced the notion of the third actor in addition to the dyad, the systematic relevance of the third actor for social theory has remained unclear. One reason for this is that dyadic concepts of sociality are consistently coupled with the problem of double contingency between Ego and Alter. The third actor, Tertius, becomes a necessary consideration only once the elementary understanding of the problem of social order is extended. This extension is brought about by complementing the question how the problem of double contingency is solved with the question as to which entities will consider one another as Alter Ego respectively. Following Plessner's theory of the shared world, the second problem is described here as the "problem of contingency of the shared world". The solution of the latter problem defines which entities confront one another in relations of double contingency. In this perspective concrete actions and communications are treated as solutions to two basic problems: the problem of contingency of the shared world and the problem of double contingency between actors. With reference to these elementary problems this contribution offers a revised concept of functional differentiation as an alternative to traditional approaches in systems and action theory. Functionally differentiated realms of society, in this perspective, can be described as being accomplished in and through triadic relations structured in patterns specific to particular functional realms. This idea is explored by discussing science, the economy and law/politics as examples.##





Kultur. Eine Einführung

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

122 pp., Euro 14.90; ISBN 3-531-15927-0

Keywords: culture, memory and innovation, meaning, constructivism


Culture. An introduction

Lüddemann presents culture as „a complex system of self-determined ascriptions of meaning“ and he sees culture as a dynamic process of the production of meaning that generates necessary guidelines of orientation in modern, functionally complex societies. In such a culture the stabilizing function of memory is connected with innovation which organizes self-images of a society permanently constructing its reality anew. Lüddemann  describes how such a society works, having mediality, reflexivity, and heterogeneity as intrinsic characteristics.








Tout-monde: Interkulturalität, Hybridisierung, Kreolisierung. Kommunika-tions- und gesellschaftstheoretische Modelle zwischen „alten“ und „neuen“ Räumen

(Sprache – Identität – Kultur 8)

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2010

282 pp. Euro 54.80; ISBN 3-631-59168-0

Keywords: Glissant, E., interculturality, hybridization, creolization, communication models, cultural contact, Rap


Tout-monde: Interculturality, hybridization, creolization. Models of communication and social theory between „old“ and „new“ spaces

According to the editors the world today is increasingly coined by exchange processes between the ‚old’ and ‚new’ world, or the ‚third’ world, and the authors use Glissant’s notion of „Tout-monde“, the „all-world“ to deal with this complexity of ‚interculturality’.

LUDWIG, RALPH & DOROTHEE RÖSEBERG: Tout-monde: Interkulturalität, Hybridisierung, Kreolisierung. Kommunikations- und gesellschaftstheoretische Modelle zwischen „alten“ und „neuen“ Räumen [Tout-monde: Interculturality, hybridization, creolization. Models of communication and social theory between „old“ and „new“ spaces]

RÖSEBERG, DOROTHEE: Interkulturalitätskonzepte in Europa: Versuch einer Zwischenbilanz [Concepts of interculturality in Europe: A provisional appraisal]

FEBEL, GISELA: Von Victor Segalen zu Édouard Glissant: Überlegungen zu einer Poetik des Diversen [From V. Segalen to E. Glissant: Reflections on a poetics of the diverse]

GUGENBERGER, EVA: Das Konzept der Hybridität in der Migrationslinguistik [The concept of hybridity in migration linguistics]

LUDWIG, RALPH: Kreolisierung - ein entgrenzter Begriff? [Creolization – a de-$entgr. Term?]

PAGEL, STEVE: Von Rapa Nui zur Isla de Pascua und zurück: Sprachliche Akkulturation und Distinktion auf der Osterinsel [Linguistic acculturation and distinction on the Easter Island]

ANDRADI, ESTHER: Babel como bendición: La escritura entre los mundos [Literature between the worlds]

BREMER, THOMAS: Zona crónica: Der Nuevo periodismo und der literarische blog in Lateinamerika nach 2000 [The Nuevo periodismo and the literary blog in Latin America after 2000]

MÜLLER, GESINE: "Au lieu d'obélisques, il a ses palmiers": Kulturkon-takte zwischen alten und neuen Räumen. Literarische Momentaufnahmen der französischen und spanischen Karibik im 19. Jahrhundert [Cultural contact between old and new spaces. Literary snapshots of the French and Spanish Caribbean in the 19th century]

BRÜNING, ANGELA: Creolisation and its Limits in Contemporary Anglophone and Francophone Caribbean Discourse and Fiction

STEMMLER, SUSANNE: Flamenco-Rap: Ein Tout-Monde des Klangs [Flamenco Rap. A tout-monde of sound]

GYSSELS, KATHLEEN: Du Discours antillais au Tout-Monde: Le (c)entrisme d'Edouard Glissant [The centrism of Edouard Glissant]

ENNIS, JUAN A. & STEFAN PFÄNDER: Zur – fragwürdigen – Legitimation des Laboratoriums Kreol(istik) [On the – questionable – legitimation of the laboratory Creol(istics)]





Über das Erinnern von Gewalt und die Verarbeitung des Schmerzes am Beispiel von Flüchtlingen und Ex-Kämpferinnen der TPLF

Curare 33,1/2.2010:60-71

Keywords: memorizing violence, violence, pain, refugees, female ex-fighters, TPLF, war zones, trauma, Scarry, E.


##Memorizing Violence and Coping with Pain: A Study of Refugees and Female Ex-fighters of TPLF in Several Different War Zones

This paper analyzes the interrelations between memory, violence and pain using several different case studies of refugees from Sudan, Chechenya, Somalia, and Cambodia. In addition, we analyze the case of female ex-flghters from the Ethiopian liberation movement TPLF. Our central questions concern the concepts and metaphors, which are used by the refugees and activists to express and remember experiences of violence. In this context, we discuss earlier concepts in the sociology of violence to assess their usefulness. Moreover, we examine Scarry’s thesis (1992) that physical pain resists language. Specifically, we explore under which conditions this assumption can be refuted (or not). Finally, the "trauma" concept in these contexts is examined, taking into account that silence or speaking up can be a strategic choice in traumatic situations. In particular, we ask whether trauma remains an adequate concept understanding the complex experiences of violence and pain, and look at possible consequences of the trauma concept for identity constructions.##




A way of life aus der Sicht Pierre Bourdieus. Der Skinheadstil als Gegen-stück und Rückgewinnung der Gemeinschaft

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:21-30

Keywords: lifestyle, skinheads, Bourdieu, P., communication of values, values, working class, class values


A way of life seen from Pierre Bourdieu’s perspective

Maaser discusses aspects of skinhead subculture and marginalization against the background of mainstream culture, skinheads preserving their specific value orientation through their behavior and lifestyle, and he interprets their aesthetical expression with Bourdieu.





Opportunitätsstrukturen und Lebenschancen

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:401-420

Keywords: opportunity structures, life-chances, Weber, M., Merton, R., conflict, social conflict, monopolizing resources, closure, social closure


##Opportunity structures and life-chances

The article discusses the development, meaning and theoretical context of both Robert Merton's concept of "opportunity structure" and the concept of "life-chances" that he took up from Max Weber. In order to analyze crucial social conflicts, I argue that both concepts should follow along the lines of conflict theory. While they converge in terms of meaning, we need different theoretical strategies to make their analytical and explanatory power explicit. First, a reinterpretation of the concept of opportunity structure shows that social actors might reduce others' access to options while realizing their own aims; second, life-chances should be put again in a Weberian perspective for two reasons. On the one hand Weber already conceptualizes them in the context of social struggles, on the other hand he shows that the mechanism of social closure helps to understand how people exclude others from life-chances by monopolizing resources.##








Constrained constructivism in post-structural discourse analysis

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:91-112

Keywords: constructivism, constrained constructivism, epistemology, research strategies, Diaz-Bone, R., cognition


##The post-structural notion of the transitivity of knowledge implicates that empirical discourse analysis is involved in co-constructing of the reality it observes. In order to remain consistent with the acclaimed transitient nature of knowledge, discourse analysts should ensure that the discursive orders they observe are in line with their own discursivity. This article locates the possibllity to assess the co-construction of social reality in the methodological position of constrained constructivism. Drawing on the French epistemological tradition of Gaston Bachelard, Georges Canguilhem, Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault, and their late reception by Rainer Diaz-Bone, this article elucidates the methodological position of constrained constructivism. Constrained constructivism is seen to embrace four main features altogether: recognition of the ever present limits of cognition; attainment of an epistemological break from everyday knowledge; use of holistic methodology; and sustainment of second-order reflexivity. The concluding part of the article discusses the methodological consequences of constrained constructivism for discourse analysis. Amongst other things, decisions about the material analyzed, compilation of the text material, research strategies, and also the interpretations of the material should be justified and motivated with regard to the epistemological limits of research. Moreover, research results should be presented in such a transparent manner that they can be intersubjectively grasped, criticized and, ideally, also revised.##





Wirtschaftssoziologie nach Max Weber

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

283 pp., Euro $; ISBN 3-531-16770-1

Keywords: Weber, M., economic sociology, capitalism, consumerism, sociology of religion, rationalization, religion and economy


Economic sociology after Max Weber

In this volume the authors want to show how a theoretically grounded and empirically fertile sociology of economy might look like; they deal with methodological principles and central notions of Weber.

SWEDBERG, RICHARD: Die Bedeutung der Weber’schen Kategorien für die Wirtschaftsoziologie [The importance of Weber’s categories for economic sociology]

NORKUS, ZENONAS: Soziologische Erklärungen wirtschaftlicher Sach-verhalte mit Weber [Sociological explanations of economic facts with Weber]

ERLEI, MATHIAS: Neoklassik, Institutionenökonomik und Max Weber [Neoclassic, economics of institutions, and Max Weber]

MIKL-HORKE, GERTRAUDE: Der Markt bei Weber und in der neuen Wirtschaftsoziologie [The market in Weber and in the new economic sociology]

MAURER, ANDREA: Der privat-kapitalistische Wirtschaftsbetrieb: ein wirtschaftssoziologischer Blick auf Unternehmen? [The private-capitalistic economic company. An economic-sociological perspective on companies]

RÖSSEL, JÖRG: Kapitalismus und Konsum. Determinanten und Relevanz des Konsumverhaltens in Max Webers Wirtschaftssoziologie [Capitalism and consumerism. Determinants and relevance of consumerist behavior in Max Weber’s sociology of economy]

KOCH, ANNE: Die Religionssoziologie Max Webers im Lichte der neueren Kulturwissenschaft und der Religionsökonomie [The sociology of religion of Max Weber in the light of recent cultural science and economy of religion]

SCHWINN, THOMAS: Wirtschaftssoziologie als Gesellschaftstheorie? Kritische Anfragen aus einer Weber’schen Perspektive [Sociology of economy as theory of society? Critical questions from a Weberian perspective]

SCHIMANK, UWE: Max Webers Rationalisierungsthese – differenzie-rungstheoretisch und wirtschaftssoziologisch gelesen [Max Weber’s theory of rationalization – read in a differentiation- and economic-sociological way]

SCHULZ-SCHAEFFER, INGO: Eigengesetzlichkeit, Spannungsverhält-nis, Wahlverwandtschaft und Kausalität. Zum Verhältnis von Religion und Wirtschaft bei Max Weber [Autonomous law, stress relation, elective affinity and causality. On the relation of religion and economy in Max Weber]





Top Girls. Feminismus und der Aufstieg des neoliberalen Geschlech-terregimes. Herausgegeben von Sabine Hark und Paula-Irene Villa

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

227 pp., Euro 24.95; ISBN 3-531-16272-0

Keywords: feminism, neoliberal gender roles, gender regimes, female freedom, post-feminism


Top girls. Feminism and the rise of the neoliberal gender regime. Ed. By Sabine Hark and Paula-Irene Villa

In this translation into German of the book the author critically assesses the ‚end of feminism’ in the face of re-traditionalizations of gender regimes which seem to become dominant. She analyzes how consumer and popular cultures appropriate rhetoric and images of female freedom and autonomy through which they seem to support female success. The author shows, however, that women are in fact driven into new, post-feminist and ‚neurotic’ dependencies. Thus she reflects on fashion photography, TV series, the ‚treatment’ of the body in bulimia and anorexia, body hysteria etc.





Geschlecht, Macht, Männlichkeit – Strukturwandel von Erwerbsarbeit und hegemoniale Männlichkeit

Erwägen Wissen Ethik 21.2010:325-336

Keywords: masculinity, labor and masculinity, modernity and masculinity, gainful employment, employment and masculinity, subordinated masculinities, hegemonic masculinities


Gender, power, masculinity – structural change of labor and hegemonic masculinity

##Analyzing masculinity in social sciences is ranging between theorizing masculinity in terms of power and dominance on the one side and a diagnosis of the present position of men in society focussing on a loss of power on the other side. After a historical reference to the long tradition of crisis discourses in broaching the issue of masculinity in modernity, the article discusses the conceptual grounds of the leading category in masculinity studies in social sciences and humanities, hegemonic masculinity, and asks in what way the present structural transformation of gainful employment does jeopardize hegemonic masculinity. This question is motivated by the insight of gender studies concerning gainful employment being a central institutional pillar of hegemonic masculinity. The article ends with some open questions concerning the relation of hegemonic and subordinated masculinities.##





Evolutionäre Ethik

Erwägen Wissen Ethik 21.2010:231-242

Keywords: evolutionary ethics, ethics and biology, memes (cultural), cultural memes, moral behavior, determinism, genetic determinism, morals and laws, laws and morals, ‚normative ethics’


Evolutionary ethics

##Evolutionary ethics aim at an understanding and judging of man's moral behaviour in view of his evolutionary disposition. This approach implies that at least parts of moral attitudes are accessible to an explanation in scientific terms. Moreover it is assumed that human moral behaviour is determined by an interaction of genetic information and cultural memes. This means that the principal patterns of our moral behaviour, the moral universals, are determined by our genetic outfit. Only the fine structure of our moral attitude is formed in the dialogue between the genetic software and the cultural meme. Along these lines we will analyze the concept of 'mixed strategies', exemplified among others by the political strategy of ‚social market-economy', and the transition from morals to law in man’s cultural history. Emphasis is further laid on genetic/memetic aspects of evolutionary-economy, including the question to what extent the relationship between morals, consciousness (including free will) and responsibility may be considered a topic of evolutionary theory. In the final chapter we will consider ‚evolutionary vs. normative ethics’ in view of a rational memetic evolution, as an indispensable postulate in our endangered world.##





Ethnowissen. Soziologische Beiträge zu ethnischer Differenzierung und Migration

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

468 pp., Euro 39.95; ISBN 3-531-16226-3

Keywords: ‚race’, ethnicity, Du Bois, W.E.B., ethnomethodology, ethnic inequality, migrants, soccer, cyber-ethnicity


Ethno-knowledge. Sociological contributions to ethnic distinction and migration

BÖS, MATHIAS: ‚Rasse’ und ‚Ethnizität’: W.E.B. Du Bois und die wissenschaftliche Konstruktion sozialer Großgruppen in der Geschichte der US-amerikanischen Soziologie [‚Race’ and ‚ethnicity’: W.E.B. DuBois and the scientific construction of social macro groups in the history of US American sociology]

CORNELL, STEPHEN & DOUGLAS HARTMANN: Ethnizität und Rasse: ein konstruktivistischer Ansatz [Ethnicity and race: a constructionist approach]

WIMMER, ANDREAS: Ethnische Grenzziehungen: eine prozessorien-tierte Mehrebenentheorie [Ethnic delimitation: A process-oriented theory of several levels]

BERGMANN, JÖRG: Die kategoriale Herstellung von Ethnizität – Ethnomethodologische Überlegungen zur Ethnizitätsforschung [The categorial generation of ethnicity. Ethnomethodological reflections on ethnicity research]

LANGHOF, ANTONIA: ‚Ethnische Differenz’ und ‚ökonomischer Vertei-lungskonflikt’ als Schemata der Beobachtung gesellschaftlicher Konflikte [‚Ethnic difference’ and ‚economic conflict of distribution’ as schemes for observing societal conflict]

WATERS, MARY C.: Ethnizität als Option: nur für Weiße? [Ethnicity as an option: Only for whites?]

NECKEL, SIGHARD & FERDINAND SUTTERLÜTY: Negative Klassifikationen und ethnische Ungleichheit [Negative classifications and ethnic inequality]

SCHERSCHEL, KARIN: Dimensionen der Ungleichheit im national-staatlich stratifizierten sozialen Raum [Dimensions of inequality in the nation-state stratified social space]

LAMONT, MICHELE & SADA AKSARTOVA: Der alltägliche Kosmo-politismus einfacher Leute. Strategien zur Überwindung von Rassen-grenzen zwischen Männern der Arbeiterklasse [The everyday cosmo-politism of simple people. Strategies for overcoming racial limits between men of the working class]

BRUBAKER, ROGERS: Die Diaspora des Diaspora-Konzepts [The Diaspora of the Diaspora concept]

ZIFONUN, DARIUS: Ein ‚gallisches Dorf’? Integration, Stadtteilbindung und Prestigeordnung in einem ‚Armenviertel’ [A ‚Gallic village’? Integration, neighborhood rootedness and prestige order in a ‚poor neighborhood’]

SCHRÖER, NORBERT: Der ausgrenzende Vernehmer – Ein Sonder-wissensbestand türkische Migranten [The excluding interviewer. A special knowledge-area of Turkish migrants]

KISSAU, KATHRIN: ‚Ethnische Sphären’ im Internet [‚Ethnic spheres’ in the Internet]

ESSER, HARTMUT: Ethnische Ungleichheit, ethnische Differenzierung und moderne Gesellschaft [Ethnic inequality, ethnic differentiation and modern society]

MÜLLER, MARION: Ethnische und funktionale Differenzierung: Zur Relevanz ethnisch-nationaler Zuschreibungen im Profifußball [Ethnic and functional distinction: On the relevance of ethnic-national prescriptions in professional soccer]

PLÜMECKE, TINO: Die neuen Differenzen der Lebenswissenschaften. ‚Rasse’, Genetik und die ungenutzten Potentiale der Soziologie [The new differences in the life sciences. ‚Race’, genetics and the unused potentials of sociology]

ZWENGEL, ALMUT: Von kulturellen Differenzen zur Kultur der Diffe-renz. Überlegungen zu einem Paradigmenwechsel [From cultural differences to the culture of difference. Reflections on a new paradigm change]





Der Monopolmechanismus in der Wissenschaft. Auf den Schultern von Robert K. Merton

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:341-370

Keywords: New Public Management, ‚high impact journal’, hierarchy of journals, market power, circular accumulation, competition, recognition, entrepreneurial universities, Matthew effect


##The monopoly mechanism in science. On the shoulders of Robert K. Merton

Quality assurance has become the guiding principle of governing research in the wake of the global diffusion of New Public Management. In this respect, the ,high impact Journal’ occupies a central place. It is shown that the production of a hierarchy of disciplinary journals furthers the monopoly mechanism in science through processes of the material production of market power and symbolically constructed exclusivity. These processes and the rule of the Shanghai ranking enable an exclusive class of globally dominant universities to ensure the circular accumulation of economic and symbolic capital. The competition among researchers for recognition by the scientific community in terms of their contributions to the advancement of knowledge is being displaced by the competition among entrepreneurial universities for researchers, students and funds as profit generating resources. The resulting tendencies of halting the evolution of knowledge can be counteracted by measures which further the plurality of authorities for quality assurance, the building of opposing power to existing power in a system of checks and balances and by providing space for methodological anarchy.##





The end

Paideuma 56.2010:221-240

Keywords: end of anthropology, anthropology as literature, representation


##This paper was delivered as one of the 2008 Jensen Memorial Lectures, the title of which contained a printing error: a question mark following ‚the end’. It is the metaphor of the end which endows anthropology with a particular literary quality that other disciplines have lost in all their optimism. The discipline’s proximity to the genre of belles lettres has allowed it repeatedly to revitalise this heuristically very fruitful figure of speech. Most of the contributions to this collection have not sought to declare anthropology dead, but on the contrary, to stress it’s merits and argue for its continued importance, even necessity. I would like to do the same. However, I do not wish to bury talk of the end. Instead, I would rather like to stress its value as a future-oriented part of the great tradition of anthropology as literature.##





Vom Paradigma zum Pragma. Religion und Migration in relationaler Perspektive

Sociologia Internationalis 48.2010:221-246

Keywords: paradigm, pragma, relational sociology, religion and sociology, migration


From paradigm to pragma. Religion and migration in relational perspective

##In recent years the American discussion about "relational sociology" has finally reached the German sociological debate and came to be promoted with a particular paradigmatic furor. For the time being, however, the programmatic claims in this debate have been at odds with the realities of applied research. In this article I will explore the chances and challenges of a relational perspective with regard to questions of religion and migration. I will argue that the heuristic value of a relational approach is to complement a widespread image of religious migrant communities as isolated entities and hermetic cultural enclaves with a more optimistic notion of embedded and embedding social spaces. Instead of reinventing the sociological wheel I suggest a relational reading of existing concepts of diaspora. Following these conceptual considerations I will outline a number of research areas and questions which result from a relational perspective on religion and migration.##





Einleitende Überlegungen: Wissen um Veränderung – Entwicklung, Geschichte, sozialer Wandel

Sociologus 60.2010:1-14

Keywords: change, transformation, social transformation, theory formation


##Introductory Remarks - The Production of Knowledge about Change: Development, History, Social Transformation

The following paper briefly introduces the three contributions to this issue on "Notions of Change". Furthermore, some of the basic concepts with which this issue is concerned are discussed. These are the question of how to demarcate historical eras, the question of the range of theories in the social sciences and the question of the problematic entanglement of theories in the social sciences with hegemonic discourses that proclaim a distinctive newness of the respective present.##





Göttinnen, Heldinnen und Herrscherinnen in Asien und Afrika

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2010

203 pp., Euro 39.80; ISBN 3-631-59218-2

Keywords: goddesses, heroines, female rulers, myths, political myths, memory, Lori Mata


Goddesses, heroines, and female rulers in Asia and Africa

POHL, MANFRED: Hōjō Masako: Eine Frau gegen Japans Kaiser [Hōjō Masako. A woman contra the Japanese emperor]

STUMPFELDT, HANS: Scheusal und Buddha der Zukunft: die Kaiserin  Wu Tse-t’ien (684-704) [Monster and Buddha of the future. The empress Wu Tse-t’ien (684-704)]

SCHULZ-ZINDA, YVONNE: Die Revolutionärin Qiu Jin (1875-1907): der Stoff, aus dem die Heldin ist [The revolutionary Qiu Jin (1875-1907): A substance out of which the heroine is made]

ENGELBERT, THOMAS: Göttinnen und Heldinnen in Vietnam: Dorf-gemeinde und dörfliche Kultstätten der Việt [Goddesses and heroines in Vietnam: The village community and village cult places of the Việt]

HEINSCHKE, MARTINA: Politische Mythen und Geschlechterordnung im vormodernen Java [Political myths and gender order in premodern Java]

SCHULER, BARBARA: Was wird erinnert? – Gewalt und Ruhm als Erinnerungssignaturen [What is being remembered? Violence and glory signatures of recollection]

ORANSKAIA, TATIANA: Lori Mata: Eine Göttin aus der Kaste der Straßenakrobaten [Lori Mata: A goddess of the caste of street acrobats]

WÖBKE, RITA: Aspekte weiblicher Existenz in Afrika [Aspects of female existence in Africa]





Pedestrian Art. The Tourist Gait as Tactic and Performance

Ethnologia Europaea 40,2.2010:14-28

Keywords: walking practices, performance, everyday life, tourism, flČnerie, practice


##Our walking as tourists is in many respects different from our "non-tourist" or everyday walking. Building on John Urry's well-known concept of the "tourist gaze", I suggest the coinage of the "tourist gait" for describing a type of walking characterized, among other things, by a heightened awareness of sensory impressions and an active involvement with one's surroundings. In this article, I explore how the tourist gait can be employed as a tactic for claiming and experiencing space in our home environs. By comparing tourist gait practices with the phenomenon of flČnerie, the performance element contained in everyday pedestrianism emerges. Quotidian walking can demonstrate great creativity and is definitively much more tharr just a means of transportation.##





Photographing culture. Anschauung und Anschaulichkeit in der Ethno-graphie

(Kulturwissenschaftliche Technikforschung 2)

Zürich: Chronos Verlag 2010

338 pp., Euro $; ISBN 3-0340-1044-3

Keywords: visual anthropology, photography


Photographing culture. Viewing in ethnography

The author integrates photography in the range of methods in fieldwork in the cultural sciences. However, present ethnographic practice in Folklore Studies seems to be sceptical regarding photography, even though there is a boom of discussing photography since the 1990s, but a „photographic discourse in the sense of visual ethnography“ has not been taking place so far. The author prsents an epistemologically and media-founded study based on Anglo-American visual anthropology – stressing the epistemological potential of photographic practice.





Die kognitionswissenschaftliche Erforschung von Religion

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 135.2010:219-232

Keywords: cognitive sciences, religion and cognitivism, culture and cognitive science 


##Cognitive science research of religion

The purpose of this review paper is to discuss the relevance of cognitive science to the field of cultural anthropology with special emphasis on religious studies. Cognition as the mental capacity to represent and process information is a striking part of the mental apparatus. It is concerned with the manner in which people represent and interpret their natural, social and cultural environment. According to the standard model in the social sciences only socio-cultural factors could explain cultural and religious phenomena - its natural foundations, however, have been largely ignored so far and mark the focus of the cognitive science of cultural studies. According to this view culture can also be regarded as constellations of mental and public representations communicated and regulated by human minds. Thus, a cognitive science of culture and religion differs from the social science standard model by insisting that both domains are to be understood by-products of ordinary cognitive processes and a cognitive science of culture and religion seeks to explain the natural foundations of culture that also includes religious phenomena.##





Die Macht der Worte und der Medien. 3. Auflage

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

333 pp., Euro 29.95; ISBN 3-531-17242-2

Keywords: media utilization, performativity, TV as actor, actors, internet, trust and internet, texts and interpretation, representation and texts, communication theory


The power of words and the media. 3rd edition

This collection of articles/essays focusing on the media inquires into their force and power, which is one of the central questions of present-day society. So, questions are under which conditions TV will have effects (on the people), how media communication can be used in professional work, in companies, by consultants, by scholars. TV is discussed as an actor, institutionalization as a precondition of performativity, effects of movies on personal action, questions of the internet in connection with trust, advertisement, sports as a communicative integration ritual, the interpretation of homepages, and finally, what words can do and cannot do.





Backpackers: Betwixt and between

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:7-16

Keywords: backpacking, ethnography of backpacking, liminality, tourism


Ritschel reflects on his travels and experiences as a backpacker (in South America), using liminality (van Gennep and Turner), Bourdieu and a paper of Anders SŅrensen to frame his thoughts.






Tauschsphären. Geschichte und Bedeutung eines wirtschaftsethnolo-gischen Konzepts

Anthropos 105.2010:157-177

Keywords: exchange, Bohannan, P., Tiv, economic anthropology, prestige and goods


Spheres of exchange. History and importance of a concept in economic anthropology

##This article examines the concept of the spheres of exchange or transaction spheres in economic anthropology. It starts with the most well-known example, the three hierarchically ordered and morally connotated spheres of exchange which Paul Bohannan found among the Tiv in Eastem Nigeria. It discusses the criticisms which Bohannan's work has provoked and traces the concept's history to two main schools of thought. The comprehension of the spheres of exchange in their broader context of economy and society makes clear that they are not an exotic phenomenon, vanishing under the influence of Western culture, but a structuring strategy generally found in societies, and with which certain social groups justify claims to prestigious goods and services.##





Das große Bild vor Augen: Wie die Kognitionsethnologie zurück zu den Kognitionswissenschaften finden kann

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 135.2010:259-274

Keywords: cognitive sciences, psychology and cognitivism, decline of cognitivism, cognitive anthropology, cross-cultural psychology


##Don't lose the big picture! How to get cognitive anthropology back into the cognitive sciences

The tangible presence of cognitive anthropology decreased strongly within the cognitive sciences and even within socio-cultural anthropology during the last approximately three decades. Reasons for this development can be found in four different factors which are outlined in this paper and used as impetus for change. From the perspective of young academics or students of anthropology, possibilities and ideas are discussed that might help improving the rather poor condition cognitive anthropology is in and encourage or challenge senior scientists to become aware of their responsibilities. As one topic for interdisciplinary exchange between cognitive anthropology and other cognitive sciences, studies on the influence of cultural self-construal on cognition are introduced. These are usually conducted within cross-cultural psychology, but provide an intersection between psychology and anthropology as well as an opportunity for fruitful interdisciplinary collaboration in teaching and research. At the end of this paper, remarks on rather practical than theoretical contemplations summarize miscellaneous preconditions and opportunities for (re-)establishing a strong anthropological share in the big picture of cognition.##





Die emotionale Struktur sozialer Interaktion: Emotionsexpression und soziale OrdnungsbiIdung

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:346-362

Keywords: emotional structure, interaction, order and emotion, expression and emotion, facial expression, decoding expression


##The Emotional Structure of Social Interaction: The Expression of Emotion and the Emergence of Social Order

This contribution investigates functions of emotion in social interaction and their role in the emergence and reproduction of social structures and social order. It assumes that the elicitation of emotion is fundamentally dependent on the social environment and that emotions go hand in hand with characteristic action tendencies. On this basis, it is argued that the facial expression of emotion is particularly implicated in generating patterns of social action and interaction. First, it is shown that the encoding of facial expression combines hard-wired physiological principles on the one hand and socially learned aspects on the other, leading to more fine-grained and socially differentiated "dialects" of emotional expression. Second, it is argued that the decoding of facial expression is contingent upon this combination, so that reciprocal attributions of emotional states, situational interpretations, and action tendencies are more effective within rather than across social units. Third, this conjunction affects the conditions for emotional contagion, which is shown to be more effective within social units exhibiting similar encoding and decoding characteiistics and thus aligns emotions and action tendencies in a coherent, yet socially differentiated fashion. Taken together, these interactional processes show that emotions facilitate the structuring of social interaction and the emergence of social order##



Die ostasiatische Moderne - eine Moderne „eigener“ Art?

Berliner Journal für Soziologie 20.2010:123-152

Keywords: modernities, multiple modernities, western modernity, Eisenstadt, S.


##East Asian modernity – A "distinct" modernity?

The article casts doubt on the claim of Eisenstadt and other culturalists that East Asia constitutes a distinct modernity, one that differs fundamentally from Western modernity. Following a brief reconstruction of key modernization theoretical premises against which this claim is directed, it compares the five largest Western countries with the currently most advanced exemplars of East Asian modernity. The findings show that the two regions are remarkably similar in virtually all respects that matter from a modernization theoretical viewpoint. The article then goes on to assess the relevance of the evidence held against modernization theory by Eisenstadt and his followers. As it turns out, this evidence presents no challenge to modernization theory whatsoever. Moreover, its epistemological status is dubious given that multiple modernists lack a sufficiently worked-out theory of modernity in whose light the social theoretic significance of empirical observations could be assessed. Drawing upon the differentiation theoretical tradition, an alternative approach is outlined that addresses multiple modernists' substantive concerns without falling into the trap of essentializing diversity. However, utilizing this approach for the comparison between Western and East Asian modernity subverts the very idea of a uniform West against which the notion of a distinctly East Asian modernity is posited.##





Islamfeindlichkeit. Wenn die Grenzen der Kritik verschwimmen. 2., aktualisierte und erweiterte Auflage

Wiesbaden: VS Verlag 2010

498 pp., 49.95; ISBN 3-531-17440-2

Keywords: Islamophobia, Muslims, critique of Islam, history of Islamophobia


Islamophobia. When the borders of criticism get blurred. 2nd., updated and enlarged edition

The thirty papers in this book – by social scientists, historians of religions, political scientists etc. – are divided into four sections, namely: starting points of Islamophobia in German society (historical and theological causes, processes in history, narratives, Islamophobia connected with immigration); the current situation of Islamophobia (distinct topics discussed in the media, regarding women, building of mosques, in schools, in the media...); institutionalized Islamophobia (in political parties and the Churches), and personal Islamophobia (descriptions of cases of well-known individuals). The editor sees ‚pure ressentiments’ as a frequent background for Islam criticism, and there is a ‚dogmatic attitude of defence’ among Muslims, which does not consider any critique. The contributions in this book analyze many aspects of this overall phenomenon.





Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und normative Ordnungen. Eine ethno-phänomenologische Problemskizze in entwicklungsethnologischer Absicht

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:59-68

Keywords: development, normative orders, norms, values and development aid, intersubjectivity


Development cooperation and normative orders

Inspired by a research project on „normative orders“ and a relation with „development cooperation“ by an un-named university Scholz discusses: 1. Lifeworlds and their connection with orders claiming universal validity, and development activity. He then generates an „ethno-phenomenological perspective“ on these research questions by introducing three types of intersubjectivity, and by qualifying two object settings and their orders. Finally, results of this operation are applied to the introductory question.





Praxis, handlungstheoretisch betrachtet

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:319-336

Keywords: practice, theory of action, action theory, embodied practice, tacit knowledge


##Practice. A Theory-of-Action Perspective

Theorists of the "practice turn" argue that the concept of action should be replaced by the concept of embodied social practices because they assume that the tacit knowledge and skills of social practices are much more fundamental for understanding human social conduct than the action theorists' supposedly individual and rational actions. The aim of the paper is to show that the role of tacit knowledge and skills can be analyzed more clearly and in a more refined way within a theory-of-action framework, especially by drawing on recent approaches which add to the concept of action further considerations concerning the definition of the situation##





Der Fremde. Studien zu Soziologie und Sozialgeschichte

(Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 1924)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2010

213 pp., Euro 10,-; ISBN 3-518-29524-3

Keywords: strangers, foreigners, alterity


The stranger. Studies in sociology and social history

A dozen articles, previously published, deal with ‚the stranger’ from a largely sociological (and hardly anthropological) perspective, by including inspiration from various other disciplines (philosophy, history, political science) and the history of ideas in a general sense; i.e., in the widest possible perspective. Thus, the author discusses how humans find and delimit themselves, the role of strangeness in academia, in the self-description of Europe in historical times, especially Early Modernity, and then the break in modernity, where all others are strangers, or nobody is. It is argued that self-analysis in modernity ‚invents forms of minimal sym-pathy and universal indifference which determine our relations with all others’.





Modernität, Mangelwirtschaft und Postsozialismus. Probleme ethnologi-scher und soziologischer Theoriebildung angesichts gesellschaftlicher Veränderung

Sociologus 60.2010:15-40

Keywords: theory production, anthropological theory, modernization theory, postsocialism


##Modernity, the economy of shortage and postsocialism: Problems of anthropological and sociological theory-building in the face of social change

The central question posed in this article is, why despite of almost ideal conditions no genuine theory building of social change took place. Instead, a neo-institutional interpretation dominated Anthropology, and Sociology saw the revival of modernisation theory. The article traces these characteristic lines of argumentation and shows that both strands necessarily led to analyses of both socialist and postsocialist societies as in deficit. The following reflections on studies concerned with work and gender relations show that only if normative assumptions, especially concerning the distinction between public and private sphere, are abandoned the prospect for new theoretical reflections emerge.##





Sinne und Künste im Wechselspiel. Modi ästhetischer Erfahrung

(Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 1973)

Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag 2010

409 pp., Euro 14,-; ISBN 3-518-29573-1

Keywords: aesthetic experience, arts, senses and arts, otherness and senses, theater, Merleau-Ponty, M., healing, pain, perception


The interplay of senses and the arts. Modi of aesthetic experience

In this systematic philosophical assessment of sensual experience Waldenfels discusses the perception, effects, power, utilization, traces etc. of pictures, images, of sound, movement (dance, theater), theater as the location of otherness (alterity), food and feelings, and finally pain and healing as feedback to sensual experiences. In doing so, he draws on Nietzsche, phenomenology, Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger and many others as well as on classical (western) philosophy. Recurrent is the topic of culture, and otherness in such experiences.





Reif für die Insel? Die Insel als Ort des zweiten Anfangs

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:17-20

Keywords: islands, fantasy


The island as a location of a second beginning

Waltermann reflects on islands as objects of fantasy and briefly discusses literary works and movies of this kind (Daniel Defoe and others), and she discusses the island as a „second beginning“ in the sense of Deleuze – and finally there are anthropologists as „lone wolves“ pursuing their objects of research.





Direkte Konflikte, indirekte Konkurrenzen. Unterscheidung und Vergleich zweier Formen des Kampfes

Zeitschrift für Soziologie 39.2010:302-318

Keywords: conflict, indirect competition, struggle, competition


##Direct conflict, Indirect Competition Differentiation and Comparison of two Forms of Struggle

This article develops and applies a sociological differentiation between conflict and competition in three distinct steps: (l) Conflicts can be understood as dynamic processes of communication which are initiated by a concatenation of contradictions of contradictions; they are a direct form of struggle that depends on mutual communication between the parties. (2) In contrast, following Georg Simmel, in situations of competition parties become rivals only once they try to win the favor of a third party; competition is therefore an indirect form of struggle that depends on observation by third parties but does not require contact between the opponents. (3) This differentiation opens up new possibilities of comparison, and it is used here to analyze exemplary cases of coexistence and collision between the two forms. The heuristic advantage of the differentiation is particularly salient in cases in which the public becomes involved as a third party which brings about the special dynamics of modern competition as a "fight of all for all" (Simmel). It is in these cases that the differentiation of the fwo forms of struggle gains particular theoretical significance and practical importance##





Esswelten. Über den Funktionswandel der täglichen Kost

(Welt – Körper – Sprache 8)

Frankfurt/M.: Lang Verlag 2010

198 pp., Euro 47.80; ISBN 3-631-58670-9

Keywords: food and culture, food habits, cooking and culture, semiology, McDonaldization, literature and food

Worlds of eating. On changing functions of everyday diet

The articles in this volume are based on a workshop at the conference of the „Deutsche Gesellschaft für Semiotik“, Stuttgart 2008, approaching the topic from „negative“ perspectives such as the image of the fat human being, disgust, bulimia, shame, etc.

KLOTTER, CHRISTOPH: Die Trägheit der Zeichen – neue Aspekte einer Semiologie des Essens [The sluggishness of sign.s New aspects of a semiology of eating]

LEMKE, HARALD: Anderes – Selbst – Verkörpern – Bausteine einer gastrosophischen Anthropologie und Subjekttheorie [Alterity, self, embodiment. Stepping stones of a gastrosophic anthropology and theory of the subject]

MALITS, ANDREA: Kulinarik als subversive Kunstform – Kochkunst und Ekel in der „Cena Trimalchionis“ [Culinaric as a subversive form of art. Cooking and disgust in the „Cena Trimalchionis“]

BAYER, FRAUKE: ‚Der Rest ist Essen’. Der alimentäre Code des orgiastischen Essakts in Georg Brittings Roman „Lebenslauf eines dicken Mannes, der Hamlet hieß“ [The rest is eating. The alimentary code of the orgiastic act of eating in Georg Britting’s novel „Lebenslauf eines dicken Mannes, der Hamlet hieß“]

VARWIG, OLIVIA: Das Schlaraffenland im (Anti-)Entwicklungsroman – Zur Literarisierung des Essens in Goethes „Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre“ und Thomas Manns „Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull“ [The Cockaigne in the (anti-)character-development novel. On the literalization of eating in Goethe’s „Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre“ and Thomas Mann’s „Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull“ ]

HÄCKER, ANDREAS: Politik und Sinnlichkeit des Fastens – George Taboris „Hungerkünstler“ und weitere Produktionen des Bremer Theater-labors [Politics and the sensuality of fasting. George Tabori’s „Hungerkünstler“ and other productions of the Bremen theater laboratory]

SEIDLER, MIRIAM: Alles Peanuts!? Semiotik der Speise in Martin Walsers Roman „Der Lebenslauf der Liebe“ [Just peanuts? Semiotics of food in Martin Walser’s novel „Der Lebenslauf der Liebe“]

BOEHME, TIM CASPAR: Nutrimentalpathologien des Alltags [Nutri-mental pathologies of everyday life]

BARTSCH, SILKE: Jugendesskultur – Von der Tischgemeinschaft zum „Dauersnacken“? [Youth food culture. From commensality to „permanent snacking“]

WILK, NICOLE M.: „Wissen, wo’s herkommt.“ McDonaldisiertes Welt-wissen [„Knowing where it comes from“. McDonaldized world know-ledge]


Rhythm – a world language? Reflections on movement-oriented cultural analysis

Ethnologia Europaea 40,1.2010:30-41

Keywords: Rhythm, movement and cultural analysis, cultural analysis, music and rhythm


##The article explores the idea and practice of rhythm as a subject as well as a perspective of cultural analysis that points to the physical dimension  of culture, the social effects of bodily movements. Against holistic (and essentialist) conceptualisations of rhythm, the paper argues for a more detailed, multi-perspective approach, facing concrete phenomena in their specific and larger contexts, their functions and content and not least their interrelations and cross-references. The focus here is on a popular as well as questionable theoretical and practical model in a key area of rhythmic expressions: the model of rhythm as a (musical) „world language“. It can be shown how different, even (supposedly) competing concepts of rhythm are affiliated, how explicit and subliminal models and practices are adjoined by further meaning, and, finally, how they develop culture-constituting qualities.##





Die Grenzen der „Identität“. Vorschläge für einen interdisziplinären Forschungsansatz

Cargo. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 30.2010:31-39

Keywords: identity, discourse on identity, ethnography


The limits of „identity“. Proposal for an interdisciplinary approach

With Brubaker, Eickelpasch, Hacking, Latour, Straub and others the author discusses the present state of „identity“ – what the concept can do and what not. And he concludes by deemphasizing theoretical abstractions (of various disciplines) and instead promotes ethnographic anthropological work in concrete cases, as recommended by Geertz.








Stuttgart: Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen 60.2010

Keywords: Great Britain, body, e-volution, digital change, German-ness


The individual issues deal with the following topics:

60,1.2010: Großbritannien [Great Britain]

60,2.2010: Körper [Body]

60,3.2010: E-volution. Wie uns die digitale Welt verändert [E-volution. How the digital world changes us]

60,4.2010: Das Deutsche in der Welt [The German in the world]





From Development Discourse to the Discourse of Globalisation - Changing Forms of Knowledge about change in North-South Relations and their Political Repercussions

Sociologus 60.2010:41-70

Keywords: globalization, development, north-south relations, knowledge, forms of knowledge


##The article argues that in the field of North-South relations, predominant conceptions of social change have been transformed during the last decades. The discourse of ‚development’ which used to be dominant, has been gradually replaced by a discourse of 'globalisation'. The article engages in a comparative analysis of the turo discouises, their underlying principles and the political practices rendered possible by them.##





Von der Gewaltdebatte in Anthropologie und Sozialwissenschaften hin zu einer feministischen Analyse geschlechtlich konnotierter Gewalt

Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 135.2010:275-304

Keywords: gender and violence, violence, sexualized violence, feminism, legitimacy, intersectionality


##From the discussion on violence in anthropology and social sciences to a feminist analysis of gendered violence

The article starts with a brief summary of some of the debates on gendered violence in social sciences, focusing on the definition of the concept, its significance in human society and its social meanings. This is supplemented by considerations in the field of social and cultural anthropology about the question of legitimacy as a criterion of violence. The importance of dealing with questions like, who is legitimated to exercise violence and in what context, will be stressed. Besides this also the funcion of violence is shown as to be an important aspect of analysis. The central findings of these discussions will be looked at with regard to their relevance for a feminist (intersectional) exploration of gendered violence. In the end five points will be extracted as starting point of analysis.##


















Verwandtschaft heute. Positionen, Ergebnisse und Perspektiven

Berlin: Reimer Verlag 2010

335 pp., Euro 29.90; ISBN 3-496-02832-1

Keywords: kinship, exchange, genealogy, Wodaabe, transcultural kinship, reciprocity


Kinship today. Positions, results, and perspectives

TIMM, ELISABETH: „Ich fühle mich absolut verwandt“: Entgrenzung, Personalisierung und Gouvernementalität von Verwandtschaft am Beispiel der populären Genealogie [„I feel absolutely related“. Delimitation, personalization and governmentality of kinship in the case of popular genealogy]

BOVENSIEPEN, JUDITH: „Ich gebe dir mein Kind“. Pflegschafts- und Tauschbeziehungen in Osttimor [„I give you my child“ Guardianship and exchange relations in eastern Timor]

SCHAREIKA, NIKOLAUS: Rituell gezeugt: Verwandtschaft als sym-bolische Interaktion bei den Wodaabe Südostnigers [Ritually generated: kinship as symbolical interaction among the Wodaabe of Southeast Niger]